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Advancing the global physical activity agenda : recommendations for future research by the 2020 WHO physical activity and sedentary behavior guidelines development group

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Abstract
BackgroundIn July, 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) commenced work to update the 2010 Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health and established a Guideline Development Group (GDG) comprising expert public health scientists and practitioners to inform the drafting of the 2020 Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior. The overall task of the GDG was to review the scientific evidence and provide expert advice to the WHO on the amount of physical activity and sedentary behavior associated with optimal health in children and adolescents, adults, older adults (>64years), and also specifically in pregnant and postpartum women and people living with chronic conditions or disabilities.MethodsThe GDG reviewed the available evidence specific to each sub-population using systematic protocols and in doing so, identified a number of gaps in the existing literature. These proposed research gaps were discussed and verified by expert consensus among the entire GDG.ResultsEvidence gaps across population sub-groups included a lack of information on: 1) the precise shape of the dose-response curve between physical activity and/or sedentary behavior and several of the health outcomes studied; 2) the health benefits of light-intensity physical activity and of breaking up sedentary time with light-intensity activity; 3) differences in the health effects of different types and domains of physical activity (leisure-time; occupational; transportation; household; education) and of sedentary behavior (occupational; screen time; television viewing); and 4) the joint association between physical activity and sedentary time with health outcomes across the life course. In addition, we acknowledge the need to conduct more population-based studies in low- and middle-income countries and in people living with disabilities and/or chronic disease, and to identify how various sociodemographic factors (age, sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status) modify the health effects of physical activity, in order to address global health disparities.ConclusionsAlthough the 2020 WHO Guidelines for Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior were informed by the most up-to-date research on the health effects of physical activity and sedentary time, there is still substantial work to be done in advancing the global physical activity agenda.
Keywords
SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN, HEALTH INDICATORS, PREGNANCY, TIME, Physical activity, Sedentary behavior, Research, Recommendations

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MLA
DiPietro, Loretta, et al. “Advancing the Global Physical Activity Agenda : Recommendations for Future Research by the 2020 WHO Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Guidelines Development Group.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, vol. 17, no. 1, 2020, doi:10.1186/s12966-020-01042-2.
APA
DiPietro, L., Al-Ansari, S. S., Biddle, S. J. H., Borodulin, K., Bull, F. C., Buman, M. P., … Willumsen, J. F. (2020). Advancing the global physical activity agenda : recommendations for future research by the 2020 WHO physical activity and sedentary behavior guidelines development group. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-020-01042-2
Chicago author-date
DiPietro, Loretta, Salih Saad Al-Ansari, Stuart J. H. Biddle, Katja Borodulin, Fiona C. Bull, Matthew P. Buman, Greet Cardon, et al. 2020. “Advancing the Global Physical Activity Agenda : Recommendations for Future Research by the 2020 WHO Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Guidelines Development Group.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 17 (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-020-01042-2.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
DiPietro, Loretta, Salih Saad Al-Ansari, Stuart J. H. Biddle, Katja Borodulin, Fiona C. Bull, Matthew P. Buman, Greet Cardon, Catherine Carty, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Sebastien Chastin, Roger Chou, Paddy C. Dempsey, Ulf Ekelund, Joseph Firth, Christine M. Friedenreich, Leandro Garcia, Muthoni Gichu, Russell Jago, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Estelle Lambert, Michael Leitzmann, Karen Milton, Francisco B. Ortega, Chathuranga Ranasinghe, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Anne Tiedemann, Richard P. Troiano, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, and Juana F. Willumsen. 2020. “Advancing the Global Physical Activity Agenda : Recommendations for Future Research by the 2020 WHO Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Guidelines Development Group.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 17 (1). doi:10.1186/s12966-020-01042-2.
Vancouver
1.
DiPietro L, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle SJH, Borodulin K, Bull FC, Buman MP, et al. Advancing the global physical activity agenda : recommendations for future research by the 2020 WHO physical activity and sedentary behavior guidelines development group. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. 2020;17(1).
IEEE
[1]
L. DiPietro et al., “Advancing the global physical activity agenda : recommendations for future research by the 2020 WHO physical activity and sedentary behavior guidelines development group,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, vol. 17, no. 1, 2020.
@article{8695295,
  abstract     = {BackgroundIn July, 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) commenced work to update the 2010 Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health and established a Guideline Development Group (GDG) comprising expert public health scientists and practitioners to inform the drafting of the 2020 Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior. The overall task of the GDG was to review the scientific evidence and provide expert advice to the WHO on the amount of physical activity and sedentary behavior associated with optimal health in children and adolescents, adults, older adults (>64years), and also specifically in pregnant and postpartum women and people living with chronic conditions or disabilities.MethodsThe GDG reviewed the available evidence specific to each sub-population using systematic protocols and in doing so, identified a number of gaps in the existing literature. These proposed research gaps were discussed and verified by expert consensus among the entire GDG.ResultsEvidence gaps across population sub-groups included a lack of information on: 1) the precise shape of the dose-response curve between physical activity and/or sedentary behavior and several of the health outcomes studied; 2) the health benefits of light-intensity physical activity and of breaking up sedentary time with light-intensity activity; 3) differences in the health effects of different types and domains of physical activity (leisure-time; occupational; transportation; household; education) and of sedentary behavior (occupational; screen time; television viewing); and 4) the joint association between physical activity and sedentary time with health outcomes across the life course. In addition, we acknowledge the need to conduct more population-based studies in low- and middle-income countries and in people living with disabilities and/or chronic disease, and to identify how various sociodemographic factors (age, sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status) modify the health effects of physical activity, in order to address global health disparities.ConclusionsAlthough the 2020 WHO Guidelines for Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior were informed by the most up-to-date research on the health effects of physical activity and sedentary time, there is still substantial work to be done in advancing the global physical activity agenda.},
  articleno    = {143},
  author       = {DiPietro, Loretta and Al-Ansari, Salih Saad and Biddle, Stuart J. H. and Borodulin, Katja and Bull, Fiona C. and Buman, Matthew P. and Cardon, Greet and Carty, Catherine and Chaput, Jean-Philippe and Chastin, Sebastien and Chou, Roger and Dempsey, Paddy C. and Ekelund, Ulf and Firth, Joseph and Friedenreich, Christine M. and Garcia, Leandro and Gichu, Muthoni and Jago, Russell and Katzmarzyk, Peter T. and Lambert, Estelle and Leitzmann, Michael and Milton, Karen and Ortega, Francisco B. and Ranasinghe, Chathuranga and Stamatakis, Emmanuel and Tiedemann, Anne and Troiano, Richard P. and van der Ploeg, Hidde P. and Willumsen, Juana F.},
  issn         = {1479-5868},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY},
  keywords     = {SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN,HEALTH INDICATORS,PREGNANCY,TIME,Physical activity,Sedentary behavior,Research,Recommendations},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {11},
  title        = {Advancing the global physical activity agenda : recommendations for future research by the 2020 WHO physical activity and sedentary behavior guidelines development group},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12966-020-01042-2},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2020},
}

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