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The ADKAR (R) change management model for farmer profiling with regard to antimicrobial stewardship in livestock production = Het ADKAR®-verandermodel voor typering van veehouders met betrekking tot verantwoord antibioticagebruik bij landbouwhuisdieren

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Abstract
Antimicrobial stewardship in veterinary practice and animal production is important from a One Health perspective. The ADKAR (R) change management model is a well-known strategy to implement behavioral change in people and small businesses. The objective of this study was to adapt the existing ADKAR (R) change management model to enable herd veterinarians to profile farmers with regard to antimicrobial stewardship. Therefore, an antimicrobial stewardship related scoring scale was defined. Subsequently, ADKAR (R) profiles of 26 poultry and 28 pig farmers from Belgium and the Netherlands were determined. For 57% of the farmers, perception and/or motivation were expected to limit successful change. For 70% of the farmers, knowledge and for 52% of the farmers, a lack of ability were the limiting factor. The ADKAR (R) model proved useful for identifying the key elements that prevent successful behavioral change in farmers to reduce the use of antibiotics in farm animals.
Keywords
PIG PRODUCTION, INTERVENTIONS, USAGE, MYTH

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MLA
Houben, M. A. M., et al. “The ADKAR (R) Change Management Model for Farmer Profiling with Regard to Antimicrobial Stewardship in Livestock Production = Het ADKAR®-Verandermodel Voor Typering van Veehouders Met Betrekking Tot Verantwoord Antibioticagebruik Bij Landbouwhuisdieren.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, vol. 89, no. 6, 2020, pp. 309–14, doi:10.21825/vdt.v89i6.17413.
APA
Houben, M. A. M., Caekebeke, N., van den Hoogen, A., Ringenier, M., Tobias, T. J., Jonquiere, F. J., … Postma, M. (2020). The ADKAR (R) change management model for farmer profiling with regard to antimicrobial stewardship in livestock production = Het ADKAR®-verandermodel voor typering van veehouders met betrekking tot verantwoord antibioticagebruik bij landbouwhuisdieren. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 89(6), 309–314. https://doi.org/10.21825/vdt.v89i6.17413
Chicago author-date
Houben, M. A. M., Nele Caekebeke, A. van den Hoogen, Moniek Ringenier, T. J. Tobias, F. J. Jonquiere, N. Sleeckx, et al. 2020. “The ADKAR (R) Change Management Model for Farmer Profiling with Regard to Antimicrobial Stewardship in Livestock Production = Het ADKAR®-Verandermodel Voor Typering van Veehouders Met Betrekking Tot Verantwoord Antibioticagebruik Bij Landbouwhuisdieren.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 89 (6): 309–14. https://doi.org/10.21825/vdt.v89i6.17413.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Houben, M. A. M., Nele Caekebeke, A. van den Hoogen, Moniek Ringenier, T. J. Tobias, F. J. Jonquiere, N. Sleeckx, F. C. Velkers, J. A. Stegeman, Jeroen Dewulf, and Merel Postma. 2020. “The ADKAR (R) Change Management Model for Farmer Profiling with Regard to Antimicrobial Stewardship in Livestock Production = Het ADKAR®-Verandermodel Voor Typering van Veehouders Met Betrekking Tot Verantwoord Antibioticagebruik Bij Landbouwhuisdieren.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 89 (6): 309–314. doi:10.21825/vdt.v89i6.17413.
Vancouver
1.
Houben MAM, Caekebeke N, van den Hoogen A, Ringenier M, Tobias TJ, Jonquiere FJ, et al. The ADKAR (R) change management model for farmer profiling with regard to antimicrobial stewardship in livestock production = Het ADKAR®-verandermodel voor typering van veehouders met betrekking tot verantwoord antibioticagebruik bij landbouwhuisdieren. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2020;89(6):309–14.
IEEE
[1]
M. A. M. Houben et al., “The ADKAR (R) change management model for farmer profiling with regard to antimicrobial stewardship in livestock production = Het ADKAR®-verandermodel voor typering van veehouders met betrekking tot verantwoord antibioticagebruik bij landbouwhuisdieren,” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, vol. 89, no. 6, pp. 309–314, 2020.
@article{8694173,
  abstract     = {{Antimicrobial stewardship in veterinary practice and animal production is important from a One Health perspective. The ADKAR (R) change management model is a well-known strategy to implement behavioral change in people and small businesses. The objective of this study was to adapt the existing ADKAR (R) change management model to enable herd veterinarians to profile farmers with regard to antimicrobial stewardship. Therefore, an antimicrobial stewardship related scoring scale was defined. Subsequently, ADKAR (R) profiles of 26 poultry and 28 pig farmers from Belgium and the Netherlands were determined. For 57% of the farmers, perception and/or motivation were expected to limit successful change. For 70% of the farmers, knowledge and for 52% of the farmers, a lack of ability were the limiting factor. The ADKAR (R) model proved useful for identifying the key elements that prevent successful behavioral change in farmers to reduce the use of antibiotics in farm animals.}},
  author       = {{Houben, M. A. M. and Caekebeke, Nele and van den Hoogen, A. and Ringenier, Moniek and Tobias, T. J. and Jonquiere, F. J. and Sleeckx, N. and Velkers, F. C. and Stegeman, J. A. and Dewulf, Jeroen and Postma, Merel}},
  issn         = {{0303-9021}},
  journal      = {{VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT}},
  keywords     = {{PIG PRODUCTION,INTERVENTIONS,USAGE,MYTH}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{6}},
  pages        = {{309--314}},
  title        = {{The ADKAR (R) change management model for farmer profiling with regard to antimicrobial stewardship in livestock production = Het ADKAR®-verandermodel voor typering van veehouders met betrekking tot verantwoord antibioticagebruik bij landbouwhuisdieren}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.21825/vdt.v89i6.17413}},
  volume       = {{89}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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