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Confessional coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands : the case of the Geuzenhoek (1680-1730)

Roman Roobroeck (UGent)
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Abstract
For decades, early modern historians have stressed the religious differences between the Dutch Republic and the Habsburg Netherlands. The former is usually represented as a tolerant Reformed state, while the latter is represented as a repressive Catholic regime. By consequence, the similarities in terms of confessional coexistence have never been considered. This article seeks to fill that gap by reviewing the Geuzenhoek, a small rural Reformed minority group in Flanders. Fortunately, a plethora of available sources allows us to research the interactions between the Protestants and the Catholic majority. This article shows that the divide between public worship and private devotion played a key role in keeping peaceful interreligious relations and that a stable system of connivance dominated the local framework. This situation was very similar to that of the Dutch Republic. As a result, this study concludes that confessional coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands should be re-evaluated and merits further investigation.
Keywords
History, Geuzenhoek, Protestant, Reformation, Habsburg Netherlands, Horebeke, Olijfberg, Protestantism, Reformed, coexistence, toleration, tolerance, religious violence, connivance

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MLA
Roobroeck, Roman. “Confessional Coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands : The Case of the Geuzenhoek (1680-1730).” BMGN-THE LOW COUNTRIES HISTORICAL REVIEW, vol. 136, no. 4, 2021, pp. 3–26, doi:10.51769/bmgn-lchr.7006.
APA
Roobroeck, R. (2021). Confessional coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands : the case of the Geuzenhoek (1680-1730). BMGN-THE LOW COUNTRIES HISTORICAL REVIEW, 136(4), 3–26. https://doi.org/10.51769/bmgn-lchr.7006
Chicago author-date
Roobroeck, Roman. 2021. “Confessional Coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands : The Case of the Geuzenhoek (1680-1730).” BMGN-THE LOW COUNTRIES HISTORICAL REVIEW 136 (4): 3–26. https://doi.org/10.51769/bmgn-lchr.7006.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Roobroeck, Roman. 2021. “Confessional Coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands : The Case of the Geuzenhoek (1680-1730).” BMGN-THE LOW COUNTRIES HISTORICAL REVIEW 136 (4): 3–26. doi:10.51769/bmgn-lchr.7006.
Vancouver
1.
Roobroeck R. Confessional coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands : the case of the Geuzenhoek (1680-1730). BMGN-THE LOW COUNTRIES HISTORICAL REVIEW. 2021;136(4):3–26.
IEEE
[1]
R. Roobroeck, “Confessional coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands : the case of the Geuzenhoek (1680-1730),” BMGN-THE LOW COUNTRIES HISTORICAL REVIEW, vol. 136, no. 4, pp. 3–26, 2021.
@article{8692419,
  abstract     = {{For decades, early modern historians have stressed the religious differences between the Dutch Republic and the Habsburg Netherlands. The former is usually represented as a tolerant Reformed state, while the latter is represented as a repressive Catholic regime. By consequence, the similarities in terms of confessional coexistence have never been considered. This article seeks to fill that gap by reviewing the Geuzenhoek, a small rural Reformed minority group in Flanders. Fortunately, a plethora of available sources allows us to research the interactions between the Protestants and the Catholic majority. This article shows that the divide between public worship and private devotion played a key role in keeping peaceful interreligious relations and that a stable system of connivance dominated the local framework. This situation was very similar to that of the Dutch Republic. As a result, this study concludes that confessional coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands should be re-evaluated and merits further investigation.}},
  author       = {{Roobroeck, Roman}},
  issn         = {{0165-0505}},
  journal      = {{BMGN-THE LOW COUNTRIES HISTORICAL REVIEW}},
  keywords     = {{History,Geuzenhoek,Protestant,Reformation,Habsburg Netherlands,Horebeke,Olijfberg,Protestantism,Reformed,coexistence,toleration,tolerance,religious violence,connivance}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{3--26}},
  title        = {{Confessional coexistence in the Habsburg Netherlands : the case of the Geuzenhoek (1680-1730)}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.51769/bmgn-lchr.7006}},
  volume       = {{136}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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