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Quantitative assessment of the influence of external magnetic field on clustering of nano-Fe3O4 particles in cementitious paste

Dengwu Jiao (UGent) , Karel Lesage (UGent) , Mert Yücel Yardimci (UGent) , Khadija El Cheikh (UGent) , Caijun Shi and Geert De Schutter (UGent)
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Abstract
In view of active rheology control of cementitious materials, nano-Fe3O4 can be added as responsive particles. Following the concept of magnetorheological fluids, it is assumed that magnetic nanoparticles will form chains or clusters in cementitious paste following magnetic field lines. A quantitative experimental validation of this assumption is presented herein. The clustering of nano-Fe3O4 particles under magnetic fields is studied by mapping iron (Fe) element distribution in cementitious paste using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. By means of image analysis, the Fe-element patterns are quantified by the deviation of Fe-elements in a unit area from the mean value expected in case of a uniform distribution, as expressed by coefficient of variation (COV). The magneto-rheological responses of cementitious pastes are evaluated using small amplitude oscillatory shear technique. Results show that the magneto-rheological effect exhibits a linear relationship with the relative change of COV, providing a quantitative validation of magnetic clustering in cementitious paste.
Keywords
Active rheology control (ARC), Cement paste, Fe-element distribution, Magnetic field, Nano-Fe3O4 particles

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MLA
Jiao, Dengwu, et al. “Quantitative Assessment of the Influence of External Magnetic Field on Clustering of Nano-Fe3O4 Particles in Cementitious Paste.” CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH, vol. 142, 2021, doi:10.1016/j.cemconres.2020.106345.
APA
Jiao, D., Lesage, K., Yardimci, M. Y., El Cheikh, K., Shi, C., & De Schutter, G. (2021). Quantitative assessment of the influence of external magnetic field on clustering of nano-Fe3O4 particles in cementitious paste. CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH, 142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2020.106345
Chicago author-date
Jiao, Dengwu, Karel Lesage, Mert Yücel Yardimci, Khadija El Cheikh, Caijun Shi, and Geert De Schutter. 2021. “Quantitative Assessment of the Influence of External Magnetic Field on Clustering of Nano-Fe3O4 Particles in Cementitious Paste.” CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH 142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2020.106345.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Jiao, Dengwu, Karel Lesage, Mert Yücel Yardimci, Khadija El Cheikh, Caijun Shi, and Geert De Schutter. 2021. “Quantitative Assessment of the Influence of External Magnetic Field on Clustering of Nano-Fe3O4 Particles in Cementitious Paste.” CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH 142. doi:10.1016/j.cemconres.2020.106345.
Vancouver
1.
Jiao D, Lesage K, Yardimci MY, El Cheikh K, Shi C, De Schutter G. Quantitative assessment of the influence of external magnetic field on clustering of nano-Fe3O4 particles in cementitious paste. CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH. 2021;142.
IEEE
[1]
D. Jiao, K. Lesage, M. Y. Yardimci, K. El Cheikh, C. Shi, and G. De Schutter, “Quantitative assessment of the influence of external magnetic field on clustering of nano-Fe3O4 particles in cementitious paste,” CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH, vol. 142, 2021.
@article{8687511,
  abstract     = {{In view of active rheology control of cementitious materials, nano-Fe3O4 can be added as responsive particles. Following the concept of magnetorheological fluids, it is assumed that magnetic nanoparticles will form chains or clusters in cementitious paste following magnetic field lines. A quantitative experimental validation of this assumption is presented herein. The clustering of nano-Fe3O4 particles under magnetic fields is studied by mapping iron (Fe) element distribution in cementitious paste using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. By means of image analysis, the Fe-element patterns are quantified by the deviation of Fe-elements in a unit area from the mean value expected in case of a uniform distribution, as expressed by coefficient of variation (COV). The magneto-rheological responses of cementitious pastes are evaluated using small amplitude oscillatory shear technique. Results show that the magneto-rheological effect exhibits a linear relationship with the relative change of COV, providing a quantitative validation of magnetic clustering in cementitious paste.}},
  articleno    = {{106345}},
  author       = {{Jiao, Dengwu and Lesage, Karel and Yardimci, Mert Yücel and El Cheikh, Khadija and Shi, Caijun and De Schutter, Geert}},
  issn         = {{0008-8846}},
  journal      = {{CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH}},
  keywords     = {{Active rheology control (ARC),Cement paste,Fe-element distribution,Magnetic field,Nano-Fe3O4 particles}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{13}},
  title        = {{Quantitative assessment of the influence of external magnetic field on clustering of nano-Fe3O4 particles in cementitious paste}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2020.106345}},
  volume       = {{142}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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