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Triple-GEM discharge probability studies at CHARM: simulations and experimental results

Author
Abstract
The CMS muon system in the region with 2.03 < vertical bar eta vertical bar < 2.82 is characterized by a very harsh radiation environment which can generate hit rates up to 144 kHz/cm(2) and an integrated charge of 8 C/cm(2) over ten years of operation. In order to increase the detector performance and acceptance for physics events including muons, a new muon station (MEO) has been proposed for installation in that region. The technology proposed is Triple - Gas Electron Multiplier (Triple-GEM), which has already been qualified for the operation in the CMS muon system. However, an additional set of studies focused on the discharge probability is necessary for the ME0 station, because of the large radiation environment mentioned above. A test was carried out in 2017 at the Cern High energy AcceleRator Mixed (CHARM) facility, with the aim of giving an estimation of the discharge probability of Triple-GEM detectors in a very intense radiation field environment, similar to the one of the CMS muon system. A dedicated standalone Geant4 simulation was performed simultaneously, to evaluate the behavior expected in the detector exposed to the CHARM field. The geometry of the detector has been carefully reproduced, as well as the background field present in the facility. This paper presents the results obtained from the Geant4 simulation, in terms of sensitivity of the detector to the CHARM environment, together with the analysis of the energy deposited in the gaps and of the processes developed inside the detector. The discharge probability test performed at CHARM will be presented, with a complete discussion of the results obtained, which turn out to be consistent with measurements performed by other groups.
Keywords
DETECTOR, Detector modelling and simulations I (interaction of radiation with, matter, interaction of photons with matter, interaction of hadrons with, matter, etc), Avalanche-induced secondary effects, Micropattern gaseous, detectors (MSGC, GEM, THGEM, RETHGEM, MHSP, MICROPIC, MICROMEGAS,, InGrid, etc)

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MLA
Abbas, M., et al. “Triple-GEM Discharge Probability Studies at CHARM: Simulations and Experimental Results.” JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, vol. 15, no. 10, Iop Publishing Ltd, 2020, doi:10.1088/1748-0221/15/10/P10013.
APA
Abbas, M., Abbrescia, M., Abdalla, H., Abdelalim, A., AbuZeid, S., Agapitos, A., … Zaleski, S. (2020). Triple-GEM discharge probability studies at CHARM: simulations and experimental results. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 15(10). https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/15/10/P10013
Chicago author-date
Abbas, M., M. Abbrescia, H. Abdalla, A. Abdelalim, S. AbuZeid, A. Agapitos, A. Ahmad, et al. 2020. “Triple-GEM Discharge Probability Studies at CHARM: Simulations and Experimental Results.” JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION 15 (10). https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/15/10/P10013.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Abbas, M., M. Abbrescia, H. Abdalla, A. Abdelalim, S. AbuZeid, A. Agapitos, A. Ahmad, A. Ahmed, W. Ahmed, C. Aime, I Asghar, P. Aspell, C. Avila, J. Babbar, Y. Ban, R. Band, S. Bansal, L. Benussi, V Bhatnagar, M. Bianco, S. Bianco, K. Black, L. Borgonovi, O. Bouhali, A. Braghieri, S. Braibant, S. Butalla, S. Calzaferri, M. Caponero, F. Cassese, N. Cavallo, S. Chauhan, S. Colafranceschi, A. Colaleo, A. Conde Garcia, M. Dalchenko, A. De Iorio, G. De Lentdecker, D. Dell Olio, G. De Robertis, W. Dharmaratna, Sven