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Clinical and diagnostic findings in a dog and a cat with congenital hypothyroidism

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Abstract
A seven-year-old Miniature Schnauzer and a 16-month-old Domestic shorthair with clinical features of disproportionate dwarfism, presented with progressive thoracolumbar and cervical myelopathies, respectively. CT and MR imaging were performed in both patients revealing multiple thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusions located between T10 and L3 in the dog, and a cervical spinal arachnoid diverticulum at C2 in the cat as the cause for their myelopathic signs. Additionally, epiphysial dysgenesis of the vertebral column and shortened vertebrae were noticed. The history of hypothyroidism in the dog and the low serum thyroxine and elevated thyroid stimulating hormone concentration in the cat, together with the clinical presentations and the skeletal deformities, resulted in the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism in both patients. Congenital hypothyroidism is known to cause vertebral deformities and joint laxity, which possibly contributed in both cases to the development of the myelopathic disorders. Surgical treatment, combined with levothyroxine therapy, resulted in successful outcomes.
Keywords
MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS TYPE VI, ADULT-ONSET HYPOTHYROIDISM, SPINAL, ARACHNOID CYST, SUBARACHNOID CYST, GOITER, HYPOPLASIA, DWARFISM, MUTATION, DISEASES, FAMILY, canine, feline, dwarfism, Computed tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance, imaging (MRI)

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MLA
Hermans, Michelle, et al. “Clinical and Diagnostic Findings in a Dog and a Cat with Congenital Hypothyroidism.” VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS, vol. 8, no. 4, 2020, doi:10.1136/vetreccr-2020-001300.
APA
Hermans, M., Burger, N. C., Kromhout, K., Bhatti, S., & Cornelis, I. (2020). Clinical and diagnostic findings in a dog and a cat with congenital hypothyroidism. VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS, 8(4). https://doi.org/10.1136/vetreccr-2020-001300
Chicago author-date
Hermans, Michelle, Nienke Christina Burger, Kaatje Kromhout, Sofie Bhatti, and Ine Cornelis. 2020. “Clinical and Diagnostic Findings in a Dog and a Cat with Congenital Hypothyroidism.” VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS 8 (4). https://doi.org/10.1136/vetreccr-2020-001300.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hermans, Michelle, Nienke Christina Burger, Kaatje Kromhout, Sofie Bhatti, and Ine Cornelis. 2020. “Clinical and Diagnostic Findings in a Dog and a Cat with Congenital Hypothyroidism.” VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS 8 (4). doi:10.1136/vetreccr-2020-001300.
Vancouver
1.
Hermans M, Burger NC, Kromhout K, Bhatti S, Cornelis I. Clinical and diagnostic findings in a dog and a cat with congenital hypothyroidism. VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS. 2020;8(4).
IEEE
[1]
M. Hermans, N. C. Burger, K. Kromhout, S. Bhatti, and I. Cornelis, “Clinical and diagnostic findings in a dog and a cat with congenital hypothyroidism,” VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS, vol. 8, no. 4, 2020.
@article{8709218,
  abstract     = {{A seven-year-old Miniature Schnauzer and a 16-month-old Domestic shorthair with clinical features of disproportionate dwarfism, presented with progressive thoracolumbar and cervical myelopathies, respectively. CT and MR imaging were performed in both patients revealing multiple thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusions located between T10 and L3 in the dog, and a cervical spinal arachnoid diverticulum at C2 in the cat as the cause for their myelopathic signs. Additionally, epiphysial dysgenesis of the vertebral column and shortened vertebrae were noticed. The history of hypothyroidism in the dog and the low serum thyroxine and elevated thyroid stimulating hormone concentration in the cat, together with the clinical presentations and the skeletal deformities, resulted in the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism in both patients. Congenital hypothyroidism is known to cause vertebral deformities and joint laxity, which possibly contributed in both cases to the development of the myelopathic disorders. Surgical treatment, combined with levothyroxine therapy, resulted in successful outcomes.}},
  articleno    = {{e001300}},
  author       = {{Hermans, Michelle and Burger, Nienke Christina and Kromhout, Kaatje and Bhatti, Sofie and Cornelis, Ine}},
  issn         = {{2052-6121}},
  journal      = {{VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS}},
  keywords     = {{MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS TYPE VI,ADULT-ONSET HYPOTHYROIDISM,SPINAL,ARACHNOID CYST,SUBARACHNOID CYST,GOITER,HYPOPLASIA,DWARFISM,MUTATION,DISEASES,FAMILY,canine,feline,dwarfism,Computed tomography (CT),Magnetic resonance,imaging (MRI)}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{7}},
  title        = {{Clinical and diagnostic findings in a dog and a cat with congenital hypothyroidism}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vetreccr-2020-001300}},
  volume       = {{8}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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