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Breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna at 2.45 GHz for wearable applications

(2021) SENSORS. 21(5).
Author
Organization
Abstract
A textile patch antenna is an attractive package for wearable applications as it offers flexibility, less weight, easy integration into the garment and better comfort to the wearer. When it comes to wearability, above all, comfort comes ahead of the rest of the properties. The air permeability and the water vapor permeability of textiles are linked to the thermophysiological comfort of the wearer as they help to improve the breathability of textiles. This paper includes the construction of a breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna with improved water vapor permeability. A selection of high air permeable conductive fabrics and 3-dimensional knitted spacer dielectric substrates was made to ensure better water vapor permeability of the breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna. To further improve the water vapor permeability of the breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna, a novel approach of inserting a large number of small-sized holes of 1 mm diameter in the conductive layers (the patch and the ground plane) of the antenna was adopted. Besides this, the insertion of a large number of small-sized holes improved the flexibility of the rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna. The result was a breathable perforated (with small-sized holes) textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna with the water vapor permeability as high as 5296.70 g/m2 per day, an air permeability as high as 510 mm/s, and with radiation gains being 4.2 dBi and 5.4 dBi in the E-plane and H-plane, respectively. The antenna was designed to resonate for the Industrial, Scientific and Medical band at a specific 2.45 GHz frequency.
Keywords
Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Analytical Chemistry, Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics, Biochemistry, microstrip patch antenna, wearable textile antenna, wearable wireless communication, breathable antenna, air permeability, water vapor permeability, ISM band

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MLA
Memon, Abdul Wahab, et al. “Breathable Textile Rectangular Ring Microstrip Patch Antenna at 2.45 GHz for Wearable Applications.” SENSORS, vol. 21, no. 5, 2021, doi:10.3390/s21051635.
APA
Memon, A. W., Lima de Paula, I., Malengier, B., Vasile, S.-I., Van Torre, P., & Van Langenhove, L. (2021). Breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna at 2.45 GHz for wearable applications. SENSORS, 21(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051635
Chicago author-date
Memon, Abdul Wahab, Igor Lima de Paula, Benny Malengier, Simona-Ileana Vasile, Patrick Van Torre, and Lieva Van Langenhove. 2021. “Breathable Textile Rectangular Ring Microstrip Patch Antenna at 2.45 GHz for Wearable Applications.” SENSORS 21 (5). https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051635.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Memon, Abdul Wahab, Igor Lima de Paula, Benny Malengier, Simona-Ileana Vasile, Patrick Van Torre, and Lieva Van Langenhove. 2021. “Breathable Textile Rectangular Ring Microstrip Patch Antenna at 2.45 GHz for Wearable Applications.” SENSORS 21 (5). doi:10.3390/s21051635.
Vancouver
1.
Memon AW, Lima de Paula I, Malengier B, Vasile S-I, Van Torre P, Van Langenhove L. Breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna at 2.45 GHz for wearable applications. SENSORS. 2021;21(5).
IEEE
[1]
A. W. Memon, I. Lima de Paula, B. Malengier, S.-I. Vasile, P. Van Torre, and L. Van Langenhove, “Breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna at 2.45 GHz for wearable applications,” SENSORS, vol. 21, no. 5, 2021.
@article{8697667,
  abstract     = {{A textile patch antenna is an attractive package for wearable applications as it offers flexibility, less weight, easy integration into the garment and better comfort to the wearer. When it comes to wearability, above all, comfort comes ahead of the rest of the properties. The air permeability and the water vapor permeability of textiles are linked to the thermophysiological comfort of the wearer as they help to improve the breathability of textiles. This paper includes the construction of a breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna with improved water vapor permeability. A selection of high air permeable conductive fabrics and 3-dimensional knitted spacer dielectric substrates was made to ensure better water vapor permeability of the breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna. To further improve the water vapor permeability of the breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna, a novel approach of inserting a large number of small-sized holes of 1 mm diameter in the conductive layers (the patch and the ground plane) of the antenna was adopted. Besides this, the insertion of a large number of small-sized holes improved the flexibility of the rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna. The result was a breathable perforated (with small-sized holes) textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna with the water vapor permeability as high as 5296.70 g/m2 per day, an air permeability as high as 510 mm/s, and with radiation gains being 4.2 dBi and 5.4 dBi in the E-plane and H-plane, respectively. The antenna was designed to resonate for the Industrial, Scientific and Medical band at a specific 2.45 GHz frequency.}},
  articleno    = {{1635}},
  author       = {{Memon, Abdul Wahab and Lima de Paula, Igor and Malengier, Benny and Vasile, Simona-Ileana and Van Torre, Patrick and Van Langenhove, Lieva}},
  issn         = {{1424-8220}},
  journal      = {{SENSORS}},
  keywords     = {{Electrical and Electronic Engineering,Analytical Chemistry,Atomic and Molecular Physics,and Optics,Biochemistry,microstrip patch antenna,wearable textile antenna,wearable wireless communication,breathable antenna,air permeability,water vapor permeability,ISM band}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{5}},
  pages        = {{17}},
  title        = {{Breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna at 2.45 GHz for wearable applications}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s21051635}},
  volume       = {{21}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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