Dildick, B. Dorney, R. Erbacher, F. Fabozzi, F. Fallavollita, A. Ferraro, D. Fiorina, E. Fontanesi, M. Franco, C. Galloni, P. Giacomelli, S. Gigli, J. Gilmore, M. Gola, M. Gruchala, A. Gutierrez, R. Hadjiiska, T. Hakkarainen, J. Hauser, K. Hoepfner, M. Hohlmann, H. Hoorani, T. Huang, P. Iaydjiev, A. Irshad, A. Iorio, J. Jaramillo, D. Jeong, V Jha, A. Juodagalvis, E. Juska, B. Kailasapathy, T. Kamon, P. Karchin, A. Kaur, H. Kaur, H. Keller, H. Kim, J. Kim, A. Kumar, S. Kumar, H. Kumawat, N. Lacalamita, Jsh Lee, A. Levin, Q. Li, F. Licciulli, L. Lista, K. Liyanage, F. Loddo, M. Lohan, M. Luhach, M. Maggi, N. Majumdar, K. Malagalage, S. Malhorta, S. Martiradonna, N. Mccoll, C. McLean, J. Merlin, D. Mishra, G. Mocellin, L. Moureaux, A. Muhammad, S. Muhammad, S. Mukhopadhyay, M. Naimuddin, P. Netrakanti, S. Nuzzo, R. Oliveira, L. Pant, P. Paolucci, Ic Park, L. Passamonti, G. Passeggio, A. Peck, N. Perera, L. Petre, H. Petrow, D. Piccolo, D. Pierluigi, G. Raffone, M. Rahmani, F. Ramirez, A. Ranieri, G. Rashevski, M. Ressegotti, C. Riccardi, M. Rodozov, E. Romano, Christos Roskas, B. Rossi, P. Rout, Jd Ruiz, A. Russo, A. Safonov, D. Saltzberg, G. Saviano, A. Shah, A. Sharma, R. Sharma, M. Shopova, F. Simone, J. Singh, E. Soldani, U. Sonnadara, E. Starling, B. Stone, J. Sturdy, G. Sultanov, Z. Szillasi, D. Teague, D. Teyssier, T. Tuuva, Michael Tytgat, I Vai, N. Vanegas, R. Venditti, Piet Verwilligen, W. Vetens, A. Virdi, P. Vitulo, A. Wajid, D. Wang, K. Wang, I Watson, N. Wickramage, Ddc Wickramarathna, Y. Yang, U. Yang, J. Yongho, I Yoon, Z. You, I Yu, and S. Zaleski. 2020. “Triple-GEM Discharge Probability Studies at CHARM: Simulations and Experimental Results.” JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION 15 (10). doi:10.1088/1748-0221/15/10/P10013.
Vancouver
1.
Abbas M, Abbrescia M, Abdalla H, Abdelalim A, AbuZeid S, Agapitos A, et al. Triple-GEM discharge probability studies at CHARM: simulations and experimental results. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION. 2020;15(10).
IEEE
[1]
M. Abbas et al., “Triple-GEM discharge probability studies at CHARM: simulations and experimental results,” JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, vol. 15, no. 10, 2020.
@article{8702607,
  abstract     = {{The CMS muon system in the region with 2.03 < vertical bar eta vertical bar < 2.82 is characterized by a very harsh radiation environment which can generate hit rates up to 144 kHz/cm(2) and an integrated charge of 8 C/cm(2) over ten years of operation. In order to increase the detector performance and acceptance for physics events including muons, a new muon station (MEO) has been proposed for installation in that region. The technology proposed is Triple - Gas Electron Multiplier (Triple-GEM), which has already been qualified for the operation in the CMS muon system. However, an additional set of studies focused on the discharge probability is necessary for the ME0 station, because of the large radiation environment mentioned above. A test was carried out in 2017 at the Cern High energy AcceleRator Mixed (CHARM) facility, with the aim of giving an estimation of the discharge probability of Triple-GEM detectors in a very intense radiation field environment, similar to the one of the CMS muon system. A dedicated standalone Geant4 simulation was performed simultaneously, to evaluate the behavior expected in the detector exposed to the CHARM field. The geometry of the detector has been carefully reproduced, as well as the background field present in the facility. This paper presents the results obtained from the Geant4 simulation, in terms of sensitivity of the detector to the CHARM environment, together with the analysis of the energy deposited in the gaps and of the processes developed inside the detector. The discharge probability test performed at CHARM will be presented, with a complete discussion of the results obtained, which turn out to be consistent with measurements performed by other groups.}},
