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Adopting the situation in school questionnaire to examine physical education teachers’ motivating and demotivating styles using a circumplex approach

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Abstract
Grounded in SDT, several studies have highlighted the role of teachers’ motivating and demotivating styles for students’ motivation, learning, and physical activity in physical education (PE). However, most of these studies focused on a restricted number of motivating strategies (e.g., offering choice) or dimensions (e.g., autonomy support). Recently, researchers have developed the Situations-in-School (i.e., SIS-Education) questionnaire, which allows one to gain a more integrative and fine-grained insight into teachers’ engagement in autonomy-support, structure, control, and chaos through a circular structure (i.e., a circumplex). Although teaching in PE resembles teaching in academic courses in many ways, some of the items of the original situation-based questionnaire (e.g., regarding homework) are irrelevant to the PE context. In the present study, we therefore sought to develop a modified, PE-friendly version of this earlier validated SIS-questionnaire—the SIS-PE. Findings in a sample of Belgian (N = 136) and French (N = 259) PE teachers, examined together and as independent samples, showed that the variation in PE teachers’ motivating styles in this adapted version is also best captured by a circumplex structure, with four overarching styles and eight subareas differing in their level of need support and directiveness. The SIS-PE possesses excellent convergent and concurrent validity. With the adaptations being successful, great opportunities for future research on PE teachers (de-)motivating styles are created.
Keywords
autonomy support, structure, control, motivation to teach, need support, self-determination theory

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MLA
Escriva-Boulley, Géraldine, et al. “Adopting the Situation in School Questionnaire to Examine Physical Education Teachers’ Motivating and Demotivating Styles Using a Circumplex Approach.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 18, no. 14, 2021, doi:10.3390/ijerph18147342.
APA
Escriva-Boulley, G., Guillet-Descas, E., Aelterman, N., Vansteenkiste, M., Van Doren, N., Lentillon-Kaestner, V., & Haerens, L. (2021). Adopting the situation in school questionnaire to examine physical education teachers’ motivating and demotivating styles using a circumplex approach. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 18(14). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147342
Chicago author-date
Escriva-Boulley, Géraldine, Emma Guillet-Descas, Nathalie Aelterman, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Nele Van Doren, Vanessa Lentillon-Kaestner, and Leen Haerens. 2021. “Adopting the Situation in School Questionnaire to Examine Physical Education Teachers’ Motivating and Demotivating Styles Using a Circumplex Approach.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 18 (14). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147342.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Escriva-Boulley, Géraldine, Emma Guillet-Descas, Nathalie Aelterman, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Nele Van Doren, Vanessa Lentillon-Kaestner, and Leen Haerens. 2021. “Adopting the Situation in School Questionnaire to Examine Physical Education Teachers’ Motivating and Demotivating Styles Using a Circumplex Approach.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 18 (14). doi:10.3390/ijerph18147342.
Vancouver
1.
Escriva-Boulley G, Guillet-Descas E, Aelterman N, Vansteenkiste M, Van Doren N, Lentillon-Kaestner V, et al. Adopting the situation in school questionnaire to examine physical education teachers’ motivating and demotivating styles using a circumplex approach. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2021;18(14).
IEEE
[1]
G. Escriva-Boulley et al., “Adopting the situation in school questionnaire to examine physical education teachers’ motivating and demotivating styles using a circumplex approach,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 18, no. 14, 2021.
@article{8716744,
  abstract     = {{Grounded in SDT, several studies have highlighted the role of teachers’ motivating and
demotivating styles for students’ motivation, learning, and physical activity in physical education
(PE). However, most of these studies focused on a restricted number of motivating strategies (e.g.,
offering choice) or dimensions (e.g., autonomy support). Recently, researchers have developed the
Situations-in-School (i.e., SIS-Education) questionnaire, which allows one to gain a more integrative
and fine-grained insight into teachers’ engagement in autonomy-support, structure, control, and
chaos through a circular structure (i.e., a circumplex). Although teaching in PE resembles teaching
in academic courses in many ways, some of the items of the original situation-based questionnaire
(e.g., regarding homework) are irrelevant to the PE context. In the present study, we therefore sought
to develop a modified, PE-friendly version of this earlier validated SIS-questionnaire—the SIS-PE.
Findings in a sample of Belgian (N = 136) and French (N = 259) PE teachers, examined together and
as independent samples, showed that the variation in PE teachers’ motivating styles in this adapted
version is also best captured by a circumplex structure, with four overarching styles and eight
subareas differing in their level of need support and directiveness. The SIS-PE possesses excellent
convergent and concurrent validity. With the adaptations being successful, great opportunities for
future research on PE teachers (de-)motivating styles are created.}},
  articleno    = {{7342}},
  author       = {{Escriva-Boulley, Géraldine and Guillet-Descas, Emma and Aelterman, Nathalie and Vansteenkiste, Maarten and Van Doren, Nele and Lentillon-Kaestner, Vanessa and Haerens, Leen}},
  issn         = {{1660-4601}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH}},
  keywords     = {{autonomy support,structure,control,motivation to teach,need support,self-determination theory}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{14}},
  pages        = {{27}},
  title        = {{Adopting the situation in school questionnaire to examine physical education teachers’ motivating and demotivating styles using a circumplex approach}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147342}},
  volume       = {{18}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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