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'How to unlock myself from boredom?' The role of mindfulness and a dual awareness- and action-oriented pathway during the COVID-19 lockdown

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Abstract
Although the COVID-19 crisis is a distressing situation entailing greater boredom and lower life satisfaction, there is considerably heterogeneity in people's reaction patterns. In a sample of 1455 participants (M-age = 50.70, 70% female), collected during the second lockdown in Belgium, we sought to examine an integrative process model, thereby distinguishing between an awareness- (i.e., decentering vs. ruminating) and an action-oriented (i.e., self-motivating strategies vs. lack of strategies) pathway to account for the association between dispositional mindfulness and participants' psychological functioning. In conjunction, both pathways were found to, respectively, partial and full account for the association between mindfulness and boredom and life satisfaction. The findings highlight, first, the importance of taking an observing stance towards negative experiences instead of being directly immersed in them. Second, congruent with the Self-Determination Theory, they suggest that not all self-motivating action strategies can be considered equal, as autonomy- and control-oriented self-motivating strategies to handle boredom episodes were differentiated related to boredom and life satisfaction.
Keywords
General Psychology, COVID-19, Boredom, Life satisfaction, Motivational self-regulation, Mindfulness, Self-determination theory

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MLA
Waterschoot, Joachim, et al. “‘How to Unlock Myself from Boredom?’ The Role of Mindfulness and a Dual Awareness- and Action-Oriented Pathway during the COVID-19 Lockdown.” PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, vol. 175, 2021, doi:10.1016/j.paid.2021.110729.
APA
Waterschoot, J., Van der Kaap-Deeder, J., Morbée, S., Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2021). “How to unlock myself from boredom?” The role of mindfulness and a dual awareness- and action-oriented pathway during the COVID-19 lockdown. PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, 175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.110729
Chicago author-date
Waterschoot, Joachim, Jolene Van der Kaap-Deeder, Sofie Morbée, Bart Soenens, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2021. “‘How to Unlock Myself from Boredom?’ The Role of Mindfulness and a Dual Awareness- and Action-Oriented Pathway during the COVID-19 Lockdown.” PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES 175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.110729.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Waterschoot, Joachim, Jolene Van der Kaap-Deeder, Sofie Morbée, Bart Soenens, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2021. “‘How to Unlock Myself from Boredom?’ The Role of Mindfulness and a Dual Awareness- and Action-Oriented Pathway during the COVID-19 Lockdown.” PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES 175. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2021.110729.
Vancouver
1.
Waterschoot J, Van der Kaap-Deeder J, Morbée S, Soenens B, Vansteenkiste M. “How to unlock myself from boredom?” The role of mindfulness and a dual awareness- and action-oriented pathway during the COVID-19 lockdown. PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. 2021;175.
IEEE
[1]
J. Waterschoot, J. Van der Kaap-Deeder, S. Morbée, B. Soenens, and M. Vansteenkiste, “‘How to unlock myself from boredom?’ The role of mindfulness and a dual awareness- and action-oriented pathway during the COVID-19 lockdown,” PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, vol. 175, 2021.
@article{8699320,
  abstract     = {{Although the COVID-19 crisis is a distressing situation entailing greater boredom and lower life satisfaction, there is considerably heterogeneity in people's reaction patterns. In a sample of 1455 participants (M-age = 50.70, 70% female), collected during the second lockdown in Belgium, we sought to examine an integrative process model, thereby distinguishing between an awareness- (i.e., decentering vs. ruminating) and an action-oriented (i.e., self-motivating strategies vs. lack of strategies) pathway to account for the association between dispositional mindfulness and participants' psychological functioning. In conjunction, both pathways were found to, respectively, partial and full account for the association between mindfulness and boredom and life satisfaction. The findings highlight, first, the importance of taking an observing stance towards negative experiences instead of being directly immersed in them. Second, congruent with the Self-Determination Theory, they suggest that not all self-motivating action strategies can be considered equal, as autonomy- and control-oriented self-motivating strategies to handle boredom episodes were differentiated related to boredom and life satisfaction.}},
  articleno    = {{110729}},
  author       = {{Waterschoot, Joachim and Van der Kaap-Deeder, Jolene and Morbée, Sofie and Soenens, Bart and Vansteenkiste, Maarten}},
  issn         = {{0191-8869}},
  journal      = {{PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES}},
  keywords     = {{General Psychology,COVID-19,Boredom,Life satisfaction,Motivational self-regulation,Mindfulness,Self-determination theory}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{6}},
  title        = {{'How to unlock myself from boredom?' The role of mindfulness and a dual awareness- and action-oriented pathway during the COVID-19 lockdown}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.110729}},
  volume       = {{175}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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