  articleno    = {{P10013}},
  author       = {{Abbas, M. and Abbrescia, M. and Abdalla, H. and Abdelalim, A. and AbuZeid, S. and Agapitos, A. and Ahmad, A. and Ahmed, A. and Ahmed, W. and Aime, C. and Asghar, I and Aspell, P. and Avila, C. and Babbar, J. and Ban, Y. and Band, R. and Bansal, S. and Benussi, L. and Bhatnagar, V and Bianco, M. and Bianco, S. and Black, K. and Borgonovi, L. and Bouhali, O. and Braghieri, A. and Braibant, S. and Butalla, S. and Calzaferri, S. and Caponero, M. and Cassese, F. and Cavallo, N. and Chauhan, S. and Colafranceschi, S. and Colaleo, A. and Garcia, A. Conde and Dalchenko, M. and De Iorio, A. and De Lentdecker, G. and Olio, D. Dell and De Robertis, G. and Dharmaratna, W. and Dildick, Sven and Dorney, B. and Erbacher, R. and Fabozzi, F. and Fallavollita, F. and Ferraro, A. and Fiorina, D. and Fontanesi, E. and Franco, M. and Galloni, C. and Giacomelli, P. and Gigli, S. and Gilmore, J. and Gola, M. and Gruchala, M. and Gutierrez, A. and Hadjiiska, R. and Hakkarainen, T. and Hauser, J. and Hoepfner, K. and Hohlmann, M. and Hoorani, H. and Huang, T. and Iaydjiev, P. and Irshad, A. and Iorio, A. and Jaramillo, J. and Jeong, D. and Jha, V and Juodagalvis, A. and Juska, E. and Kailasapathy, B. and Kamon, T. and Karchin, P. and Kaur, A. and Kaur, H. and Keller, H. and Kim, H. and Kim, J. and Kumar, A. and Kumar, S. and Kumawat, H. and Lacalamita, N. and Lee, Jsh and Levin, A. and Li, Q. and Licciulli, F. and Lista, L. and Liyanage, K. and Loddo, F. and Lohan, M. and Luhach, M. and Maggi, M. and Majumdar, N. and Malagalage, K. and Malhorta, S. and Martiradonna, S. and Mccoll, N. and McLean, C. and Merlin, J. and Mishra, D. and Mocellin, G. and Moureaux, L. and Muhammad, A. and Muhammad, S. and Mukhopadhyay, S. and Naimuddin, M. and Netrakanti, P. and Nuzzo, S. and Oliveira, R. and Pant, L. and Paolucci, P. and Park, Ic and Passamonti, L. and Passeggio, G. and Peck, A. and Perera, N. and Petre, L. and Petrow, H. and Piccolo, D. and Pierluigi, D. and Raffone, G. and Rahmani, M. and Ramirez, F. and Ranieri, A. and Rashevski, G. and Ressegotti, M. and Riccardi, C. and Rodozov, M. and Romano, E. and Roskas, Christos and Rossi, B. and Rout, P. and Ruiz, Jd and Russo, A. and Safonov, A. and Saltzberg, D. and Saviano, G. and Shah, A. and Sharma, A. and Sharma, R. and Shopova, M. and Simone, F. and Singh, J. and Soldani, E. and Sonnadara, U. and Starling, E. and Stone, B. and Sturdy, J. and Sultanov, G. and Szillasi, Z. and Teague, D. and Teyssier, D. and Tuuva, T. and Tytgat, Michael and Vai, I and Vanegas, N. and Venditti, R. and Verwilligen, Piet and Vetens, W. and Virdi, A. and Vitulo, P. and Wajid, A. and Wang, D. and Wang, K. and Watson, I and Wickramage, N. and Wickramarathna, Ddc and Yang, Y. and Yang, U. and Yongho, J. and Yoon, I and You, Z. and Yu, I and Zaleski, S.}},
  issn         = {{1748-0221}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION}},
  keywords     = {{DETECTOR,Detector modelling and simulations I (interaction of radiation with,matter, interaction of photons with matter, interaction of hadrons with,matter, etc),Avalanche-induced secondary effects,Micropattern gaseous,detectors (MSGC, GEM, THGEM, RETHGEM, MHSP, MICROPIC, MICROMEGAS,,InGrid, etc)}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{10}},
  pages        = {{23}},
  publisher    = {{Iop Publishing Ltd}},
  title        = {{Triple-GEM discharge probability studies at CHARM: simulations and experimental results}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/15/10/P10013}},
  volume       = {{15}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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