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Cattle farmers' perception of biosecurity measures and the main predictors of behaviour change : the first European-wide pilot study

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Abstract
The importance of biosecurity as a strategy to prevent and control infectious diseases has increased substantially over the last few decades. Several studies have reported a low implementation level of biosecurity measures (BSM), particularly in cattle farms. In addition, a recent study demonstrated that cattle farmers are well aware of the recommended BSM and recognize them as more effective (in terms of time and costs) than treatment for disease. Therefore, other factors must be considered when it comes to understanding the decision-making process followed by a farmer regarding the adoption of BSM. This study analysed the possible influence of five mental constructs described in the health belief model (HBM) on the adoption of BSM and assessed the possible association of these constructs with different demographic and socio-psychological factors. Through an online survey, 988 questionnaires were completed by cattle farmers originating from Belgium, France, Germany, Spain and the Netherlands. The study revealed that the actual implementation of the BSM seems to be significantly influenced by the farmers' perception of the measures' benefits and the perception of health responsibility. Both constructs are influenced by the farmers' personality in terms of risk aversion and biosecurity knowledge. It was also found that organic farmers had a significantly lower perception of the BSM benefits and of their responsibility towards animal, public and environmental health when compared with other types of farmer. Organic farmers in this study seemed less likely to implement biosecurity measures. To increase the adoption of BSM by cattle farmers, it is therefore important to emphasise the actual evidence-based benefits of the measures and to investigate further how to strengthen cattle farmers' sense of responsibility towards animal, public and environmental health.
Keywords
HEALTH BELIEF MODEL, DISEASE PREVENTION, DETERMINANTS, ADOPTION, CONSTRAINTS, ATTITUDES, behaviour, biosecurity measures, bovine viral diarrhoea, brucellosis, calf diarrhoea, cattle farmers, health belief model, organic farming, practices, risk perception

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MLA
Renault, Veronique, et al. “Cattle Farmers’ Perception of Biosecurity Measures and the Main Predictors of Behaviour Change : The First European-Wide Pilot Study.” TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES, 2020, doi:10.1111/tbed.13935.
APA
Renault, V., Damiaans, B., Humblet, M.-F., Jimenez Ruiz, S., Garcia Bocanegra, I., Brennan, M. L., … Saegerman, C. (2020). Cattle farmers’ perception of biosecurity measures and the main predictors of behaviour change : the first European-wide pilot study. TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13935
Chicago author-date
Renault, Veronique, Bert Damiaans, Marie-France Humblet, Saul Jimenez Ruiz, Ignacio Garcia Bocanegra, Marnie L. Brennan, Jordi Casal, et al. 2020. “Cattle Farmers’ Perception of Biosecurity Measures and the Main Predictors of Behaviour Change : The First European-Wide Pilot Study.” TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13935.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Renault, Veronique, Bert Damiaans, Marie-France Humblet, Saul Jimenez Ruiz, Ignacio Garcia Bocanegra, Marnie L. Brennan, Jordi Casal, Etienne Petit, Laura Pieper, Celine Simoneit, Isabelle Tourette, Linda van Wuyckhuise, Steven Sarrazin, Jeroen Dewulf, and Claude Saegerman. 2020. “Cattle Farmers’ Perception of Biosecurity Measures and the Main Predictors of Behaviour Change : The First European-Wide Pilot Study.” TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES. doi:10.1111/tbed.13935.
Vancouver
1.
Renault V, Damiaans B, Humblet M-F, Jimenez Ruiz S, Garcia Bocanegra I, Brennan ML, et al. Cattle farmers’ perception of biosecurity measures and the main predictors of behaviour change : the first European-wide pilot study. TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES. 2020;
IEEE
[1]
V. Renault et al., “Cattle farmers’ perception of biosecurity measures and the main predictors of behaviour change : the first European-wide pilot study,” TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES, 2020.
@article{8711592,
  abstract     = {{The importance of biosecurity as a strategy to prevent and control infectious diseases has increased substantially over the last few decades. Several studies have reported a low implementation level of biosecurity measures (BSM), particularly in cattle farms. In addition, a recent study demonstrated that cattle farmers are well aware of the recommended BSM and recognize them as more effective (in terms of time and costs) than treatment for disease. Therefore, other factors must be considered when it comes to understanding the decision-making process followed by a farmer regarding the adoption of BSM. This study analysed the possible influence of five mental constructs described in the health belief model (HBM) on the adoption of BSM and assessed the possible association of these constructs with different demographic and socio-psychological factors. Through an online survey, 988 questionnaires were completed by cattle farmers originating from Belgium, France, Germany, Spain and the Netherlands. The study revealed that the actual implementation of the BSM seems to be significantly influenced by the farmers' perception of the measures' benefits and the perception of health responsibility. Both constructs are influenced by the farmers' personality in terms of risk aversion and biosecurity knowledge. It was also found that organic farmers had a significantly lower perception of the BSM benefits and of their responsibility towards animal, public and environmental health when compared with other types of farmer. Organic farmers in this study seemed less likely to implement biosecurity measures. To increase the adoption of BSM by cattle farmers, it is therefore important to emphasise the actual evidence-based benefits of the measures and to investigate further how to strengthen cattle farmers' sense of responsibility towards animal, public and environmental health.}},
  author       = {{Renault, Veronique and Damiaans, Bert and Humblet, Marie-France and Jimenez Ruiz, Saul and Garcia Bocanegra, Ignacio and Brennan, Marnie L. and Casal, Jordi and Petit, Etienne and Pieper, Laura and Simoneit, Celine and Tourette, Isabelle and van Wuyckhuise, Linda and Sarrazin, Steven and Dewulf, Jeroen and Saegerman, Claude}},
  issn         = {{1865-1674}},
  journal      = {{TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES}},
  keywords     = {{HEALTH BELIEF MODEL,DISEASE PREVENTION,DETERMINANTS,ADOPTION,CONSTRAINTS,ATTITUDES,behaviour,biosecurity measures,bovine viral diarrhoea,brucellosis,calf diarrhoea,cattle farmers,health belief model,organic farming,practices,risk perception}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{15}},
  title        = {{Cattle farmers' perception of biosecurity measures and the main predictors of behaviour change : the first European-wide pilot study}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13935}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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