Advanced search
1 file | 3.48 MB Add to list

Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond : the importance of the vagus nerve for biopsychosocial resilience

Author
Organization
Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to widespread increases in mental health problems, including anxiety and depression. The development of these and other psychiatric disorders may be related to changes in immune, endocrine, autonomic, cognitive, and affective processes induced by a SARS-CoV-2 infection. Interestingly, many of these same changes can be triggered by psychosocial stressors such as social isolation and rejection, which have become increasingly common due to public policies aimed at reducing the spread of SARS-CoV-2. The present review aims to shed light on these issues by describing how viral infections and stress affect mental health. First, we describe the multi-level mechanisms linking viral infection and life stress exposure with risk for psychopathology. Then, we summarize how resilience can be enhanced by targeting vagus nerve function by, for example, applying transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation and targeting lifestyle factors, such as exercise. With these biopsychosocial insights in mind, researchers and healthcare professionals will be better equipped to reduce risk for psychopathology and increase resilience during this challenging pandemic period and beyond.
Keywords
Cognitive Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology, COVID-19, Coronavirus disease, Lifestyle interventions, Psychiatric disorders, Social stress, Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation, HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY, INFLAMMATORY BIOMARKERS, AUTOIMMUNE-DISEASES, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, SEVERE INFECTIONS, STRESS-RESPONSE, RISK-FACTORS, LIFE STRESS, STIMULATION, DEPRESSION

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Accepted manuscript)
    • |
    • UGent only (changes to open access on 2022-01-01)
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 3.48 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Dedoncker, Josefien, et al. “Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic and beyond : The Importance of the Vagus Nerve for Biopsychosocial Resilience.” NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS, vol. 125, 2021, pp. 1–10, doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.02.010.
APA
Dedoncker, J., Vanderhasselt, M.-A., Ottaviani, C., & Slavich, G. M. (2021). Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond : the importance of the vagus nerve for biopsychosocial resilience. NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS, 125, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.02.010
Chicago author-date
Dedoncker, Josefien, Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, Cristina Ottaviani, and George M. Slavich. 2021. “Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic and beyond : The Importance of the Vagus Nerve for Biopsychosocial Resilience.” NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS 125: 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.02.010.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dedoncker, Josefien, Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, Cristina Ottaviani, and George M. Slavich. 2021. “Mental Health during the COVID-19 Pandemic and beyond : The Importance of the Vagus Nerve for Biopsychosocial Resilience.” NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS 125: 1–10. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.02.010.
Vancouver
1.
Dedoncker J, Vanderhasselt M-A, Ottaviani C, Slavich GM. Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond : the importance of the vagus nerve for biopsychosocial resilience. NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS. 2021;125:1–10.
IEEE
[1]
J. Dedoncker, M.-A. Vanderhasselt, C. Ottaviani, and G. M. Slavich, “Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond : the importance of the vagus nerve for biopsychosocial resilience,” NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS, vol. 125, pp. 1–10, 2021.
@article{8694368,
  abstract     = {{The COVID-19 pandemic has led to widespread increases in mental health problems, including anxiety and depression. The development of these and other psychiatric disorders may be related to changes in immune, endocrine, autonomic, cognitive, and affective processes induced by a SARS-CoV-2 infection. Interestingly, many of these same changes can be triggered by psychosocial stressors such as social isolation and rejection, which have become increasingly common due to public policies aimed at reducing the spread of SARS-CoV-2. The present review aims to shed light on these issues by describing how viral infections and stress affect mental health. First, we describe the multi-level mechanisms linking viral infection and life stress exposure with risk for psychopathology. Then, we summarize how resilience can be enhanced by targeting vagus nerve function by, for example, applying transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation and targeting lifestyle factors, such as exercise. With these biopsychosocial insights in mind, researchers and healthcare professionals will be better equipped to reduce risk for psychopathology and increase resilience during this challenging pandemic period and beyond.}},
  author       = {{Dedoncker, Josefien and Vanderhasselt, Marie-Anne and Ottaviani, Cristina and Slavich, George M.}},
  issn         = {{0149-7634}},
  journal      = {{NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS}},
  keywords     = {{Cognitive Neuroscience,Behavioral Neuroscience,Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology,COVID-19,Coronavirus disease,Lifestyle interventions,Psychiatric disorders,Social stress,Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation,HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY,INFLAMMATORY BIOMARKERS,AUTOIMMUNE-DISEASES,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,SEVERE INFECTIONS,STRESS-RESPONSE,RISK-FACTORS,LIFE STRESS,STIMULATION,DEPRESSION}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{1--10}},
  title        = {{Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond : the importance of the vagus nerve for biopsychosocial resilience}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.02.010}},
  volume       = {{125}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: