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Exploring the faecal microbiome of the Eurasian nuthatch (Sitta europaea)

Evy Goossens (UGent) , Roschong Boonyarittichaikij, Daan Dekeukeleire (UGent) , Sarah Van Praet (UGent) , Dries Bonte (UGent) , Kris Verheyen (UGent) , Luc Lens (UGent) , An Martel (UGent) and Elin Verbrugghe (UGent)
(2021) ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY. 203. p.2119-2127
Author
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Abstract
Gastrointestinal microbiota fulfill pivotal roles in providing a host with nutrition and protection from pathogenic microorganisms. Up to date, most microbiota research has focused on humans and other mammals, whereas birds and especially wild birds lag behind. Within the field of the avian gut microbiome, research is heavily biased towards poultry. In this study, we analyzed the gut microbiome of the Eurasian nuthatch (Sitta europaea), using faecal samples of eight nestlings originating from three nuthatch nests in the south of Ghent (Belgium), using Illumina sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. Relative frequency analysis showed a dominance of Firmicutes and Actinobacteria and to a lesser extent Proteobacteria. Bacteroidetes and other phyla were relatively rare. At higher taxonomic levels, a high degree of inter-individual variation in terms of overall microbiota community structure as well as dominance of certain bacteria was observed, but with a higher similarity for the nestlings sharing the same nest. When comparing the nuthatch faecal microbiome to that of great tit nestlings that were sampled during the same breeding season and in the same forest fragment, differences in the microbial community structure were observed, revealing distinct dissimilarities in the relative abundancy of taxa between the two bird species. This study is the first report on the nuthatch microbiome and serves as a reference study for nuthatch bacterial diversity and can be used for targeted screening of the composition and general functions of the avian gut microbiome.
Keywords
Genetics, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Microbiology, General Medicine, Nuthatch, Wild bird, Great tit, Faeces, Microbiota

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MLA
Goossens, Evy, et al. “Exploring the Faecal Microbiome of the Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta Europaea).” ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY, vol. 203, 2021, pp. 2119–27, doi:10.1007/s00203-021-02195-9.
APA
Goossens, E., Boonyarittichaikij, R., Dekeukeleire, D., Van Praet, S., Bonte, D., Verheyen, K., … Verbrugghe, E. (2021). Exploring the faecal microbiome of the Eurasian nuthatch (Sitta europaea). ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY, 203, 2119–2127. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00203-021-02195-9
Chicago author-date
Goossens, Evy, Roschong Boonyarittichaikij, Daan Dekeukeleire, Sarah Van Praet, Dries Bonte, Kris Verheyen, Luc Lens, An Martel, and Elin Verbrugghe. 2021. “Exploring the Faecal Microbiome of the Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta Europaea).” ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY 203: 2119–27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00203-021-02195-9.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Goossens, Evy, Roschong Boonyarittichaikij, Daan Dekeukeleire, Sarah Van Praet, Dries Bonte, Kris Verheyen, Luc Lens, An Martel, and Elin Verbrugghe. 2021. “Exploring the Faecal Microbiome of the Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta Europaea).” ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY 203: 2119–2127. doi:10.1007/s00203-021-02195-9.
Vancouver
1.
Goossens E, Boonyarittichaikij R, Dekeukeleire D, Van Praet S, Bonte D, Verheyen K, et al. Exploring the faecal microbiome of the Eurasian nuthatch (Sitta europaea). ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY. 2021;203:2119–27.
IEEE
[1]
E. Goossens et al., “Exploring the faecal microbiome of the Eurasian nuthatch (Sitta europaea),” ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY, vol. 203, pp. 2119–2127, 2021.
@article{8695195,
  abstract     = {{Gastrointestinal microbiota fulfill pivotal roles in providing a host with nutrition and protection from pathogenic microorganisms. Up to date, most microbiota research has focused on humans and other mammals, whereas birds and especially wild birds lag behind. Within the field of the avian gut microbiome, research is heavily biased towards poultry. In this study, we analyzed the gut microbiome of the Eurasian nuthatch (Sitta europaea), using faecal samples of eight nestlings originating from three nuthatch nests in the south of Ghent (Belgium), using Illumina sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. Relative frequency analysis showed a dominance of Firmicutes and Actinobacteria and to a lesser extent Proteobacteria. Bacteroidetes and other phyla were relatively rare. At higher taxonomic levels, a high degree of inter-individual variation in terms of overall microbiota community structure as well as dominance of certain bacteria was observed, but with a higher similarity for the nestlings sharing the same nest. When comparing the nuthatch faecal microbiome to that of great tit nestlings that were sampled during the same breeding season and in the same forest fragment, differences in the microbial community structure were observed, revealing distinct dissimilarities in the relative abundancy of taxa between the two bird species. This study is the first report on the nuthatch microbiome and serves as a reference study for nuthatch bacterial diversity and can be used for targeted screening of the composition and general functions of the avian gut microbiome.}},
  author       = {{Goossens, Evy and Boonyarittichaikij, Roschong and Dekeukeleire, Daan and Van Praet, Sarah and Bonte, Dries and Verheyen, Kris and Lens, Luc and Martel, An and Verbrugghe, Elin}},
  issn         = {{0302-8933}},
  journal      = {{ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{Genetics,Biochemistry,Molecular Biology,Microbiology,General Medicine,Nuthatch,Wild bird,Great tit,Faeces,Microbiota}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{2119--2127}},
  title        = {{Exploring the faecal microbiome of the Eurasian nuthatch (Sitta europaea)}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00203-021-02195-9}},
  volume       = {{203}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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