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Muslim men’s perceptions and attitudes on family planning : a qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya

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Abstract
In patriarchal societies like Kenya, understanding men’s perceptions and attitudes on family planning is critical given their decision-making roles that affect uptake of contraception. Yet, most programmes mainly target women as primary users of contraceptive methods since they bear the burden of pregnancy. However, women-focused approaches tend to overlook gender power dynamics within relationships, with men wielding excessive power that determines contraception use or non-use. A qualitative study involving focus group discussions and in-depth interviews was conducted in the two predominantly Muslim communities of Lamu and Wajir counties, Kenya. Open-ended questions explored perspectives, attitudes and men’s understanding of contraception, family size, decision making on family planning and general views on contraceptive use. Thematic content analysis was used. Findings show that men in Wajir and Lamu held similar viewpoints of family planning as a foreign or western idea and associated family planning with ill health and promiscuity. They believed family planning is a “woman’s affair” that requires little or no input from men. Men from Wajir desired a big family size. There is a need for a shift in family planning programmes to enable men’s positive engagement. The findings from this study can be used to develop culturally appropriate approaches to engage men, challenge negative social norms and foster positive social change to improve uptake of family planning
Keywords
men, perceptions and attitudes, family planning, Islam and contraception, culture

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MLA
Abdi, Batula, et al. “Muslim Men’s Perceptions and Attitudes on Family Planning : A Qualitative Study in Wajir and Lamu Counties in Kenya.” SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MATTERS, vol. 29, no. 1, 2021, doi:10.1080/26410397.2021.1893890.
APA
Abdi, B., Okal, J. O., Serour, G., & Temmerman, M. (2021). Muslim men’s perceptions and attitudes on family planning : a qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya. SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MATTERS, 29(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/26410397.2021.1893890
Chicago author-date
Abdi, Batula, Jerry Okoth Okal, Gamal Serour, and Marleen Temmerman. 2021. “Muslim Men’s Perceptions and Attitudes on Family Planning : A Qualitative Study in Wajir and Lamu Counties in Kenya.” SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MATTERS 29 (1). https://doi.org/10.1080/26410397.2021.1893890.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Abdi, Batula, Jerry Okoth Okal, Gamal Serour, and Marleen Temmerman. 2021. “Muslim Men’s Perceptions and Attitudes on Family Planning : A Qualitative Study in Wajir and Lamu Counties in Kenya.” SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MATTERS 29 (1). doi:10.1080/26410397.2021.1893890.
Vancouver
1.
Abdi B, Okal JO, Serour G, Temmerman M. Muslim men’s perceptions and attitudes on family planning : a qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya. SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MATTERS. 2021;29(1).
IEEE
[1]
B. Abdi, J. O. Okal, G. Serour, and M. Temmerman, “Muslim men’s perceptions and attitudes on family planning : a qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya,” SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MATTERS, vol. 29, no. 1, 2021.
@article{8701533,
  abstract     = {{In patriarchal societies like Kenya, understanding men’s perceptions and attitudes on family
planning is critical given their decision-making roles that affect uptake of contraception. Yet, most
programmes mainly target women as primary users of contraceptive methods since they bear the burden of
pregnancy. However, women-focused approaches tend to overlook gender power dynamics within
relationships, with men wielding excessive power that determines contraception use or non-use. A
qualitative study involving focus group discussions and in-depth interviews was conducted in the two
predominantly Muslim communities of Lamu and Wajir counties, Kenya. Open-ended questions explored
perspectives, attitudes and men’s understanding of contraception, family size, decision making on family
planning and general views on contraceptive use. Thematic content analysis was used. Findings show that
men in Wajir and Lamu held similar viewpoints of family planning as a foreign or western idea and
associated family planning with ill health and promiscuity. They believed family planning is a “woman’s
affair” that requires little or no input from men. Men from Wajir desired a big family size. There is a need for
a shift in family planning programmes to enable men’s positive engagement. The findings from this study
can be used to develop culturally appropriate approaches to engage men, challenge negative social norms
and foster positive social change to improve uptake of family planning}},
  articleno    = {{1893890}},
  author       = {{Abdi, Batula and Okal, Jerry Okoth and Serour, Gamal and Temmerman, Marleen}},
  issn         = {{2641-0397}},
  journal      = {{SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH MATTERS}},
  keywords     = {{men,perceptions and attitudes,family planning,Islam and contraception,culture}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{11}},
  title        = {{Muslim men’s perceptions and attitudes on family planning : a qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/26410397.2021.1893890}},
  volume       = {{29}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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