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Does musical interaction in a jazz duet modulate peripersonal space?

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Abstract
Researchers have widely studied peripersonal space (the space within reach) in the last 20 years with a focus on its plasticity following the use of tools and, more recently, social interactions. Ensemble music is a sophisticated joint action that is typically explored in its temporal rather than spatial dimensions, even within embodied approaches. We, therefore, devised a new paradigm in which two musicians could perform a jazz standard either in a cooperative (correct harmony) or uncooperative (incorrect harmony) condition, under the hypothesis that their peripersonal spaces are modulated by the interaction. We exploited a well-established audio-tactile integration task as a proxy for such a space. After the performances, we measured reaction times to tactile stimuli on the subjects' right hand and auditory stimuli delivered at two different distances, (next to the subject and next to the partner). Considering previous literature's evidence that integration of two different stimuli (e.g. a tactile and an auditory stimulus) is faster in near space compared to far space, we predicted that a cooperative interaction would have extended the peripersonal space of the musicians towards their partner, facilitating reaction times to bimodal stimuli in both spaces. Surprisingly, we obtained complementary results in terms of an increase of reaction times to tactile-auditory near stimuli, but only following the uncooperative condition. We interpret this finding as a suppression of the subject's peripersonal space or as a withdrawal from the uncooperative partner. Subjective reports and correlations between these reports and reaction times comply with that interpretation. Finally, we determined an overall better multisensory integration competence in musicians compared to non-musicians tested in the same task.
Keywords
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Developmental and Educational Psychology, General Medicine, TEMPORAL COORDINATION, TOOL-USE, SYNCHRONIZATION, COMMUNICATION, SENSORIMOTOR, PERFORMANCE, PERCEPTION, COGNITION, PIANISTS, BRAIN

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MLA
Dell’Anna, Alessandro, et al. “Does Musical Interaction in a Jazz Duet Modulate Peripersonal Space?” PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG, 2021, doi:10.1007/s00426-020-01365-6.
APA
Dell’Anna, A., Rosso, M., Bruno, V., Garbarini, F., Leman, M., & Berti, A. (2021). Does musical interaction in a jazz duet modulate peripersonal space? PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01365-6
Chicago author-date
Dell’Anna, Alessandro, Mattia Rosso, V. Bruno, F. Garbarini, Marc Leman, and A. Berti. 2021. “Does Musical Interaction in a Jazz Duet Modulate Peripersonal Space?” PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01365-6.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dell’Anna, Alessandro, Mattia Rosso, V. Bruno, F. Garbarini, Marc Leman, and A. Berti. 2021. “Does Musical Interaction in a Jazz Duet Modulate Peripersonal Space?” PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG. doi:10.1007/s00426-020-01365-6.
Vancouver
1.
Dell’Anna A, Rosso M, Bruno V, Garbarini F, Leman M, Berti A. Does musical interaction in a jazz duet modulate peripersonal space? PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG. 2021;
IEEE
[1]
A. Dell’Anna, M. Rosso, V. Bruno, F. Garbarini, M. Leman, and A. Berti, “Does musical interaction in a jazz duet modulate peripersonal space?,” PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG, 2021.
@article{8692305,
  abstract     = {{Researchers have widely studied peripersonal space (the space within reach) in the last 20 years with a focus on its plasticity following the use of tools and, more recently, social interactions. Ensemble music is a sophisticated joint action that is typically explored in its temporal rather than spatial dimensions, even within embodied approaches. We, therefore, devised a new paradigm in which two musicians could perform a jazz standard either in a cooperative (correct harmony) or uncooperative (incorrect harmony) condition, under the hypothesis that their peripersonal spaces are modulated by the interaction. We exploited a well-established audio-tactile integration task as a proxy for such a space. After the performances, we measured reaction times to tactile stimuli on the subjects' right hand and auditory stimuli delivered at two different distances, (next to the subject and next to the partner). Considering previous literature's evidence that integration of two different stimuli (e.g. a tactile and an auditory stimulus) is faster in near space compared to far space, we predicted that a cooperative interaction would have extended the peripersonal space of the musicians towards their partner, facilitating reaction times to bimodal stimuli in both spaces. Surprisingly, we obtained complementary results in terms of an increase of reaction times to tactile-auditory near stimuli, but only following the uncooperative condition. We interpret this finding as a suppression of the subject's peripersonal space or as a withdrawal from the uncooperative partner. Subjective reports and correlations between these reports and reaction times comply with that interpretation. Finally, we determined an overall better multisensory integration competence in musicians compared to non-musicians tested in the same task.}},
  author       = {{Dell'Anna, Alessandro and Rosso, Mattia and Bruno, V. and Garbarini, F. and Leman, Marc and Berti, A.}},
  issn         = {{0340-0727}},
  journal      = {{PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG}},
  keywords     = {{Experimental and Cognitive Psychology,Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous),Developmental and Educational Psychology,General Medicine,TEMPORAL COORDINATION,TOOL-USE,SYNCHRONIZATION,COMMUNICATION,SENSORIMOTOR,PERFORMANCE,PERCEPTION,COGNITION,PIANISTS,BRAIN}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  title        = {{Does musical interaction in a jazz duet modulate peripersonal space?}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01365-6}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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