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Euthanasia in Belgium : shortcomings of the law and its application and of the monitoring of practice

Kasper Raus (UGent) , Bert Vanderhaegen (UGent) and Sigrid Sterckx (UGent)
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Abstract
In 2002 with the passing of the Euthanasia Law, Belgium became one of the few countries worldwide to legalize euthanasia. In the 18 years since the passing of the law, much has changed. We argue that in Belgium a widening of he use of euthanasia is occurring and that this can be ethically and legally problematic. This is in part related to the fact that several legal requirements intended to operate as safeguards and procedural guarantees in reality often fail to operate as such. We focus on three kinds of safeguards or procedural guarantees: (1) the legally defined due care criteria for eligibility for euthanasia; (2) the consultation of a second (and sometimes third) physician; and (3) the reporting of euthanasia cases to the Federal Control and Evaluation Commission for Euthanasia. We will show how each of these three safeguards can exhibit shortcomings in theory and practice.
Keywords
Philosophy, Issues, ethics and legal aspects, General Medicine, Belgium, euthanasia, law, ethical analysis, shortcomings

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MLA
Raus, Kasper, et al. “Euthanasia in Belgium : Shortcomings of the Law and Its Application and of the Monitoring of Practice.” JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY, vol. 46, no. 1, 2021, pp. 80–107, doi:10.1093/jmp/jhaa031.
APA
Raus, K., Vanderhaegen, B., & Sterckx, S. (2021). Euthanasia in Belgium : shortcomings of the law and its application and of the monitoring of practice. JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY, 46(1), 80–107. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmp/jhaa031
Chicago author-date
Raus, Kasper, Bert Vanderhaegen, and Sigrid Sterckx. 2021. “Euthanasia in Belgium : Shortcomings of the Law and Its Application and of the Monitoring of Practice.” JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY 46 (1): 80–107. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmp/jhaa031.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Raus, Kasper, Bert Vanderhaegen, and Sigrid Sterckx. 2021. “Euthanasia in Belgium : Shortcomings of the Law and Its Application and of the Monitoring of Practice.” JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY 46 (1): 80–107. doi:10.1093/jmp/jhaa031.
Vancouver
1.
Raus K, Vanderhaegen B, Sterckx S. Euthanasia in Belgium : shortcomings of the law and its application and of the monitoring of practice. JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY. 2021;46(1):80–107.
IEEE
[1]
K. Raus, B. Vanderhaegen, and S. Sterckx, “Euthanasia in Belgium : shortcomings of the law and its application and of the monitoring of practice,” JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 80–107, 2021.
@article{8691899,
  abstract     = {{In 2002 with the passing of the Euthanasia Law, Belgium became one of the few countries worldwide to legalize euthanasia. In the 18 years since the passing of the law, much has changed. We argue that in Belgium a widening of he use of euthanasia is occurring and that this can be ethically and legally problematic. This is in part related to the fact that several legal requirements intended to operate as safeguards and procedural guarantees in reality often fail to operate as such. We focus on three kinds of safeguards or procedural guarantees: (1) the legally defined due care criteria for eligibility for euthanasia; (2) the consultation of a second (and sometimes third) physician; and (3) the reporting of euthanasia cases to the Federal Control and Evaluation Commission for Euthanasia. We will show how each of these three safeguards can exhibit shortcomings in theory and practice.}},
  author       = {{Raus, Kasper and Vanderhaegen, Bert and Sterckx, Sigrid}},
  issn         = {{0360-5310}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY}},
  keywords     = {{Philosophy,Issues,ethics and legal aspects,General Medicine,Belgium,euthanasia,law,ethical analysis,shortcomings}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{80--107}},
  title        = {{Euthanasia in Belgium : shortcomings of the law and its application and of the monitoring of practice}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jmp/jhaa031}},
  volume       = {{46}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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