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Thyroplasty type III to lower the vocal pitch in trans men

Charlotte Bultynck, Marjan Cosyns (UGent) , Guy T'Sjoen (UGent) , John Van Borsel (UGent) and Katrien Bonte (UGent)
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Abstract
About 20% of trans men do not achieve cisgender male frequencies (F-0 <= 131 Hz) after gender-affirming hormone treatment (GAHT) with testosterone. The surgical procedure Isshiki thyroplasty type III (TPIII) is described to lower F-0, but data on this technique in trans men are lacking. In this study, 8 trans men, unsatisfied with their voice after a minimum of 12 months of GAHT, underwent TPIII to lower F(0)at the Department of Head and Neck Surgery at Ghent University Hospital. TPIII was performed by 1 surgeon using the same method each time. Pre- and postoperatively, an acoustic evaluation of the voice took place. The F(0)dropped significantly from the preoperative mean of (154.60 +/- 12.29) Hz to the postoperative mean of (105.37 +/- 10.52) Hz (t= 9.821,P< .001). TPIII is an effective method for lowering the F(0)in trans men who are not satisfied with their voice after long-term GAHT.
Keywords
thyroplasty, vocal surgery, voice, fundamental frequency, transgender, trans man, VOICE

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MLA
Bultynck, Charlotte, et al. “Thyroplasty Type III to Lower the Vocal Pitch in Trans Men.” OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, vol. 164, no. 1, 2021, pp. 157–59, doi:10.1177/0194599820937675.
APA
Bultynck, C., Cosyns, M., T’Sjoen, G., Van Borsel, J., & Bonte, K. (2021). Thyroplasty type III to lower the vocal pitch in trans men. OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, 164(1), 157–159. https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599820937675
Chicago author-date
Bultynck, Charlotte, Marjan Cosyns, Guy T’Sjoen, John Van Borsel, and Katrien Bonte. 2021. “Thyroplasty Type III to Lower the Vocal Pitch in Trans Men.” OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY 164 (1): 157–59. https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599820937675.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bultynck, Charlotte, Marjan Cosyns, Guy T’Sjoen, John Van Borsel, and Katrien Bonte. 2021. “Thyroplasty Type III to Lower the Vocal Pitch in Trans Men.” OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY 164 (1): 157–159. doi:10.1177/0194599820937675.
Vancouver
1.
Bultynck C, Cosyns M, T’Sjoen G, Van Borsel J, Bonte K. Thyroplasty type III to lower the vocal pitch in trans men. OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY. 2021;164(1):157–9.
IEEE
[1]
C. Bultynck, M. Cosyns, G. T’Sjoen, J. Van Borsel, and K. Bonte, “Thyroplasty type III to lower the vocal pitch in trans men,” OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY, vol. 164, no. 1, pp. 157–159, 2021.
@article{8696107,
  abstract     = {{About 20% of trans men do not achieve cisgender male frequencies (F-0 <= 131 Hz) after gender-affirming hormone treatment (GAHT) with testosterone. The surgical procedure Isshiki thyroplasty type III (TPIII) is described to lower F-0, but data on this technique in trans men are lacking. In this study, 8 trans men, unsatisfied with their voice after a minimum of 12 months of GAHT, underwent TPIII to lower F(0)at the Department of Head and Neck Surgery at Ghent University Hospital. TPIII was performed by 1 surgeon using the same method each time. Pre- and postoperatively, an acoustic evaluation of the voice took place. The F(0)dropped significantly from the preoperative mean of (154.60 +/- 12.29) Hz to the postoperative mean of (105.37 +/- 10.52) Hz (t= 9.821,P< .001). TPIII is an effective method for lowering the F(0)in trans men who are not satisfied with their voice after long-term GAHT.}},
  articleno    = {{0194599820937675}},
  author       = {{Bultynck, Charlotte and Cosyns, Marjan and T'Sjoen, Guy and Van Borsel, John and Bonte, Katrien}},
  issn         = {{0194-5998}},
  journal      = {{OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY}},
  keywords     = {{thyroplasty,vocal surgery,voice,fundamental frequency,transgender,trans man,VOICE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{0194599820937675:157--0194599820937675:159}},
  title        = {{Thyroplasty type III to lower the vocal pitch in trans men}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599820937675}},
  volume       = {{164}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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