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Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanismfor leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation

Bastiaan Baccarne (UGent) , Tom Evens (UGent) and Lieven De Marez (UGent)
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Abstract
This article studies the emergence of government-initiated civic crowdfunding platforms. Such platforms can be considered as governmental responses for bottom-up peer-to-peer support mechanisms related to urban innovation, which also allows top-down governance and governmental support systems for civic entrepreneurship. To better understand the implications of these innovative ICT-enabled interaction interfaces for collective urban innovation, this study investigates participation inequalities from the perspective of campaign instigators, using in-depth interviews (N=28), and from the perspective of the citizen-funder, using a survey (N=265). The analysis shows that urban crowdfunding practices mainly contribute to higher-level development of collective identities with increased neighborhood capacities. Although participation in such ICT-enabled interaction interfaces could reinforce digital inequalities and existing power balances, this research shows a more nuanced perspective, in which online and offline practices intertwine. Furthermore, while civic crowdfunding campaigns are driven by a traditional 'participation elite', the deliberation process on development projects involves new publics that are not typically engaged in civic activities. Hence, civic crowdfunding formulates a new mode of civic engagement in which institutional involvement acts as a trust broker between civic funders and civic entrepreneurs, as well as adding legitimacy to innovation processes in the public sphere.
Keywords
SOCIAL MEDIA, YOUNG-ADULTS, PARTICIPATION, Civic crowdfunding, Urban innovation, Civic entrepreneurship, Participation inequalities, Civic engagement, Digital citizenship, Peer-to-peer economy, Social cohesion, Civic identity

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MLA
Baccarne, Bastiaan, et al. “Understanding Civic Crowdfunding as a Mechanismfor Leveraging Civic Engagement and Urban Innovation.” TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW, vol. 10, no. 5, 2020, pp. 51–66, doi:10.22215/timreview/1356.
APA
Baccarne, B., Evens, T., & De Marez, L. (2020). Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanismfor leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW, 10(5), 51–66. https://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1356
Chicago author-date
Baccarne, Bastiaan, Tom Evens, and Lieven De Marez. 2020. “Understanding Civic Crowdfunding as a Mechanismfor Leveraging Civic Engagement and Urban Innovation.” TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW 10 (5): 51–66. https://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1356.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Baccarne, Bastiaan, Tom Evens, and Lieven De Marez. 2020. “Understanding Civic Crowdfunding as a Mechanismfor Leveraging Civic Engagement and Urban Innovation.” TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW 10 (5): 51–66. doi:10.22215/timreview/1356.
Vancouver
1.
Baccarne B, Evens T, De Marez L. Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanismfor leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW. 2020;10(5):51–66.
IEEE
[1]
B. Baccarne, T. Evens, and L. De Marez, “Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanismfor leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation,” TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 51–66, 2020.
@article{8701443,
  abstract     = {{This article studies the emergence of government-initiated civic crowdfunding platforms. Such platforms can be considered as governmental responses for bottom-up peer-to-peer support mechanisms related to urban innovation, which also allows top-down governance and governmental support systems for civic entrepreneurship. To better understand the implications of these innovative ICT-enabled interaction interfaces for collective urban innovation, this study investigates participation inequalities from the perspective of campaign instigators, using in-depth interviews (N=28), and from the perspective of the citizen-funder, using a survey (N=265). The analysis shows that urban crowdfunding practices mainly contribute to higher-level development of collective identities with increased neighborhood capacities. Although participation in such ICT-enabled interaction interfaces could reinforce digital inequalities and existing power balances, this research shows a more nuanced perspective, in which online and offline practices intertwine. Furthermore, while civic crowdfunding campaigns are driven by a traditional 'participation elite', the deliberation process on development projects involves new publics that are not typically engaged in civic activities. Hence, civic crowdfunding formulates a new mode of civic engagement in which institutional involvement acts as a trust broker between civic funders and civic entrepreneurs, as well as adding legitimacy to innovation processes in the public sphere.}},
  author       = {{Baccarne, Bastiaan and Evens, Tom and De Marez, Lieven}},
  issn         = {{1927-0321}},
  journal      = {{TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW}},
  keywords     = {{SOCIAL MEDIA,YOUNG-ADULTS,PARTICIPATION,Civic crowdfunding,Urban innovation,Civic entrepreneurship,Participation inequalities,Civic engagement,Digital citizenship,Peer-to-peer economy,Social cohesion,Civic identity}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{5}},
  pages        = {{51--66}},
  title        = {{Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanismfor leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1356}},
  volume       = {{10}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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