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Wind and solar intermittency and the associated integration challenges : a comprehensive review including the status in the Belgian power system

(2021) ENERGIES. 14(9).
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Abstract
Renewable Energy Sources (RES) have drawn significant attention in the past years to make the transition towards low carbon emissions. On the one hand, the intermittent nature of RES, resulting in variable power generation, hinders their high-level penetration in the power system. On the other hand, RES can aid not only to supply much more eco-friendly energy but also it allows the power system to enhance its stability by ancillary service provision. This article reviews the challenges related to the most intermittent RES utilised in Belgium, that is, wind energy and solar energy. Additionally, wind speed and solar irradiance variations, which are the cause of wind and solar intermittency, are studied. Then, recent techniques to forecast their changes, and approaches to accommodate or mitigate their impacts on the power system, are discussed. Finally, the latest statistics and future situation of RES in the Belgian power system are evaluated.
Keywords
General Computer Science, renewable energy, wind energy, solar energy, intermittency, ancillary services, grid integration, Belgian power system, COVID-19, RENEWABLE ENERGY-SOURCES, NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION, SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, ANCILLARY SERVICES, STORAGE-SYSTEM, NEURAL-NETWORK, STOCHASTIC OPTIMIZATION, BATTERY STORAGE, GENERATION, IMPACT

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Citation

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MLA
Asiaban, Siavash, et al. “Wind and Solar Intermittency and the Associated Integration Challenges : A Comprehensive Review Including the Status in the Belgian Power System.” ENERGIES, vol. 14, no. 9, 2021, doi:10.3390/en14092630.
APA
Asiaban, S., Kayedpour, N., Ebneali Samani, A., Bozalakov, D., De Kooning, J., Crevecoeur, G., & Vandevelde, L. (2021). Wind and solar intermittency and the associated integration challenges : a comprehensive review including the status in the Belgian power system. ENERGIES, 14(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092630
Chicago author-date
Asiaban, Siavash, Nezmin Kayedpour, Arash Ebneali Samani, Dimitar Bozalakov, Jeroen De Kooning, Guillaume Crevecoeur, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2021. “Wind and Solar Intermittency and the Associated Integration Challenges : A Comprehensive Review Including the Status in the Belgian Power System.” ENERGIES 14 (9). https://doi.org/10.3390/en14092630.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Asiaban, Siavash, Nezmin Kayedpour, Arash Ebneali Samani, Dimitar Bozalakov, Jeroen De Kooning, Guillaume Crevecoeur, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2021. “Wind and Solar Intermittency and the Associated Integration Challenges : A Comprehensive Review Including the Status in the Belgian Power System.” ENERGIES 14 (9). doi:10.3390/en14092630.
Vancouver
1.
Asiaban S, Kayedpour N, Ebneali Samani A, Bozalakov D, De Kooning J, Crevecoeur G, et al. Wind and solar intermittency and the associated integration challenges : a comprehensive review including the status in the Belgian power system. ENERGIES. 2021;14(9).
IEEE
[1]
S. Asiaban et al., “Wind and solar intermittency and the associated integration challenges : a comprehensive review including the status in the Belgian power system,” ENERGIES, vol. 14, no. 9, 2021.
@article{8707593,
  abstract     = {{Renewable Energy Sources (RES) have drawn significant attention in the past years to make the transition towards low carbon emissions. On the one hand, the intermittent nature of RES, resulting in variable power generation, hinders their high-level penetration in the power system. On the other hand, RES can aid not only to supply much more eco-friendly energy but also it allows the power system to enhance its stability by ancillary service provision. This article reviews the challenges related to the most intermittent RES utilised in Belgium, that is, wind energy and solar energy. Additionally, wind speed and solar irradiance variations, which are the cause of wind and solar intermittency, are studied. Then, recent techniques to forecast their changes, and approaches to accommodate or mitigate their impacts on the power system, are discussed. Finally, the latest statistics and future situation of RES in the Belgian power system are evaluated.}},
  articleno    = {{2630}},
  author       = {{Asiaban, Siavash and Kayedpour, Nezmin and Ebneali Samani, Arash and Bozalakov, Dimitar and De Kooning, Jeroen and Crevecoeur, Guillaume and Vandevelde, Lieven}},
  issn         = {{1996-1073}},
  journal      = {{ENERGIES}},
  keywords     = {{General Computer Science,renewable energy,wind energy,solar energy,intermittency,ancillary services,grid integration,Belgian power system,COVID-19,RENEWABLE ENERGY-SOURCES,NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION,SUSTAINABLE ENERGY,ANCILLARY SERVICES,STORAGE-SYSTEM,NEURAL-NETWORK,STOCHASTIC OPTIMIZATION,BATTERY STORAGE,GENERATION,IMPACT}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{9}},
  pages        = {{41}},
  title        = {{Wind and solar intermittency and the associated integration challenges : a comprehensive review including the status in the Belgian power system}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en14092630}},
  volume       = {{14}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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