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Examining automatic stereotyping from a propositional perspective : is automatic stereotyping sensitive to relational and validity information?

Tal Moran Yorovich (UGent) , Jamie Cummins (UGent) and Jan De Houwer (UGent)
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Abstract
Research on automatic stereotyping is dominated by the idea that automatic stereotyping reflects the activation of (group-trait) associations. In two preregistered experiments (total N = 391), we tested predictions derived from an alternative perspective that suggests that automatic stereotyping is the result of the activation of propositional representations that, unlike associations, can encode relational information and have truth values. Experiment 1 found that automatic stereotyping is sensitive to the validity of information about pairs of traits and groups. Experiment 2 showed that automatic stereotyping is sensitive to the specific relations (e.g., whether a particular group is more or less friendly than a reference person) between pairs of traits and groups. Interestingly, both experiments found a weaker influence of validity/relational information on automatic stereotyping than on non-automatic stereotyping. We discuss the implications of these findings for research on automatic stereotyping.
Keywords
automatic stereotyping, implicit stereotypes, validity, relational information, propositional representations, IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST, EASIER DONE, ATTITUDES, EXPLICIT, BIAS, COGNITION, WOMEN, MODEL, MALLEABILITY, PREJUDICE

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Moran Yorovich, Tal, et al. “Examining Automatic Stereotyping from a Propositional Perspective : Is Automatic Stereotyping Sensitive to Relational and Validity Information?” PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, vol. 48, no. 7, 2022, pp. 1024–38, doi:10.1177/01461672211024121.
APA
Moran Yorovich, T., Cummins, J., & De Houwer, J. (2022). Examining automatic stereotyping from a propositional perspective : is automatic stereotyping sensitive to relational and validity information? PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, 48(7), 1024–1038. https://doi.org/10.1177/01461672211024121
Chicago author-date
Moran Yorovich, Tal, Jamie Cummins, and Jan De Houwer. 2022. “Examining Automatic Stereotyping from a Propositional Perspective : Is Automatic Stereotyping Sensitive to Relational and Validity Information?” PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN 48 (7): 1024–38. https://doi.org/10.1177/01461672211024121.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Moran Yorovich, Tal, Jamie Cummins, and Jan De Houwer. 2022. “Examining Automatic Stereotyping from a Propositional Perspective : Is Automatic Stereotyping Sensitive to Relational and Validity Information?” PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN 48 (7): 1024–1038. doi:10.1177/01461672211024121.
Vancouver
1.
Moran Yorovich T, Cummins J, De Houwer J. Examining automatic stereotyping from a propositional perspective : is automatic stereotyping sensitive to relational and validity information? PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN. 2022;48(7):1024–38.
IEEE
[1]
T. Moran Yorovich, J. Cummins, and J. De Houwer, “Examining automatic stereotyping from a propositional perspective : is automatic stereotyping sensitive to relational and validity information?,” PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN, vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 1024–1038, 2022.
@article{8708558,
  abstract     = {{Research on automatic stereotyping is dominated by the idea that automatic stereotyping reflects the activation of (group-trait) associations. In two preregistered experiments (total N = 391), we tested predictions derived from an alternative perspective that suggests that automatic stereotyping is the result of the activation of propositional representations that, unlike associations, can encode relational information and have truth values. Experiment 1 found that automatic stereotyping is sensitive to the validity of information about pairs of traits and groups. Experiment 2 showed that automatic stereotyping is sensitive to the specific relations (e.g., whether a particular group is more or less friendly than a reference person) between pairs of traits and groups. Interestingly, both experiments found a weaker influence of validity/relational information on automatic stereotyping than on non-automatic stereotyping. We discuss the implications of these findings for research on automatic stereotyping.}},
  author       = {{Moran Yorovich, Tal and Cummins, Jamie and De Houwer, Jan}},
  issn         = {{0146-1672}},
  journal      = {{PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN}},
  keywords     = {{automatic stereotyping,implicit stereotypes,validity,relational information,propositional representations,IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST,EASIER DONE,ATTITUDES,EXPLICIT,BIAS,COGNITION,WOMEN,MODEL,MALLEABILITY,PREJUDICE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{7}},
  pages        = {{1024--1038}},
  title        = {{Examining automatic stereotyping from a propositional perspective : is automatic stereotyping sensitive to relational and validity information?}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1177/01461672211024121}},
  volume       = {{48}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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