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School of choice or schools’ choice? Intersectional correspondence testing on ethnic and class discrimination in the enrolment procedure to Flemish kindergarten

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Abstract
Most research on intake focusses on the restrictions parents' capital cause on their abilities to choose. However, the steering effect of schools in the choice-process has been neglected. We chose the Flemish context to investigate ethnic- and class-discrimination in the enrolment to kindergarten (N = 2243). The Flemish education system is known for its exceptional 'freedom of choice' allowing parents to enrol their children into their school of preference without restrictions. Simultaneously, the education system is highly decentralized due to the principle of 'freedom of education' that grants high levels of autonomy to schools in creating their school policies. Using correspondence testing, the results show that schools act as gatekeepers using subtle discriminatory strategies to keep students with an underprivileged background out.
Keywords
racism, education, discrimination, Flanders, Belgium, correspondence testing, school choice, intersectionality, PERCEPTIONS, EDUCATION, TEACHERS, CHILDREN, RACISM, PUPILS

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Citation

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MLA
Bourabain, Dounia, et al. “School of Choice or Schools’ Choice? Intersectional Correspondence Testing on Ethnic and Class Discrimination in the Enrolment Procedure to Flemish Kindergarten.” RACE ETHNICITY AND EDUCATION, 2022, pp. 1–21, doi:10.1080/13613324.2020.1798379.
APA
Bourabain, D., Verhaeghe, P.-P., & Stevens, P. (2022). School of choice or schools’ choice? Intersectional correspondence testing on ethnic and class discrimination in the enrolment procedure to Flemish kindergarten. RACE ETHNICITY AND EDUCATION, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/13613324.2020.1798379
Chicago author-date
Bourabain, Dounia, Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe, and Peter Stevens. 2022. “School of Choice or Schools’ Choice? Intersectional Correspondence Testing on Ethnic and Class Discrimination in the Enrolment Procedure to Flemish Kindergarten.” RACE ETHNICITY AND EDUCATION, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/13613324.2020.1798379.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bourabain, Dounia, Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe, and Peter Stevens. 2022. “School of Choice or Schools’ Choice? Intersectional Correspondence Testing on Ethnic and Class Discrimination in the Enrolment Procedure to Flemish Kindergarten.” RACE ETHNICITY AND EDUCATION: 1–21. doi:10.1080/13613324.2020.1798379.
Vancouver
1.
Bourabain D, Verhaeghe P-P, Stevens P. School of choice or schools’ choice? Intersectional correspondence testing on ethnic and class discrimination in the enrolment procedure to Flemish kindergarten. RACE ETHNICITY AND EDUCATION. 2022;1–21.
IEEE
[1]
D. Bourabain, P.-P. Verhaeghe, and P. Stevens, “School of choice or schools’ choice? Intersectional correspondence testing on ethnic and class discrimination in the enrolment procedure to Flemish kindergarten,” RACE ETHNICITY AND EDUCATION, pp. 1–21, 2022.
@article{8692422,
  abstract     = {{Most research on intake focusses on the restrictions parents' capital cause on their abilities to choose. However, the steering effect of schools in the choice-process has been neglected. We chose the Flemish context to investigate ethnic- and class-discrimination in the enrolment to kindergarten (N = 2243). The Flemish education system is known for its exceptional 'freedom of choice' allowing parents to enrol their children into their school of preference without restrictions. Simultaneously, the education system is highly decentralized due to the principle of 'freedom of education' that grants high levels of autonomy to schools in creating their school policies. Using correspondence testing, the results show that schools act as gatekeepers using subtle discriminatory strategies to keep students with an underprivileged background out.}},
  author       = {{Bourabain, Dounia and Verhaeghe, Pieter-Paul and Stevens, Peter}},
  issn         = {{1361-3324}},
  journal      = {{RACE ETHNICITY AND EDUCATION}},
  keywords     = {{racism,education,discrimination,Flanders,Belgium,correspondence testing,school choice,intersectionality,PERCEPTIONS,EDUCATION,TEACHERS,CHILDREN,RACISM,PUPILS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{1--21}},
  title        = {{School of choice or schools’ choice? Intersectional correspondence testing on ethnic and class discrimination in the enrolment procedure to Flemish kindergarten}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13613324.2020.1798379}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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