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Controversies in the science of sedentary behaviour and health : insights, perspectives and future directions from the 2018 Queensland Sedentary Behaviour Think Tank

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Abstract
The development in research concerning sedentary behaviour has been rapid over the past two decades. This has led to the development of evidence and views that have become more advanced, diverse and, possibly, contentious. These include the effects of standing, the breaking up of prolonged sitting and the role of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in the association between sedentary behaviour and health outcomes. The present aim is to report the views of experts (n = 21) brought together (one-day face-to-face meeting in 2018) to consider these issues and provide conclusions and recommendations for future work. Each topic was reviewed and presented by one expert followed by full group discussion, which was recorded, transcribed and analysed. The experts concluded that (a). standing may bring benefits that accrue from postural shifts. Prolonged (mainly static) standing and prolonged sitting are both bad for health; (b). 'the best posture is the next posture'. Regularly breaking up of sitting with postural shifts and movement is vital; (c). health effects of prolonged sitting are evident even after controlling for MVPA, but high levels of MVPA can attenuate the deleterious effects of prolonged sitting depending on the health outcome of interest. Expert discussion addressed measurement, messaging and future directions.
Keywords
TELEVISION VIEWING TIME, ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, SITTING, TIME, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, SIT-STAND, ENERGY-EXPENDITURE, PUBLIC-HEALTH, ADULTS, OFFICE, breaks, debate, health, mediation, moderation, physical activity, posture, sedentary, standing

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MLA
Biddle, Stuart J. H., et al. “Controversies in the Science of Sedentary Behaviour and Health : Insights, Perspectives and Future Directions from the 2018 Queensland Sedentary Behaviour Think Tank.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 16, no. 23, 2019, doi:10.3390/ijerph16234762.
APA
Biddle, S. J. H., Bennie, J. A., De Cocker, K., Dunstan, D., Gardiner, P. A., Healy, G. N., … Vincent, G. E. (2019). Controversies in the science of sedentary behaviour and health : insights, perspectives and future directions from the 2018 Queensland Sedentary Behaviour Think Tank. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234762
Chicago author-date
Biddle, Stuart J. H., Jason A. Bennie, Katrien De Cocker, David Dunstan, Paul A. Gardiner, Genevieve N. Healy, Brigid Lynch, et al. 2019. “Controversies in the Science of Sedentary Behaviour and Health : Insights, Perspectives and Future Directions from the 2018 Queensland Sedentary Behaviour Think Tank.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234762.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Biddle, Stuart J. H., Jason A. Bennie, Katrien De Cocker, David Dunstan, Paul A. Gardiner, Genevieve N. Healy, Brigid Lynch, Neville Owen, Charlotte Brakenridge, Wendy Brown, Matthew Buman, Bronwyn Clark, Ing-Mari Dohrn, Mitch Duncan, Nicholas Gilson, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Toby Pavey, Natasha Reid, Corneel Vandelanotte, Ineke Vergeer, and Grace E. Vincent. 2019. “Controversies in the Science of Sedentary Behaviour and Health : Insights, Perspectives and Future Directions from the 2018 Queensland Sedentary Behaviour Think Tank.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. doi:10.3390/ijerph16234762.
Vancouver
1.
Biddle SJH, Bennie JA, De Cocker K, Dunstan D, Gardiner PA, Healy GN, et al. Controversies in the science of sedentary behaviour and health : insights, perspectives and future directions from the 2018 Queensland Sedentary Behaviour Think Tank. Vol. 16, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2019.
IEEE
[1]
S. J. H. Biddle et al., “Controversies in the science of sedentary behaviour and health : insights, perspectives and future directions from the 2018 Queensland Sedentary Behaviour Think Tank,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 16, no. 23. 2019.
@misc{8697834,
  abstract     = {The development in research concerning sedentary behaviour has been rapid over the past two decades. This has led to the development of evidence and views that have become more advanced, diverse and, possibly, contentious. These include the effects of standing, the breaking up of prolonged sitting and the role of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in the association between sedentary behaviour and health outcomes. The present aim is to report the views of experts (n = 21) brought together (one-day face-to-face meeting in 2018) to consider these issues and provide conclusions and recommendations for future work. Each topic was reviewed and presented by one expert followed by full group discussion, which was recorded, transcribed and analysed. The experts concluded that (a). standing may bring benefits that accrue from postural shifts. Prolonged (mainly static) standing and prolonged sitting are both bad for health; (b). 'the best posture is the next posture'. Regularly breaking up of sitting with postural shifts and movement is vital; (c). health effects of prolonged sitting are evident even after controlling for MVPA, but high levels of MVPA can attenuate the deleterious effects of prolonged sitting depending on the health outcome of interest. Expert discussion addressed measurement, messaging and future directions.},
  articleno    = {4762},
  author       = {Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Bennie, Jason A. and De Cocker, Katrien and Dunstan, David and Gardiner, Paul A. and Healy, Genevieve N. and Lynch, Brigid and Owen, Neville and Brakenridge, Charlotte and Brown, Wendy and Buman, Matthew and Clark, Bronwyn and Dohrn, Ing-Mari and Duncan, Mitch and Gilson, Nicholas and Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy and Pavey, Toby and Reid, Natasha and Vandelanotte, Corneel and Vergeer, Ineke and Vincent, Grace E.},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  keywords     = {TELEVISION VIEWING TIME,ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,SITTING,TIME,CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE,SIT-STAND,ENERGY-EXPENDITURE,PUBLIC-HEALTH,ADULTS,OFFICE,breaks,debate,health,mediation,moderation,physical activity,posture,sedentary,standing},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {23},
  pages        = {20},
  series       = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  title        = {Controversies in the science of sedentary behaviour and health : insights, perspectives and future directions from the 2018 Queensland Sedentary Behaviour Think Tank},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234762},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2019},
}

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