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Is intelligence related to perfectionism? Multidimensional perfectionism and parental antecedents among adolescents across varying levels of cognitive ability

(2021) JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY. 89(4). p.652-671
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Abstract
Objective Although intellectually gifted individuals are often portrayed as perfectionists, evidence for an association between cognitive ability and perfectionism is inconclusive. This study investigates the relations between cognitive ability and two distinct dimensions of perfectionism and addresses the role of parental antecedents of perfectionism in adolescents at different levels of cognitive ability. Method In a community sample of 3,168 adolescents and their parents, cognitive ability was assessed and perfectionism levels and parenting practices were surveyed. Results Adolescents higher in cognitive ability reported higher levels of Personal Standards (i.e., setting ambitious objectives) but lower levels of Concern over Mistakes (i.e., worrying excessively about mistakes). Parental criticism, high parental expectations, and conditionally regarding parenting were associated positively with Concern over Mistakes, and high parental expectations were related positively to Personal Standards. These associations were generally independent of adolescents' cognitive ability. Parents of adolescents higher in cognitive ability relied less on parenting practices associated with the development of perfectionism. Conclusion Cognitive ability is related to a higher pursuit of personal standards, yet does not constitute a risk factor for excessive concerns about mistakes. Parental antecedents were related similarly and in theoretically meaningful ways to adolescent perfectionism across different levels of cognitive ability.
Keywords
CONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD, OF-FIT INDEXES, 2 X-2 MODEL, PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTROL, INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION, MALADAPTIVE PERFECTIONISM, PERSONAL STANDARDS, GIFTED EDUCATION, AUTONOMY SUPPORT, MENTAL-HEALTH, adolescence, cognitive ability, conditional regard, parenting, perfectionism

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MLA
Lavrijsen, Jeroen, et al. “Is Intelligence Related to Perfectionism? Multidimensional Perfectionism and Parental Antecedents among Adolescents across Varying Levels of Cognitive Ability.” JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, vol. 89, no. 4, 2021, pp. 652–71, doi:10.1111/jopy.12606.
APA
Lavrijsen, J., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Verschueren, K. (2021). Is intelligence related to perfectionism? Multidimensional perfectionism and parental antecedents among adolescents across varying levels of cognitive ability. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, 89(4), 652–671. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12606
Chicago author-date
Lavrijsen, Jeroen, Bart Soenens, Maarten Vansteenkiste, and Karine Verschueren. 2021. “Is Intelligence Related to Perfectionism? Multidimensional Perfectionism and Parental Antecedents among Adolescents across Varying Levels of Cognitive Ability.” JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 89 (4): 652–71. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12606.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lavrijsen, Jeroen, Bart Soenens, Maarten Vansteenkiste, and Karine Verschueren. 2021. “Is Intelligence Related to Perfectionism? Multidimensional Perfectionism and Parental Antecedents among Adolescents across Varying Levels of Cognitive Ability.” JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 89 (4): 652–671. doi:10.1111/jopy.12606.
Vancouver
1.
Lavrijsen J, Soenens B, Vansteenkiste M, Verschueren K. Is intelligence related to perfectionism? Multidimensional perfectionism and parental antecedents among adolescents across varying levels of cognitive ability. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY. 2021;89(4):652–71.
IEEE
[1]
J. Lavrijsen, B. Soenens, M. Vansteenkiste, and K. Verschueren, “Is intelligence related to perfectionism? Multidimensional perfectionism and parental antecedents among adolescents across varying levels of cognitive ability,” JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 652–671, 2021.
@article{8695685,
  abstract     = {{Objective Although intellectually gifted individuals are often portrayed as perfectionists, evidence for an association between cognitive ability and perfectionism is inconclusive. This study investigates the relations between cognitive ability and two distinct dimensions of perfectionism and addresses the role of parental antecedents of perfectionism in adolescents at different levels of cognitive ability. Method In a community sample of 3,168 adolescents and their parents, cognitive ability was assessed and perfectionism levels and parenting practices were surveyed. Results Adolescents higher in cognitive ability reported higher levels of Personal Standards (i.e., setting ambitious objectives) but lower levels of Concern over Mistakes (i.e., worrying excessively about mistakes). Parental criticism, high parental expectations, and conditionally regarding parenting were associated positively with Concern over Mistakes, and high parental expectations were related positively to Personal Standards. These associations were generally independent of adolescents' cognitive ability. Parents of adolescents higher in cognitive ability relied less on parenting practices associated with the development of perfectionism. Conclusion Cognitive ability is related to a higher pursuit of personal standards, yet does not constitute a risk factor for excessive concerns about mistakes. Parental antecedents were related similarly and in theoretically meaningful ways to adolescent perfectionism across different levels of cognitive ability.}},
  author       = {{Lavrijsen, Jeroen and Soenens, Bart and Vansteenkiste, Maarten and Verschueren, Karine}},
  issn         = {{0022-3506}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY}},
  keywords     = {{CONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD,OF-FIT INDEXES,2 X-2 MODEL,PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTROL,INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION,MALADAPTIVE PERFECTIONISM,PERSONAL STANDARDS,GIFTED EDUCATION,AUTONOMY SUPPORT,MENTAL-HEALTH,adolescence,cognitive ability,conditional regard,parenting,perfectionism}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{652--671}},
  title        = {{Is intelligence related to perfectionism? Multidimensional perfectionism and parental antecedents among adolescents across varying levels of cognitive ability}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12606}},
  volume       = {{89}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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