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The impact of strict measures as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic on the spatial pattern of the demand for police : case study Antwerp (Belgium)

Maite Dewinter (UGent) , Christophe Vandeviver (UGent) , Philipp M. Dau (UGent) , Tom Vander Beken (UGent) and Frank Witlox (UGent)
(2021) CRIME SCIENCE. 10(1).
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Abstract
COVID-19 impacts the daily lives of millions of people. This radical change in our daily activities affected many aspects of life, but acted as well as a natural experiment for research into the spatial distribution of 911 calls. We analyse the impact of the COVID-19 measures on the spatial pattern of police interventions. Crime is not uniformly distributed across street segments, but how does COVID-19 affect these spatial patterns? To this end, Gini coefficients are calculated and a proportion differences spatial point pattern test is applied to compare the similarity of the patterns of incidents before, during, and after the first lockdown in Antwerp, Belgium. With only essential mobility being allowed, the emergency call pattern has not significantly changed before, during or after this lockdown, however, a qualitative shift in police officer's daily work may have had an effect on the daily operation of the Antwerp police force.
Keywords
spatial point pattern test, police demand, lockdown, Street segments, Emergency call data, CRIME CONCENTRATION, CRIMINOLOGY, MODEL, LAW

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MLA
Dewinter, Maite, et al. “The Impact of Strict Measures as a Result of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Spatial Pattern of the Demand for Police : Case Study Antwerp (Belgium).” CRIME SCIENCE, vol. 10, no. 1, 2021, doi:10.1186/s40163-021-00156-7.
APA
Dewinter, M., Vandeviver, C., Dau, P. M., Vander Beken, T., & Witlox, F. (2021). The impact of strict measures as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic on the spatial pattern of the demand for police : case study Antwerp (Belgium). CRIME SCIENCE, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40163-021-00156-7
Chicago author-date
Dewinter, Maite, Christophe Vandeviver, Philipp M. Dau, Tom Vander Beken, and Frank Witlox. 2021. “The Impact of Strict Measures as a Result of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Spatial Pattern of the Demand for Police : Case Study Antwerp (Belgium).” CRIME SCIENCE 10 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40163-021-00156-7.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dewinter, Maite, Christophe Vandeviver, Philipp M. Dau, Tom Vander Beken, and Frank Witlox. 2021. “The Impact of Strict Measures as a Result of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Spatial Pattern of the Demand for Police : Case Study Antwerp (Belgium).” CRIME SCIENCE 10 (1). doi:10.1186/s40163-021-00156-7.
Vancouver
1.
Dewinter M, Vandeviver C, Dau PM, Vander Beken T, Witlox F. The impact of strict measures as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic on the spatial pattern of the demand for police : case study Antwerp (Belgium). CRIME SCIENCE. 2021;10(1).
IEEE
[1]
M. Dewinter, C. Vandeviver, P. M. Dau, T. Vander Beken, and F. Witlox, “The impact of strict measures as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic on the spatial pattern of the demand for police : case study Antwerp (Belgium),” CRIME SCIENCE, vol. 10, no. 1, 2021.
@article{8714519,
  abstract     = {{COVID-19 impacts the daily lives of millions of people. This radical change in our daily activities affected many aspects of life, but acted as well as a natural experiment for research into the spatial distribution of 911 calls. We analyse the impact of the COVID-19 measures on the spatial pattern of police interventions. Crime is not uniformly distributed across street segments, but how does COVID-19 affect these spatial patterns? To this end, Gini coefficients are calculated and a proportion differences spatial point pattern test is applied to compare the similarity of the patterns of incidents before, during, and after the first lockdown in Antwerp, Belgium. With only essential mobility being allowed, the emergency call pattern has not significantly changed before, during or after this lockdown, however, a qualitative shift in police officer's daily work may have had an effect on the daily operation of the Antwerp police force.}},
  articleno    = {{20}},
  author       = {{Dewinter, Maite and Vandeviver, Christophe and Dau, Philipp M. and Vander Beken, Tom and Witlox, Frank}},
  issn         = {{2193-7680}},
  journal      = {{CRIME SCIENCE}},
  keywords     = {{spatial point pattern test,police demand,lockdown,Street segments,Emergency call data,CRIME CONCENTRATION,CRIMINOLOGY,MODEL,LAW}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{12}},
  title        = {{The impact of strict measures as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic on the spatial pattern of the demand for police : case study Antwerp (Belgium)}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40163-021-00156-7}},
  volume       = {{10}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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