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Handling associated with drenching does not impact survival and general health of low birth weight piglets

(2021) ANIMALS. 11(2).
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Organization
Abstract
The increase in litter sizes in recent years has resulted in more low birth weight (LBW) piglets, accompanied by a higher mortality. A potential intervention to overcome this is drenching bioactive substances. However, if the act of drenching provokes additional stress in LBW piglets, it might counteract the supplement’s effect and be detrimental for the piglet’s survival. To study the effect of the drenching act, piglets from 67 sows were weighed within 4 h after birth. The mean litter birth weight (MLBW) and standard deviation (SD) were calculated. LBW piglets (n = 76) were defined as weighing between (MLBW-1*SD) and (MLBW-2.5*SD). They were randomly allocated to two treatments: “sham” (conducting the act of drenching by inserting an empty 2.5 mL syringe in the mouth during 20 s, once a day, d1 till d7; n = 37) or “no treatment” (no handling; n = 39). On day 1, 3, 9, 24 and 38, piglets were weighed and scored for skin lesions. Blood samples were collected on day 9 and 38 and analyzed to determine glucose, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), urea, immunoglobulin G (IgG), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and a standard blood panel test. There was no difference between sham drenched and untreated piglets regarding any of the parameters. In conclusion, this study showed that drenching does not impose a significant risk to LBW piglets and can be applied safely during the first 7 days after birth.
Keywords
pig, performance, management, oral supplementation, neonatal, mortality

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MLA
Van Tichelen, Kevin, et al. “Handling Associated with Drenching Does Not Impact Survival and General Health of Low Birth Weight Piglets.” ANIMALS, vol. 11, no. 2, 2021, doi:10.3390/ani11020404.
APA
Van Tichelen, K., Prims, S., Ayuso, M., Van Kerschaver, C., Vandaele, M., Degroote, J., … Van Ginneken, C. (2021). Handling associated with drenching does not impact survival and general health of low birth weight piglets. ANIMALS, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11020404
Chicago author-date
Van Tichelen, Kevin, Sara Prims, Miriam Ayuso, Céline Van Kerschaver, Mario Vandaele, Jeroen Degroote, Steven Van Cruchten, Joris Michiels, and Chris Van Ginneken. 2021. “Handling Associated with Drenching Does Not Impact Survival and General Health of Low Birth Weight Piglets.” ANIMALS 11 (2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11020404.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Tichelen, Kevin, Sara Prims, Miriam Ayuso, Céline Van Kerschaver, Mario Vandaele, Jeroen Degroote, Steven Van Cruchten, Joris Michiels, and Chris Van Ginneken. 2021. “Handling Associated with Drenching Does Not Impact Survival and General Health of Low Birth Weight Piglets.” ANIMALS 11 (2). doi:10.3390/ani11020404.
Vancouver
1.
Van Tichelen K, Prims S, Ayuso M, Van Kerschaver C, Vandaele M, Degroote J, et al. Handling associated with drenching does not impact survival and general health of low birth weight piglets. ANIMALS. 2021;11(2).
IEEE
[1]
K. Van Tichelen et al., “Handling associated with drenching does not impact survival and general health of low birth weight piglets,” ANIMALS, vol. 11, no. 2, 2021.
@article{8696739,
  abstract     = {{The increase in litter sizes in recent years has resulted in more low birth weight (LBW) piglets, accompanied by a higher mortality. A potential intervention to overcome this is drenching bioactive substances. However, if the act of drenching provokes additional stress in LBW piglets, it might counteract the supplement’s effect and be detrimental for the piglet’s survival. To study the effect of the drenching act, piglets from 67 sows were weighed within 4 h after birth. The mean litter birth weight (MLBW) and standard deviation (SD) were calculated. LBW piglets (n = 76) were defined as weighing between (MLBW-1*SD) and (MLBW-2.5*SD). They were randomly allocated to two treatments: “sham” (conducting the act of drenching by inserting an empty 2.5 mL syringe in the mouth during 20 s, once a day, d1 till d7; n = 37) or “no treatment” (no handling; n = 39). On day 1, 3, 9, 24 and 38, piglets were weighed and scored for skin lesions. Blood samples were collected on day 9 and 38 and analyzed to determine glucose, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), urea, immunoglobulin G (IgG), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and a standard blood panel test. There was no difference between sham drenched and untreated piglets regarding any of the parameters. In conclusion, this study showed that drenching does not impose a significant risk to LBW piglets and can be applied safely during the first 7 days after birth.}},
  articleno    = {{404}},
  author       = {{Van Tichelen, Kevin and Prims, Sara and Ayuso, Miriam and Van Kerschaver, Céline and Vandaele, Mario and Degroote, Jeroen and Van Cruchten, Steven and Michiels, Joris and Van Ginneken, Chris}},
  issn         = {{2076-2615}},
  journal      = {{ANIMALS}},
  keywords     = {{pig,performance,management,oral supplementation,neonatal,mortality}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{13}},
  title        = {{Handling associated with drenching does not impact survival and general health of low birth weight piglets}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani11020404}},
  volume       = {{11}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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