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The danger of idolatry : constructing the enemy in Picart and Bernard's Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses (1723-1743)

Steff Nellis (UGent)
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Abstract
In both The Book that Changed Europe (2010) and The First Global Vision of Religion (2010) Lynn Hunt, Margaret Jacob, and Wijnand Mijnhardt explore the intriguing Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde (1723-1747) by Bernard Picart and Jean-Frederic Bernard. As shown by the authors, their seven illustrated volumes prepared the ground for religious toleration amidst seemingly unending religious conflict. As Hunt, Jacob, and Mijnhardt mention, Picart and Bernard set the tone for a comparative approach to religion that will be of extreme importance for later ideas on religion in the Enlightenment. What has not yet done is how their interest in idolatrous ceremonies of pagan peoples around the world is part of a contemporary, early modern, Western European discourse on idolatry. As a performance scholar, I am particularly interested in both theatricality and performativity in idolatrous practices and early modern rituals, such as the ceremonies dealt with by Picart and Bernard. In this contribution, I therefore intend to stress the connection between the revival of the discussion about fetishism and idolatry in the early modern world and the work of Picart and Bernard. This discussion was triggered by the erection of the statue for Louis XIV on the Place des Victoires in Paris in 1685 after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes that same year. By protestant huguenots the inauguration rituals for the statue and the veneration for Louis XIV was now criticized as a form of idolatry.
Keywords
Idolatry, Bernard Picart, Jean Frederic Bernard, Louis XIV, Edict of Nantes

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MLA
Nellis, Steff. “The Danger of Idolatry : Constructing the Enemy in Picart and Bernard’s Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses (1723-1743).” Enemies in the Early Modern World 1453-1789, Abstracts, 2021.
APA
Nellis, S. (2021). The danger of idolatry : constructing the enemy in Picart and Bernard’s Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses (1723-1743). In Enemies in the Early Modern World 1453-1789, Abstracts. Online.
Chicago author-date
Nellis, Steff. 2021. “The Danger of Idolatry : Constructing the Enemy in Picart and Bernard’s Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses (1723-1743).” In Enemies in the Early Modern World 1453-1789, Abstracts.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Nellis, Steff. 2021. “The Danger of Idolatry : Constructing the Enemy in Picart and Bernard’s Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses (1723-1743).” In Enemies in the Early Modern World 1453-1789, Abstracts.
Vancouver
1.
Nellis S. The danger of idolatry : constructing the enemy in Picart and Bernard’s Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses (1723-1743). In: Enemies in the Early Modern World 1453-1789, Abstracts. 2021.
IEEE
[1]
S. Nellis, “The danger of idolatry : constructing the enemy in Picart and Bernard’s Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses (1723-1743),” in Enemies in the Early Modern World 1453-1789, Abstracts, Online, 2021.
@inproceedings{8701496,
  abstract     = {{In both The Book that Changed Europe (2010) and The First Global Vision of Religion (2010) Lynn Hunt, Margaret Jacob, and Wijnand Mijnhardt explore the intriguing Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde (1723-1747) by Bernard Picart and Jean-Frederic Bernard. As shown by the authors, their seven illustrated volumes prepared the ground for religious toleration amidst seemingly unending religious conflict. As Hunt, Jacob, and Mijnhardt mention, Picart and Bernard set the tone for a comparative approach to religion that will be of extreme importance for later ideas on religion in the Enlightenment. What has not yet done is how their interest in idolatrous ceremonies of pagan peoples around the world is part of a contemporary, early modern, Western European discourse on idolatry. As a performance scholar, I am particularly interested in both theatricality and performativity in idolatrous practices and early modern rituals, such as the ceremonies dealt with by Picart and Bernard. In this contribution, I therefore intend to stress the connection between the revival of the discussion about fetishism and idolatry in the early modern world and the work of Picart and Bernard. This discussion was triggered by the erection of the statue for Louis XIV on the Place des Victoires in Paris in 1685 after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes that same year. By protestant huguenots the inauguration rituals for the statue and the veneration for Louis XIV was now criticized as a form of idolatry.}},
  author       = {{Nellis, Steff}},
  booktitle    = {{Enemies in the Early Modern World 1453-1789, Abstracts}},
  keywords     = {{Idolatry,Bernard Picart,Jean Frederic Bernard,Louis XIV,Edict of Nantes}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{Online}},
  title        = {{The danger of idolatry : constructing the enemy in Picart and Bernard's Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses (1723-1743)}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}