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Peer victimization trajectories at the adolescent transition : associations among chronic victimization, peer-reported status, and adjustment

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Abstract
The current study demonstrated that chronic peer victimization, as compared to time-limited victimization, is particularly associated with peer status and peer-reported adjustment at the adolescent transition. Using a cohort sequential design, a sample of 653 adolescents (48% female, 87% Caucasian) in Grades 6-8 were assessed at 3 annual time points; data captured indices of peer victimization, likeability, popularity, and several peer-reported indices of internalizing (e.g., sadness, worry) and externalizing (e.g., anger, fighting) symptoms across Grades 6-10. Four trajectories of victimization experiences were identifiedchronic, high decreasing, low increasing, and low stablesuggesting instability in victimization experiences over time. Adolescents who experienced chronic victimization, as compared to those with low-stable, decreasing, or increasing levels of victimization, were rated by peers more often on indices of maladjustment and less often on measures of popularity and likeability. Findings highlight negative associations with chronic victimization and underscore the need for targeted interventions to prevent chronic victimization. Overall, findings further emphasize the role of chronicity in victimization and highlight the importance of identifying chronic victims for intervention and prevention efforts.
Keywords
DEVELOPMENTAL TRAJECTORIES, MIDDLE SCHOOL, EMOTIONAL-PROBLEMS, VICTIMS, PREDICTORS, CHILDHOOD, STABILITY, EXPERIENCES, ELEMENTARY, POPULARITY

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MLA
Sheppard, Christopher S., et al. “Peer Victimization Trajectories at the Adolescent Transition : Associations among Chronic Victimization, Peer-Reported Status, and Adjustment.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 48, no. 2, 2019, pp. 218–27, doi:10.1080/15374416.2016.1261713.
APA
Sheppard, C. S., Giletta, M., & Prinstein, M. J. (2019). Peer victimization trajectories at the adolescent transition : associations among chronic victimization, peer-reported status, and adjustment. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY, 48(2), 218–227. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2016.1261713
Chicago author-date
Sheppard, Christopher S., Matteo Giletta, and Mitchell J. Prinstein. 2019. “Peer Victimization Trajectories at the Adolescent Transition : Associations among Chronic Victimization, Peer-Reported Status, and Adjustment.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY 48 (2): 218–27. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2016.1261713.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sheppard, Christopher S., Matteo Giletta, and Mitchell J. Prinstein. 2019. “Peer Victimization Trajectories at the Adolescent Transition : Associations among Chronic Victimization, Peer-Reported Status, and Adjustment.” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY 48 (2): 218–227. doi:10.1080/15374416.2016.1261713.
Vancouver
1.
Sheppard CS, Giletta M, Prinstein MJ. Peer victimization trajectories at the adolescent transition : associations among chronic victimization, peer-reported status, and adjustment. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY. 2019;48(2):218–27.
IEEE
[1]
C. S. Sheppard, M. Giletta, and M. J. Prinstein, “Peer victimization trajectories at the adolescent transition : associations among chronic victimization, peer-reported status, and adjustment,” JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 218–227, 2019.
@article{8698032,
  abstract     = {The current study demonstrated that chronic peer victimization, as compared to time-limited victimization, is particularly associated with peer status and peer-reported adjustment at the adolescent transition. Using a cohort sequential design, a sample of 653 adolescents (48% female, 87% Caucasian) in Grades 6-8 were assessed at 3 annual time points; data captured indices of peer victimization, likeability, popularity, and several peer-reported indices of internalizing (e.g., sadness, worry) and externalizing (e.g., anger, fighting) symptoms across Grades 6-10. Four trajectories of victimization experiences were identifiedchronic, high decreasing, low increasing, and low stablesuggesting instability in victimization experiences over time. Adolescents who experienced chronic victimization, as compared to those with low-stable, decreasing, or increasing levels of victimization, were rated by peers more often on indices of maladjustment and less often on measures of popularity and likeability. Findings highlight negative associations with chronic victimization and underscore the need for targeted interventions to prevent chronic victimization. Overall, findings further emphasize the role of chronicity in victimization and highlight the importance of identifying chronic victims for intervention and prevention efforts.},
  author       = {Sheppard, Christopher S. and Giletta, Matteo and Prinstein, Mitchell J.},
  issn         = {1537-4416},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {DEVELOPMENTAL TRAJECTORIES,MIDDLE SCHOOL,EMOTIONAL-PROBLEMS,VICTIMS,PREDICTORS,CHILDHOOD,STABILITY,EXPERIENCES,ELEMENTARY,POPULARITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {218--227},
  title        = {Peer victimization trajectories at the adolescent transition : associations among chronic victimization, peer-reported status, and adjustment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2016.1261713},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2019},
}

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