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Profiles of maladaptive school motivation among high-ability adolescents : a person-centered exploration of the motivational Pathways to Underachievement model

(2021) JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE. 88. p.146-161
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Abstract
Introduction: The Pathways to Underachievement model (PUM; Snyder & Linnenbrink-Garcia, 2013) is a person-oriented framework identifying two distinct patterns of self- and value beliefs that help explain underachievement among cognitively highly able students. This framework was developed to clear up inconclusive findings from variable-centered underachievement research, but has not been previously empirically tested. Methods: The present study aimed to test the PUM by investigating (a) whether the predicted motivational profiles are evident among a sample of high-ability students (IQ ? 120) beginning secondary school in Flanders, Belgium (N = 403, Mage = 12.2 years, 60.5% males) and (b) whether these profiles relate to students? (dis)engagement from and (under)achievement in school, as assessed by the students, their parents and teachers, and school grades. Latent profile analysis was performed on five motivational dimensions: academic self-concept, self-worth contingency, task value beliefs, entity beliefs, and attainment/utility value, and outcomes were compared across profiles using the BCH method. Results: Latent profile analysis identified four profiles, each involving a distinct patterns of motivational variables. Two of the profiles exhibited maladaptive variable patterns consistent with the distinct profiles theorized by the PUM. Furthermore, profile differences in (dis) engagement and (under)achievement outcomes generally corresponded with the predictions of the PUM across multiple perspectives. Conclusion: This study found distinct maladaptive motivational profiles that were each linked to the outcomes hypothesized by the PUM. These findings establish empirically that there are qualitatively different types of high-ability underachievers, which supports the Pathways to Underachievement model and gives momentum to person-oriented analysis within underachievement research.
Keywords
Underachievement, Gifted students, Motivational profiles, Person-oriented analysis, TALENT, giftedness

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MLA
Ramos, Alicia, et al. “Profiles of Maladaptive School Motivation among High-Ability Adolescents : A Person-Centered Exploration of the Motivational Pathways to Underachievement Model.” JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE, vol. 88, 2021, pp. 146–61, doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.03.001.
APA
Ramos, A., Lavrijsen, J., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Sypré, S., & Verschueren, K. (2021). Profiles of maladaptive school motivation among high-ability adolescents : a person-centered exploration of the motivational Pathways to Underachievement model. JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE, 88, 146–161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.03.001
Chicago author-date
Ramos, Alicia, Jeroen Lavrijsen, Bart Soenens, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Sabine Sypré, and Karine Verschueren. 2021. “Profiles of Maladaptive School Motivation among High-Ability Adolescents : A Person-Centered Exploration of the Motivational Pathways to Underachievement Model.” JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE 88: 146–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.03.001.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ramos, Alicia, Jeroen Lavrijsen, Bart Soenens, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Sabine Sypré, and Karine Verschueren. 2021. “Profiles of Maladaptive School Motivation among High-Ability Adolescents : A Person-Centered Exploration of the Motivational Pathways to Underachievement Model.” JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE 88: 146–161. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.03.001.
Vancouver
1.
Ramos A, Lavrijsen J, Soenens B, Vansteenkiste M, Sypré S, Verschueren K. Profiles of maladaptive school motivation among high-ability adolescents : a person-centered exploration of the motivational Pathways to Underachievement model. JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE. 2021;88:146–61.
IEEE
[1]
A. Ramos, J. Lavrijsen, B. Soenens, M. Vansteenkiste, S. Sypré, and K. Verschueren, “Profiles of maladaptive school motivation among high-ability adolescents : a person-centered exploration of the motivational Pathways to Underachievement model,” JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE, vol. 88, pp. 146–161, 2021.
@article{8717696,
  abstract     = {{Introduction: The Pathways to Underachievement model (PUM; Snyder & Linnenbrink-Garcia, 2013) is a person-oriented framework identifying two distinct patterns of self- and value beliefs that help explain underachievement among cognitively highly able students. This framework was developed to clear up inconclusive findings from variable-centered underachievement research, but has not been previously empirically tested.

Methods: The present study aimed to test the PUM by investigating (a) whether the predicted motivational profiles are evident among a sample of high-ability students (IQ ? 120) beginning secondary school in Flanders, Belgium (N = 403, Mage = 12.2 years, 60.5% males) and (b) whether these profiles relate to students? (dis)engagement from and (under)achievement in school, as assessed by the students, their parents and teachers, and school grades. Latent profile analysis was performed on five motivational dimensions: academic self-concept, self-worth contingency, task value beliefs, entity beliefs, and attainment/utility value, and outcomes were compared across profiles using the BCH method.

Results: Latent profile analysis identified four profiles, each involving a distinct patterns of motivational variables. Two of the profiles exhibited maladaptive variable patterns consistent with the distinct profiles theorized by the PUM. Furthermore, profile differences in (dis) engagement and (under)achievement outcomes generally corresponded with the predictions of the PUM across multiple perspectives.

Conclusion: This study found distinct maladaptive motivational profiles that were each linked to the outcomes hypothesized by the PUM. These findings establish empirically that there are qualitatively different types of high-ability underachievers, which supports the Pathways to Underachievement model and gives momentum to person-oriented analysis within underachievement research.}},
  author       = {{Ramos, Alicia and Lavrijsen, Jeroen and Soenens, Bart and Vansteenkiste, Maarten and Sypré, Sabine and Verschueren, Karine}},
  issn         = {{0140-1971}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE}},
  keywords     = {{Underachievement,Gifted students,Motivational profiles,Person-oriented analysis,TALENT,giftedness}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{146--161}},
  title        = {{Profiles of maladaptive school motivation among high-ability adolescents : a person-centered exploration of the motivational Pathways to Underachievement model}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.03.001}},
  volume       = {{88}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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