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The role of subjective experiences in conflict tasks : a review

(2021) PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA. 61(1). p.46-62
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Abstract
Cognitive control research is concerned with the question how we install adaptive behaviour in the case of (cognitive) conflict. In this review we focus on the role that awareness of this conflict plays in our ability to exert cognitive control. We will argue that visual conflict is not the only building block of metacognitive experiences of conflict and discuss how they are related to cognitive control. So, a first aim of the current review is to understand how these different metacognitive judgements are created. To do so, we draw some remarkable parallels with research on metacognition in decision making and memory research. Next, we elaborate on the relationship between metacognition and adaptive behaviour, with a specific focus on the role of subjective experiences in the Gratton effect. The grey areas that persist in the current literature are highlighted. In addition to deciphering the mechanisms of metacognitive judgements in cognitive control, this overview also aims to further enlarge our understanding of metacognitive abilities at a more general level.
Keywords
subjective experiences, metacognition, cognitive control, ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX, COGNITIVE CONTROL, PREFRONTAL CORTEX, DECISION-MAKING, SEQUENTIAL MODULATIONS, PROPORTION CONGRUENT, FEATURE-INTEGRATION, CONTROL MECHANISMS, ERROR-DETECTION, FRONTAL-CORTEX

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Citation

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MLA
Questienne, Laurence, et al. “The Role of Subjective Experiences in Conflict Tasks : A Review.” PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA, vol. 61, no. 1, 2021, pp. 46–62, doi:10.5334/pb.508.
APA
Questienne, L., van Dijck, J.-P., & Gevers, W. (2021). The role of subjective experiences in conflict tasks : a review. PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA, 61(1), 46–62. https://doi.org/10.5334/pb.508
Chicago author-date
Questienne, Laurence, Jean-Philippe van Dijck, and Wim Gevers. 2021. “The Role of Subjective Experiences in Conflict Tasks : A Review.” PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA 61 (1): 46–62. https://doi.org/10.5334/pb.508.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Questienne, Laurence, Jean-Philippe van Dijck, and Wim Gevers. 2021. “The Role of Subjective Experiences in Conflict Tasks : A Review.” PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA 61 (1): 46–62. doi:10.5334/pb.508.
Vancouver
1.
Questienne L, van Dijck J-P, Gevers W. The role of subjective experiences in conflict tasks : a review. PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA. 2021;61(1):46–62.
IEEE
[1]
L. Questienne, J.-P. van Dijck, and W. Gevers, “The role of subjective experiences in conflict tasks : a review,” PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 46–62, 2021.
@article{8692691,
  abstract     = {{Cognitive control research is concerned with the question how we install adaptive behaviour in the case of (cognitive) conflict. In this review we focus on the role that awareness of this conflict plays in our ability to exert cognitive control. We will argue that visual conflict is not the only building block of metacognitive experiences of conflict and discuss how they are related to cognitive control. So, a first aim of the current review is to understand how these different metacognitive judgements are created. To do so, we draw some remarkable parallels with research on metacognition in decision making and memory research. Next, we elaborate on the relationship between metacognition and adaptive behaviour, with a specific focus on the role of subjective experiences in the Gratton effect. The grey areas that persist in the current literature are highlighted. In addition to deciphering the mechanisms of metacognitive judgements in cognitive control, this overview also aims to further enlarge our understanding of metacognitive abilities at a more general level.}},
  author       = {{Questienne, Laurence and van Dijck, Jean-Philippe and Gevers, Wim}},
  issn         = {{0033-2879}},
  journal      = {{PSYCHOLOGICA BELGICA}},
  keywords     = {{subjective experiences,metacognition,cognitive control,ANTERIOR CINGULATE CORTEX,COGNITIVE CONTROL,PREFRONTAL CORTEX,DECISION-MAKING,SEQUENTIAL MODULATIONS,PROPORTION CONGRUENT,FEATURE-INTEGRATION,CONTROL MECHANISMS,ERROR-DETECTION,FRONTAL-CORTEX}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{46--62}},
  title        = {{The role of subjective experiences in conflict tasks : a review}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/pb.508}},
  volume       = {{61}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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