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An empirical validation study of Spolsky's language policy model

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Abstract
This study investigates Spolsky's conception of language policy as the amalgam of language beliefs, language practices and language management. To the best of our knowledge, no quantitative evidence has ever been produced for his theoretical model. The current paper addressed this void, albeit specifically in the domain of Early Childhood Care and Education - scarce in terms of language policy research, but vital for children's (multilingual) language development. An Exploratory Factor Analysis yielded three valid and reliable scales that capture language policy from the perspective of early childhood professionals (N=305) associated with infant welfare clinics in the Flemish Community of Belgium. Furthermore, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis indicated that the three components are 'independent' as well as 'interconnected,' thereby quantitatively corroborating Spolsky's theory. We conclude that language policy is no unitary concept; therefore, if one intends to study language policy holistically, the three indispensable components are to be identified. As a corollary, one simply cannot investigate management without considering beliefs and practices, and vice versa.
Keywords
Linguistics and Language, Education, Language and Linguistics, Language policy, multilingualism, early childhood, health care, linguistic diversity

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MLA
Van Oss, Victoria, et al. “An Empirical Validation Study of Spolsky’s Language Policy Model.” CURRENT ISSUES IN LANGUAGE PLANNING, 2021, pp. 1–19, doi:10.1080/14664208.2021.1907060.
APA
Van Oss, V., Van Avermaet, P., Struys, E., & Vantieghem, W. (2021). An empirical validation study of Spolsky’s language policy model. CURRENT ISSUES IN LANGUAGE PLANNING, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/14664208.2021.1907060
Chicago author-date
Van Oss, Victoria, Piet Van Avermaet, Esli Struys, and Wendelien Vantieghem. 2021. “An Empirical Validation Study of Spolsky’s Language Policy Model.” CURRENT ISSUES IN LANGUAGE PLANNING, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/14664208.2021.1907060.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Oss, Victoria, Piet Van Avermaet, Esli Struys, and Wendelien Vantieghem. 2021. “An Empirical Validation Study of Spolsky’s Language Policy Model.” CURRENT ISSUES IN LANGUAGE PLANNING: 1–19. doi:10.1080/14664208.2021.1907060.
Vancouver
1.
Van Oss V, Van Avermaet P, Struys E, Vantieghem W. An empirical validation study of Spolsky’s language policy model. CURRENT ISSUES IN LANGUAGE PLANNING. 2021;1–19.
IEEE
[1]
V. Van Oss, P. Van Avermaet, E. Struys, and W. Vantieghem, “An empirical validation study of Spolsky’s language policy model,” CURRENT ISSUES IN LANGUAGE PLANNING, pp. 1–19, 2021.
@article{8703406,
  abstract     = {{This study investigates Spolsky's conception of language policy as the amalgam of language beliefs, language practices and language management. To the best of our knowledge, no quantitative evidence has ever been produced for his theoretical model. The current paper addressed this void, albeit specifically in the domain of Early Childhood Care and Education - scarce in terms of language policy research, but vital for children's (multilingual) language development. An Exploratory Factor Analysis yielded three valid and reliable scales that capture language policy from the perspective of early childhood professionals (N=305) associated with infant welfare clinics in the Flemish Community of Belgium. Furthermore, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis indicated that the three components are 'independent' as well as 'interconnected,' thereby quantitatively corroborating Spolsky's theory. We conclude that language policy is no unitary concept; therefore, if one intends to study language policy holistically, the three indispensable components are to be identified. As a corollary, one simply cannot investigate management without considering beliefs and practices, and vice versa.}},
  author       = {{Van Oss, Victoria and Van Avermaet, Piet and Struys, Esli and Vantieghem, Wendelien}},
  issn         = {{1466-4208}},
  journal      = {{CURRENT ISSUES IN LANGUAGE PLANNING}},
  keywords     = {{Linguistics and Language,Education,Language and Linguistics,Language policy,multilingualism,early childhood,health care,linguistic diversity}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{1--19}},
  title        = {{An empirical validation study of Spolsky's language policy model}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14664208.2021.1907060}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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