Advanced search
1 file | 868.85 KB Add to list

Do psychological needs play a role in times of uncertainty? Associations with well‑being during the COVID‑19 crisis

Author
Organization
Abstract
Across the world, measures were taken to contain the spreading of the COVID-19 virus. Many of these measures caused a sudden rupture in people's daily routines, thereby eliciting considerable uncertainty and potentially also hampering the satisfaction of individuals' psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence. Drawing upon Maslow's Hierarchical Need Theory and Self-Determination Theory, this study examined the unique role of felt insecurity and the psychological needs, as well as their dynamic interplay, in the prediction of mental health. A large and heterogeneous sample of adults (N = 5118; Mage = 43.45 years) was collected during the first ten days of the lockdown period in Flanders, Belgium. A subsample (N = 835, Mage = 41.39) participated during a second wave one week later. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that felt insecurity, need satisfaction and need frustration all independently predicted various positive (life satisfaction, sleep quality) and negative indicators depressive symptoms, anxiety) of mental health, with little systematic evidence for interactions between the predictors. The pattern of findings obtained concurrently largely held in the longitudinal analyses. Finally, results showed that associations between felt insecurity and lower concurrent and prospective mental health were partially mediated by need satisfaction and frustration, with especially psychological need frustration predicting changes in mental health over time. Overall, the findings suggest that satisfaction of the psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness is not just a 'luxury good'. Satisfaction of these needs is important also in times of insecurity, while need frustration represents a risk factor for maladjustment during such times.
Keywords
Hierarchical needs theory, Insecurity, Basic psychological needs, Self-determination theory, Well-being, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, SLEEP QUALITY INDEX, MENTAL-HEALTH, SATISFACTION, FACILITATION, REDUCE

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 868.85 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Vermote, Branko, et al. “Do Psychological Needs Play a Role in Times of Uncertainty? Associations with Well‑being during the COVID‑19 Crisis.” JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES, vol. 23, 2022, pp. 257–83, doi:10.1007/s10902-021-00398-x.
APA
Vermote, B., Waterschoot, J., Morbée, S., Van der Kaap-Deeder, J., Schrooyen, C., Soenens, B., … Vansteenkiste, M. (2022). Do psychological needs play a role in times of uncertainty? Associations with well‑being during the COVID‑19 crisis. JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES, 23, 257–283. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-021-00398-x
Chicago author-date
Vermote, Branko, Joachim Waterschoot, Sofie Morbée, Jolene Van der Kaap-Deeder, Charlotte Schrooyen, Bart Soenens, Richard Ryan, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2022. “Do Psychological Needs Play a Role in Times of Uncertainty? Associations with Well‑being during the COVID‑19 Crisis.” JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES 23: 257–83. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-021-00398-x.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vermote, Branko, Joachim Waterschoot, Sofie Morbée, Jolene Van der Kaap-Deeder, Charlotte Schrooyen, Bart Soenens, Richard Ryan, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2022. “Do Psychological Needs Play a Role in Times of Uncertainty? Associations with Well‑being during the COVID‑19 Crisis.” JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES 23: 257–283. doi:10.1007/s10902-021-00398-x.
Vancouver
1.
Vermote B, Waterschoot J, Morbée S, Van der Kaap-Deeder J, Schrooyen C, Soenens B, et al. Do psychological needs play a role in times of uncertainty? Associations with well‑being during the COVID‑19 crisis. JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES. 2022;23:257–83.
IEEE
[1]
B. Vermote et al., “Do psychological needs play a role in times of uncertainty? Associations with well‑being during the COVID‑19 crisis,” JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES, vol. 23, pp. 257–283, 2022.
@article{8706332,
  abstract     = {{Across the world, measures were taken to contain the spreading of the COVID-19 virus. Many of these measures caused a sudden rupture in people's daily routines, thereby eliciting considerable uncertainty and potentially also hampering the satisfaction of individuals' psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness, and competence. Drawing upon Maslow's Hierarchical Need Theory and Self-Determination Theory, this study examined the unique role of felt insecurity and the psychological needs, as well as their dynamic interplay, in the prediction of mental health. A large and heterogeneous sample of adults (N = 5118; Mage = 43.45 years) was collected during the first ten days of the lockdown period in Flanders, Belgium. A subsample (N = 835, Mage = 41.39) participated during a second wave one week later. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that felt insecurity, need satisfaction and need frustration all independently predicted various positive (life satisfaction, sleep quality) and negative indicators depressive symptoms, anxiety) of mental health, with little systematic evidence for interactions between the predictors. The pattern of findings obtained concurrently largely held in the longitudinal analyses. Finally, results showed that associations between felt insecurity and lower concurrent and prospective mental health were partially mediated by need satisfaction and frustration, with especially psychological need frustration predicting changes in mental health over time. Overall, the findings suggest that satisfaction of the psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness is not just a 'luxury good'. Satisfaction of these needs is important also in times of insecurity, while need frustration represents a risk factor for maladjustment during such times.}},
  author       = {{Vermote, Branko and Waterschoot, Joachim and Morbée, Sofie and Van der Kaap-Deeder, Jolene and Schrooyen, Charlotte and Soenens, Bart and Ryan, Richard and Vansteenkiste, Maarten}},
  issn         = {{1389-4978}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF HAPPINESS STUDIES}},
  keywords     = {{Hierarchical needs theory,Insecurity,Basic psychological needs,Self-determination theory,Well-being,SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY,SLEEP QUALITY INDEX,MENTAL-HEALTH,SATISFACTION,FACILITATION,REDUCE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{257--283}},
  title        = {{Do psychological needs play a role in times of uncertainty? Associations with well‑being during the COVID‑19 crisis}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10902-021-00398-x}},
  volume       = {{23}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: