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A multidisciplinary analysis of cesspits from late medieval and post-medieval Brussels, Belgium : diet and health in the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries

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Abstract
The fill of two late and post-medieval cesspits in Brussels was analyzed using a multidisciplinary approach, including the study of macrobotanical and faunal remains, pollen, and parasite eggs. These show that in the diet plant foods were dominated by cereals while the animal remains document the consumption of mainly fish and birds. The presence of foods that were luxuries at that time would indicate that these were affluent households, although with an admixture of meals related to those of lower socioeconomic status. Seven species of helminth and protozoal parasites were identified, with dominance of those species spread by poor sanitation.
Keywords
Archaeology, Geography, Planning and Development, Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), History, Archaeobotany, Archaeozoology, Belgium, Brussels, Latrines, Palaeoparasitology, Palynology, INTESTINAL PARASITES, REMAINS, CONSUMPTION, INDICATORS, FLANDERS, LATRINE, POLLEN, LATVIA, PERIOD, RIGA

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MLA
De Cupere, Bea, et al. “A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Cesspits from Late Medieval and Post-Medieval Brussels, Belgium : Diet and Health in the Fourteenth to Seventeenth Centuries.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY, 2022, doi:10.1007/s10761-021-00613-8.
APA
De Cupere, B., Speleers, L., Mitchell, P. D., Degraeve, A., Meganck, M., Bennion-Pedley, E., … Deforce, K. (2022). A multidisciplinary analysis of cesspits from late medieval and post-medieval Brussels, Belgium : diet and health in the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10761-021-00613-8
Chicago author-date
De Cupere, Bea, Lien Speleers, Piers D. Mitchell, Ann Degraeve, Marc Meganck, Emma Bennion-Pedley, Ariadin K. Jones, Marissa L. Ledger, and Koen Deforce. 2022. “A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Cesspits from Late Medieval and Post-Medieval Brussels, Belgium : Diet and Health in the Fourteenth to Seventeenth Centuries.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10761-021-00613-8.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Cupere, Bea, Lien Speleers, Piers D. Mitchell, Ann Degraeve, Marc Meganck, Emma Bennion-Pedley, Ariadin K. Jones, Marissa L. Ledger, and Koen Deforce. 2022. “A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Cesspits from Late Medieval and Post-Medieval Brussels, Belgium : Diet and Health in the Fourteenth to Seventeenth Centuries.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY. doi:10.1007/s10761-021-00613-8.
Vancouver
1.
De Cupere B, Speleers L, Mitchell PD, Degraeve A, Meganck M, Bennion-Pedley E, et al. A multidisciplinary analysis of cesspits from late medieval and post-medieval Brussels, Belgium : diet and health in the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY. 2022;
IEEE
[1]
B. De Cupere et al., “A multidisciplinary analysis of cesspits from late medieval and post-medieval Brussels, Belgium : diet and health in the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY, 2022.
@article{8714683,
  abstract     = {{The fill of two late and post-medieval cesspits in Brussels was analyzed using a multidisciplinary approach, including the study of macrobotanical and faunal remains, pollen, and parasite eggs. These show that in the diet plant foods were dominated by cereals while the animal remains document the consumption of mainly fish and birds. The presence of foods that were luxuries at that time would indicate that these were affluent households, although with an admixture of meals related to those of lower socioeconomic status. Seven species of helminth and protozoal parasites were identified, with dominance of those species spread by poor sanitation.}},
  author       = {{De Cupere, Bea and Speleers, Lien and Mitchell, Piers D. and Degraeve, Ann and Meganck, Marc and Bennion-Pedley, Emma and Jones, Ariadin K. and Ledger, Marissa L. and Deforce, Koen}},
  issn         = {{1092-7697}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{Archaeology,Geography,Planning and Development,Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous),History,Archaeobotany,Archaeozoology,Belgium,Brussels,Latrines,Palaeoparasitology,Palynology,INTESTINAL PARASITES,REMAINS,CONSUMPTION,INDICATORS,FLANDERS,LATRINE,POLLEN,LATVIA,PERIOD,RIGA}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  title        = {{A multidisciplinary analysis of cesspits from late medieval and post-medieval Brussels, Belgium : diet and health in the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10761-021-00613-8}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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