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Time-encoding analog-to-digital converters : bridging the analog gap to advanced digital CMOS : part 1: basic principles

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Abstract
The scaling of CMOS technology deep into the nanometer range has created challenges for the design of highperformance analog ICs. The shrinking supply voltage and presence of mismatch and noise restrain the dynamic range, causing analog circuits to be large in area and have a high power consumption in spite of the process scaling. Analog circuits based on time encoding [1], [2] and hybrid analog/digital signal processing [3] have been developed to overcome these issues. Realizing analog circuit functionality with highly digital circuits results in more scalable design solutions that can achieve excellent performance. This article reviews the basic principles of time encoding applied, in particular, to analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) based on voltage-controlled oscillators (VCOs), one of the most successful time-encoding techniques to date.

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MLA
Gielen, Georges G. E., et al. “Time-Encoding Analog-to-Digital Converters : Bridging the Analog Gap to Advanced Digital CMOS : Part 1: Basic Principles.” IEEE SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS MAGAZINE, vol. 12, no. 2, 2020, pp. 47–55, doi:10.1109/MSSC.2020.2987536.
APA
Gielen, G. G. E., Hernandez, L., & Rombouts, P. (2020). Time-encoding analog-to-digital converters : bridging the analog gap to advanced digital CMOS : part 1: basic principles. IEEE SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS MAGAZINE, 12(2), 47–55. https://doi.org/10.1109/MSSC.2020.2987536
Chicago author-date
Gielen, Georges G. E., Luis Hernandez, and Pieter Rombouts. 2020. “Time-Encoding Analog-to-Digital Converters : Bridging the Analog Gap to Advanced Digital CMOS : Part 1: Basic Principles.” IEEE SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS MAGAZINE 12 (2): 47–55. https://doi.org/10.1109/MSSC.2020.2987536.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Gielen, Georges G. E., Luis Hernandez, and Pieter Rombouts. 2020. “Time-Encoding Analog-to-Digital Converters : Bridging the Analog Gap to Advanced Digital CMOS : Part 1: Basic Principles.” IEEE SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS MAGAZINE 12 (2): 47–55. doi:10.1109/MSSC.2020.2987536.
Vancouver
1.
Gielen GGE, Hernandez L, Rombouts P. Time-encoding analog-to-digital converters : bridging the analog gap to advanced digital CMOS : part 1: basic principles. IEEE SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS MAGAZINE. 2020;12(2):47–55.
IEEE
[1]
G. G. E. Gielen, L. Hernandez, and P. Rombouts, “Time-encoding analog-to-digital converters : bridging the analog gap to advanced digital CMOS : part 1: basic principles,” IEEE SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS MAGAZINE, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 47–55, 2020.
@article{8689627,
  abstract     = {{The scaling of CMOS technology deep into the nanometer range has created challenges for the design of highperformance analog ICs. The shrinking supply voltage and presence of mismatch and noise restrain the dynamic range, causing analog circuits to be large in area and have a high power consumption in spite of the process scaling. Analog circuits based on time encoding [1], [2] and hybrid analog/digital signal processing [3] have been developed to overcome these issues. Realizing analog circuit functionality with highly digital circuits results in more scalable design solutions that can achieve excellent performance. This article reviews the basic principles of time encoding applied, in particular, to analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) based on voltage-controlled oscillators (VCOs), one of the most successful time-encoding techniques to date.}},
  author       = {{Gielen, Georges G. E. and Hernandez, Luis and Rombouts, Pieter}},
  issn         = {{1943-0582}},
  journal      = {{IEEE SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS MAGAZINE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{47--55}},
  title        = {{Time-encoding analog-to-digital converters : bridging the analog gap to advanced digital CMOS : part 1: basic principles}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1109/MSSC.2020.2987536}},
  volume       = {{12}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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