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The Kasterlee Formation and its relation with the Diest and Mol Formations in the Belgian Campine

(2020) GEOLOGICA BELGICA. 23(3-4). p.265-287
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Abstract
Stratigraphic analysis of cored and geophysically logged boreholes in the Kasterlee-Geel-Retie-Mol-Dessel area of the Belgian Campine has established the presence of two lithostratigraphic units between the classical Diest and Mol Formations, geometrically related to the type Kasterlee Sand occurring west of the Kasterlee village and the study area. A lower 'clayey Kasterlee' unit, equivalent to the lithology occurring at the top of the Beerzel and Heist-op-den-Berg hills, systematically occurs to the east of the Kasterlee village. An overlying unit has a pale colour making it lithostratigraphically comparable to Mol Sand although its fine grain size, traces of glauconite and geometrical position have traditionally led stratigraphers to consider it as a lateral variety of the type Kasterlee Sand; it has been named the 'lower Mol' or 'Kasterlee-sensu-Gulinck' unit in this study. In the present analysis, the greenish glauconitic Kasterlee Sand in its hilly stratotype area evolves eastwards into the lower 'clayey Kasterlee' unit and possibly also into an overlying 'lower Mol' or `Kasterlee-sensu-Gulinck' unit, although it is equally possible that the latter unit has an erosive contact and therefore is stratigraphically slightly younger than the type Kasterlee Sand west of the Kasterlee village. A lateral extension of this detailed stratigraphic succession into the faulted one of east Limburg is proposed.
Keywords
NORTH-SEA BASIN, LOWER RHINE BASIN, DINOFLAGELLATE CYST, UPPER MIOCENE, STRATIGRAPHY, GLAUCONITE, ZONATION, NEOGENE, AREA, Neogene, dinoflagellate cyst stratigraphy, clayey Kasterlee, lower Mol, Kasterlee-sensu-Gulinck

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MLA
Vandenberghe, Noel, et al. “The Kasterlee Formation and Its Relation with the Diest and Mol Formations in the Belgian Campine.” GEOLOGICA BELGICA, vol. 23, no. 3–4, 2020, pp. 265–87, doi:10.20341/gb.2020.014.
APA
Vandenberghe, N., Wouters, L., Scheltz, M., Beerten, K., Berwouts, I., Vos, K., … Dusar, M. (2020). The Kasterlee Formation and its relation with the Diest and Mol Formations in the Belgian Campine. GEOLOGICA BELGICA, 23(3–4), 265–287. https://doi.org/10.20341/gb.2020.014
Chicago author-date
Vandenberghe, Noel, Laurent Wouters, Marco Scheltz, Koen Beerten, Isaac Berwouts, Koen Vos, Rik Houthuys, et al. 2020. “The Kasterlee Formation and Its Relation with the Diest and Mol Formations in the Belgian Campine.” GEOLOGICA BELGICA 23 (3–4): 265–87. https://doi.org/10.20341/gb.2020.014.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vandenberghe, Noel, Laurent Wouters, Marco Scheltz, Koen Beerten, Isaac Berwouts, Koen Vos, Rik Houthuys, Jef Deckers, Stephen Louwye, Piet Laga, Jasper Verhaegen, Rieko Adriaens, and Michiel Dusar. 2020. “The Kasterlee Formation and Its Relation with the Diest and Mol Formations in the Belgian Campine.” GEOLOGICA BELGICA 23 (3–4): 265–287. doi:10.20341/gb.2020.014.
Vancouver
1.
Vandenberghe N, Wouters L, Scheltz M, Beerten K, Berwouts I, Vos K, et al. The Kasterlee Formation and its relation with the Diest and Mol Formations in the Belgian Campine. GEOLOGICA BELGICA. 2020;23(3–4):265–87.
IEEE
[1]
N. Vandenberghe et al., “The Kasterlee Formation and its relation with the Diest and Mol Formations in the Belgian Campine,” GEOLOGICA BELGICA, vol. 23, no. 3–4, pp. 265–287, 2020.
@article{8694514,
  abstract     = {{Stratigraphic analysis of cored and geophysically logged boreholes in the Kasterlee-Geel-Retie-Mol-Dessel area of the Belgian Campine has established the presence of two lithostratigraphic units between the classical Diest and Mol Formations, geometrically related to the type Kasterlee Sand occurring west of the Kasterlee village and the study area. A lower 'clayey Kasterlee' unit, equivalent to the lithology occurring at the top of the Beerzel and Heist-op-den-Berg hills, systematically occurs to the east of the Kasterlee village. An overlying unit has a pale colour making it lithostratigraphically comparable to Mol Sand although its fine grain size, traces of glauconite and geometrical position have traditionally led stratigraphers to consider it as a lateral variety of the type Kasterlee Sand; it has been named the 'lower Mol' or 'Kasterlee-sensu-Gulinck' unit in this study. In the present analysis, the greenish glauconitic Kasterlee Sand in its hilly stratotype area evolves eastwards into the lower 'clayey Kasterlee' unit and possibly also into an overlying 'lower Mol' or `Kasterlee-sensu-Gulinck' unit, although it is equally possible that the latter unit has an erosive contact and therefore is stratigraphically slightly younger than the type Kasterlee Sand west of the Kasterlee village. A lateral extension of this detailed stratigraphic succession into the faulted one of east Limburg is proposed.}},
  author       = {{Vandenberghe, Noel and Wouters, Laurent and Scheltz, Marco and Beerten, Koen and Berwouts, Isaac and Vos, Koen and Houthuys, Rik and Deckers, Jef and Louwye, Stephen and Laga, Piet and Verhaegen, Jasper and Adriaens, Rieko and Dusar, Michiel}},
  issn         = {{1374-8505}},
  journal      = {{GEOLOGICA BELGICA}},
  keywords     = {{NORTH-SEA BASIN,LOWER RHINE BASIN,DINOFLAGELLATE CYST,UPPER MIOCENE,STRATIGRAPHY,GLAUCONITE,ZONATION,NEOGENE,AREA,Neogene,dinoflagellate cyst stratigraphy,clayey Kasterlee,lower Mol,Kasterlee-sensu-Gulinck}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3-4}},
  pages        = {{265--287}},
  title        = {{The Kasterlee Formation and its relation with the Diest and Mol Formations in the Belgian Campine}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.20341/gb.2020.014}},
  volume       = {{23}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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