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From mangrove to fork : metal presence in the Guayas Estuary (Ecuador) and commercial mangrove crabs

(2021) FOODS. 10(8).
Author
Organization
Abstract
Mangrove wetlands provide essential ecosystem services such as coastal protection and fisheries. Metal pollution due to industrial and agricultural activities represents an issue of growing concern for the Guayas River Basin and related mangroves in Ecuador. Fisheries and the related human consumption of mangrove crabs are in need of scientific support. In order to protect human health and aid river management, we analyzed several elements in the Guayas Estuary. Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, As, Pb, Cd, and Hg accumulation were assessed in different compartments of the commercial red mangrove crab Ucides occidentalis (hepatopancreas, carapax, and white meat) and the environment (sediment, leaves, and water), sampled at fifteen sites over five stations. Consistent spatial distribution of metals in the Guayas estuary was found. Nickel levels in the sediment warn for ecological caution. The presence of As in the crabs generated potential concerns on the consumers’ health, and a maximum intake of eight crabs per month for adults is advised. The research outcomes are of global importance for at least nine Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The results presented can support raising awareness about the ongoing contamination of food and their related ecosystems and the corresponding consequences for environmental and human health worldwide.
Keywords
risk assessment, environmental evaluation, consumer health, HEALTH-RISK ASSESSMENT, HEAVY-METALS, RIVER-BASIN, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS, SURFACE SEDIMENTS, WATER COLUMN, TRACE-METALS, EXPOSURE, ECOSYSTEMS

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Citation

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MLA
De Cock, Andrée, et al. “From Mangrove to Fork : Metal Presence in the Guayas Estuary (Ecuador) and Commercial Mangrove Crabs.” FOODS, vol. 10, no. 8, 2021, doi:10.3390/foods10081880.
APA
De Cock, A., De Troyer, N., Forio, M. A. E., García Arévalo, I., Van Echelpoel, W., Jacxsens, L., … Goethals, P. (2021). From mangrove to fork : metal presence in the Guayas Estuary (Ecuador) and commercial mangrove crabs. FOODS, 10(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10081880
Chicago author-date
De Cock, Andrée, Niels De Troyer, Marie Anne Eurie Forio, Isabel García Arévalo, Wout Van Echelpoel, Liesbeth Jacxsens, Stijn Luca, et al. 2021. “From Mangrove to Fork : Metal Presence in the Guayas Estuary (Ecuador) and Commercial Mangrove Crabs.” FOODS 10 (8). https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10081880.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Cock, Andrée, Niels De Troyer, Marie Anne Eurie Forio, Isabel García Arévalo, Wout Van Echelpoel, Liesbeth Jacxsens, Stijn Luca, Gijs Du Laing, Filip Tack, Luis Dominguez Granda, and Peter Goethals. 2021. “From Mangrove to Fork : Metal Presence in the Guayas Estuary (Ecuador) and Commercial Mangrove Crabs.” FOODS 10 (8). doi:10.3390/foods10081880.
Vancouver
1.
De Cock A, De Troyer N, Forio MAE, García Arévalo I, Van Echelpoel W, Jacxsens L, et al. From mangrove to fork : metal presence in the Guayas Estuary (Ecuador) and commercial mangrove crabs. FOODS. 2021;10(8).
IEEE
[1]
A. De Cock et al., “From mangrove to fork : metal presence in the Guayas Estuary (Ecuador) and commercial mangrove crabs,” FOODS, vol. 10, no. 8, 2021.
@article{8717773,
  abstract     = {{Mangrove wetlands provide essential ecosystem services such as coastal protection and fisheries. Metal pollution due to industrial and agricultural activities represents an issue of growing concern for the Guayas River Basin and related mangroves in Ecuador. Fisheries and the related human consumption of mangrove crabs are in need of scientific support. In order to protect human health and aid river management, we analyzed several elements in the Guayas Estuary. Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, As, Pb, Cd, and Hg accumulation were assessed in different compartments of the commercial red mangrove crab Ucides occidentalis (hepatopancreas, carapax, and white meat) and the environment (sediment, leaves, and water), sampled at fifteen sites over five stations. Consistent spatial distribution of metals in the Guayas estuary was found. Nickel levels in the sediment warn for ecological caution. The presence of As in the crabs generated potential concerns on the consumers’ health, and a maximum intake of eight crabs per month for adults is advised. The research outcomes are of global importance for at least nine Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The results presented can support raising awareness about the ongoing contamination of food and their related ecosystems and the corresponding consequences for environmental and human health worldwide.}},
  articleno    = {{1880}},
  author       = {{De Cock, Andrée and De Troyer, Niels and Forio, Marie Anne Eurie and García Arévalo, Isabel and Van Echelpoel, Wout and Jacxsens, Liesbeth and Luca, Stijn and Du Laing, Gijs and Tack, Filip and Dominguez Granda, Luis and Goethals, Peter}},
  issn         = {{2304-8158}},
  journal      = {{FOODS}},
  keywords     = {{risk assessment,environmental evaluation,consumer health,HEALTH-RISK ASSESSMENT,HEAVY-METALS,RIVER-BASIN,ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS,ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS,SURFACE SEDIMENTS,WATER COLUMN,TRACE-METALS,EXPOSURE,ECOSYSTEMS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{8}},
  pages        = {{18}},
  title        = {{From mangrove to fork : metal presence in the Guayas Estuary (Ecuador) and commercial mangrove crabs}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods10081880}},
  volume       = {{10}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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