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Under pressure : the impact of invoking the two year rule within the context of deep sea mining in the Area

Klaas Willaert (UGent)
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Abstract
At the end of June 2021, Nauru requested the ISA Council to complete the adoption of the rules, regulations and procedures necessary to facilitate the approval of plans of work for exploitation in the Area within two years’ time, pursuant to Section 1(15) of the Annex to the 1994 Implementation Agreement. If the exploitation regulations are not completed within that timeframe and an application for exploitation activities is pending, the Council must nonetheless consider it, but it is unclear on what basis such an application would need to be evaluated and what the nature and effects of a provisional approval are. In order to assess the precise impact and aftermath of invoking the ‘two year rule’, this short article explores the different legal interpretations and provides thoughts on the way forward.
Keywords
law of the sea, the Area, International Seabed Authority, deep sea mining, two year rule

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Citation

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MLA
Willaert, Klaas. “Under Pressure : The Impact of Invoking the Two Year Rule within the Context of Deep Sea Mining in the Area.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW, vol. 36, no. 3, 2021, pp. 505–13, doi:10.1163/15718085-bja10068.
APA
Willaert, K. (2021). Under pressure : the impact of invoking the two year rule within the context of deep sea mining in the Area. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW, 36(3), 505–513. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718085-bja10068
Chicago author-date
Willaert, Klaas. 2021. “Under Pressure : The Impact of Invoking the Two Year Rule within the Context of Deep Sea Mining in the Area.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW 36 (3): 505–13. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718085-bja10068.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Willaert, Klaas. 2021. “Under Pressure : The Impact of Invoking the Two Year Rule within the Context of Deep Sea Mining in the Area.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW 36 (3): 505–513. doi:10.1163/15718085-bja10068.
Vancouver
1.
Willaert K. Under pressure : the impact of invoking the two year rule within the context of deep sea mining in the Area. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW. 2021;36(3):505–13.
IEEE
[1]
K. Willaert, “Under pressure : the impact of invoking the two year rule within the context of deep sea mining in the Area,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 505–513, 2021.
@article{8715397,
  abstract     = {{At the end of June 2021, Nauru requested the ISA Council to complete the adoption of the rules, regulations and procedures necessary to facilitate the approval of plans of work for exploitation in the Area within two years’ time, pursuant to Section 1(15) of the Annex to the 1994 Implementation Agreement. If the exploitation regulations are not completed within that timeframe and an application for exploitation activities is pending, the Council must nonetheless consider it, but it is unclear on what basis such an application would need to be evaluated and what the nature and effects of a provisional approval are. In order to assess the precise impact and aftermath of invoking the ‘two year rule’, this short article explores the different legal interpretations and provides thoughts on the way forward.}},
  author       = {{Willaert, Klaas}},
  issn         = {{0927-3522}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW}},
  keywords     = {{law of the sea,the Area,International Seabed Authority,deep sea mining,two year rule}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{505--513}},
  title        = {{Under pressure : the impact of invoking the two year rule within the context of deep sea mining in the Area}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15718085-bja10068}},
  volume       = {{36}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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