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Understanding constraints on private irrigation adoption decisions under uncertainty in data constrained settings : a novel empirical approach tested on Ecuadorian Cocoa cultivations

(2021) AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS. 52(6). p.985-999
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Abstract
In rural areas of LatinAmerican Countries, irrigation requirements for perennial crops, like cocoa are expected to increase. This paper develops a novel holistic approach to model private investment decisions in irrigation adoption by small and mid-sized cocoa farmers that face competing sources of uncertainty. In agricultural studies data collection through surveys often leads to issues of missing information on key measured variables. Our approach deals simultaneously with the issue of endogeneity of considering diverse risk sources and with the missing values in key covariates. The study considers multiple levels of irrigation adoption in a context where traditional and modern irrigation systems might coexist. The main contributions of this paper are both its methodological approach and its empirical application filling a knowledge gap on irrigation adoption.
Keywords
Economics and Econometrics, Agronomy and Crop Science, cocoa, conditional mixed processes, control function approach, ecuador, irrigation adoption, MICE, CLIMATE-CHANGE, MISSING DATA, MANAGEMENT-PRACTICES, MULTIPLE IMPUTATION, TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION, CHAINED EQUATIONS, FARMERS ADOPTION, WATER SCARCITY, RISK, STRATEGIES

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MLA
Villa Cox, Gonzalo Gabriel, et al. “Understanding Constraints on Private Irrigation Adoption Decisions under Uncertainty in Data Constrained Settings : A Novel Empirical Approach Tested on Ecuadorian Cocoa Cultivations.” AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, vol. 52, no. 6, 2021, pp. 985–99, doi:10.1111/agec.12661.
APA
Villa Cox, G. G., Cavazza, F., Jordán Díaz, C. A., Arias‐Hidalgo, M., Herrera, P., Espinel, R., … Speelman, S. (2021). Understanding constraints on private irrigation adoption decisions under uncertainty in data constrained settings : a novel empirical approach tested on Ecuadorian Cocoa cultivations. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, 52(6), 985–999. https://doi.org/10.1111/agec.12661
Chicago author-date
Villa Cox, Gonzalo Gabriel, Francesco Cavazza, Cristian Andrés Jordán Díaz, Mijail Arias‐Hidalgo, Paúl Herrera, Ramon Espinel, Davide Viaggi, and Stijn Speelman. 2021. “Understanding Constraints on Private Irrigation Adoption Decisions under Uncertainty in Data Constrained Settings : A Novel Empirical Approach Tested on Ecuadorian Cocoa Cultivations.” AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 52 (6): 985–99. https://doi.org/10.1111/agec.12661.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Villa Cox, Gonzalo Gabriel, Francesco Cavazza, Cristian Andrés Jordán Díaz, Mijail Arias‐Hidalgo, Paúl Herrera, Ramon Espinel, Davide Viaggi, and Stijn Speelman. 2021. “Understanding Constraints on Private Irrigation Adoption Decisions under Uncertainty in Data Constrained Settings : A Novel Empirical Approach Tested on Ecuadorian Cocoa Cultivations.” AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS 52 (6): 985–999. doi:10.1111/agec.12661.
Vancouver
1.
Villa Cox GG, Cavazza F, Jordán Díaz CA, Arias‐Hidalgo M, Herrera P, Espinel R, et al. Understanding constraints on private irrigation adoption decisions under uncertainty in data constrained settings : a novel empirical approach tested on Ecuadorian Cocoa cultivations. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS. 2021;52(6):985–99.
IEEE
[1]
G. G. Villa Cox et al., “Understanding constraints on private irrigation adoption decisions under uncertainty in data constrained settings : a novel empirical approach tested on Ecuadorian Cocoa cultivations,” AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 985–999, 2021.
@article{8718653,
  abstract     = {{In rural areas of LatinAmerican Countries, irrigation requirements for perennial crops, like cocoa are expected to increase. This paper develops a novel holistic approach to model private investment decisions in irrigation adoption by small and mid-sized cocoa farmers that face competing sources of uncertainty. In agricultural studies data collection through surveys often leads to issues of missing information on key measured variables. Our approach deals simultaneously with the issue of endogeneity of considering diverse risk sources and with the missing values in key covariates. The study considers multiple levels of irrigation adoption in a context where traditional and modern irrigation systems might coexist. The main contributions of this paper are both its methodological approach and its empirical application filling a knowledge gap on irrigation adoption.}},
  author       = {{Villa Cox, Gonzalo Gabriel and Cavazza, Francesco and Jordán Díaz, Cristian Andrés and Arias‐Hidalgo, Mijail and Herrera, Paúl and Espinel, Ramon and Viaggi, Davide and Speelman, Stijn}},
  issn         = {{0169-5150}},
  journal      = {{AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS}},
  keywords     = {{Economics and Econometrics,Agronomy and Crop Science,cocoa,conditional mixed processes,control function approach,ecuador,irrigation adoption,MICE,CLIMATE-CHANGE,MISSING DATA,MANAGEMENT-PRACTICES,MULTIPLE IMPUTATION,TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION,CHAINED EQUATIONS,FARMERS ADOPTION,WATER SCARCITY,RISK,STRATEGIES}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{6}},
  pages        = {{985--999}},
  title        = {{Understanding constraints on private irrigation adoption decisions under uncertainty in data constrained settings : a novel empirical approach tested on Ecuadorian Cocoa cultivations}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1111/agec.12661}},
  volume       = {{52}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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