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Inferring site function and technological organization from combined spatial, technological and microwear-analyses at the Mesolithic wetland site of Kerkhove-Stuw, northwestern Belgium (preliminary results)

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Abstract
The extensive Mesolithic site of Kerkhove-Stuw was located on the top of a natural levee,adjacent to a palaeochannel of the river Scheldt. Subsequently (from the boreal onwards),the landscape was covered by approximately 4,5m to 9m of peat and alluvial clay. The infillof the palaeochannel deposits were studied by means of a high-resolution multi-proxy analysis(i.e. pollen, microcharcoal, loss on ignition, magnetic susceptibility, granulometry, molluscfauna ...etc.) to reconstruct the varying ecological settings of the prehistoric occupation.The excavations yielded thirteen spatially distinct concentrations of lithic artefacts thatcould be dated to the Early, the Middle and the Late Mesolithic, based on typology. Thiswas partly confirmed by 14C-dates on single entity charred hazelnut shells. Additionally,the site had great potential for a comprehensive technological analysis thanks to the overalllow-density of the lithic concentrations and the diversity of macroscopically discernable rawmaterial categories.Besides lithics, a considerable amount of unburnt and burnt bone fragments, and palaeob-otanical remains were documented. The preservation of a faunal assemblage (dominated byroe deer and wild boar, but also comprised of fur animals and fish remains) is exceptionalfor the Early and Middle Mesolithic in the region and will allow us, for the first time, to gaina better understanding of Mesolithic subsistence practices.Finally, to determine the inter- and intrasite functional properties and aspects of the tech-nological organization of the thirteen lithic concentrations, the spatial distribution of thedifferent types of material remains are studied, combined with a technological and microwearanalysis of the lithic artefacts. For example, the location of ten possible surface hearths couldbe derived from heavily burnt lithic artefacts and burnt organic remains. So far, preliminary results from the technological analysis indicate the presence of several expedient technolo-gies, more elaborate opposed striking platform knapping sequences and a possible diachronicevolution in preferential raw material use. Both spatial analyses and lithic technology arereinforced by an extensive microwear analysis that can specify the objectives of the knappingsequences and mostly the spatial organization of the different activities (butchery, hide andplant scraping, osseous tools manufacturing...) for each occupation phase.In the future, the results from Kerkhove will have to be compared with those previouslyobtained with the same protocol from other (dryland) sites in northwestern Belgium.
Keywords
Mesolithic, spatial analysis, lithic technology, microwear analysis

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MLA
Vandendriessche, Hans, et al. “Inferring Site Function and Technological Organization from Combined Spatial, Technological and Microwear-Analyses at the Mesolithic Wetland Site of Kerkhove-Stuw, Northwestern Belgium (Preliminary Results).” Compte-Rendu Du XVIII° Congrès Mondial de l’UISPP, 2018.
APA
Vandendriessche, H., Guéret, C., Sergant, J., Storme, A., Cruz, F., Allemeersch, L., … Crombé, P. (2018). Inferring site function and technological organization from combined spatial, technological and microwear-analyses at the Mesolithic wetland site of Kerkhove-Stuw, northwestern Belgium (preliminary results). In Compte-rendu du XVIII° congrès mondial de l’UISPP. Paris, France.
Chicago author-date
Vandendriessche, Hans, Colas Guéret, Joris Sergant, Annelies Storme, Frédéric Cruz, Luc Allemeersch, Kim Aluwé, and Philippe Crombé. 2018. “Inferring Site Function and Technological Organization from Combined Spatial, Technological and Microwear-Analyses at the Mesolithic Wetland Site of Kerkhove-Stuw, Northwestern Belgium (Preliminary Results).” In Compte-Rendu Du XVIII° Congrès Mondial de l’UISPP.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vandendriessche, Hans, Colas Guéret, Joris Sergant, Annelies Storme, Frédéric Cruz, Luc Allemeersch, Kim Aluwé, and Philippe Crombé. 2018. “Inferring Site Function and Technological Organization from Combined Spatial, Technological and Microwear-Analyses at the Mesolithic Wetland Site of Kerkhove-Stuw, Northwestern Belgium (Preliminary Results).” In Compte-Rendu Du XVIII° Congrès Mondial de l’UISPP.
Vancouver
1.
Vandendriessche H, Guéret C, Sergant J, Storme A, Cruz F, Allemeersch L, et al. Inferring site function and technological organization from combined spatial, technological and microwear-analyses at the Mesolithic wetland site of Kerkhove-Stuw, northwestern Belgium (preliminary results). In: Compte-rendu du XVIII° congrès mondial de l’UISPP. 2018.
IEEE
[1]
H. Vandendriessche et al., “Inferring site function and technological organization from combined spatial, technological and microwear-analyses at the Mesolithic wetland site of Kerkhove-Stuw, northwestern Belgium (preliminary results),” in Compte-rendu du XVIII° congrès mondial de l’UISPP, Paris, France, 2018.
@inproceedings{8686354,
  abstract     = {The extensive Mesolithic site of Kerkhove-Stuw was located on the top of a natural levee,adjacent to a palaeochannel of the river Scheldt.  Subsequently (from the boreal onwards),the landscape was covered by approximately 4,5m to 9m of peat and alluvial clay.  The infillof the palaeochannel deposits were studied by means of a high-resolution multi-proxy analysis(i.e.  pollen, microcharcoal, loss on ignition, magnetic susceptibility, granulometry, molluscfauna ...etc.)  to reconstruct the varying ecological settings of the prehistoric occupation.The  excavations  yielded  thirteen  spatially  distinct  concentrations  of  lithic  artefacts  thatcould be dated to the Early, the Middle and the Late Mesolithic, based on typology.  Thiswas  partly  confirmed  by  14C-dates  on  single  entity  charred  hazelnut  shells.   Additionally,the site had great potential for a comprehensive technological analysis thanks to the overalllow-density of the lithic concentrations and the diversity of macroscopically discernable rawmaterial categories.Besides lithics, a considerable amount of unburnt and burnt bone fragments, and palaeob-otanical remains were documented.  The preservation of a faunal assemblage (dominated byroe deer and wild boar, but also comprised of fur animals and fish remains) is exceptionalfor the Early and Middle Mesolithic in the region and will allow us, for the first time, to gaina better understanding of Mesolithic subsistence practices.Finally, to determine the inter- and intrasite functional properties and aspects of the tech-nological  organization  of  the  thirteen  lithic  concentrations,  the  spatial  distribution  of  thedifferent types of material remains are studied, combined with a technological and microwearanalysis of the lithic artefacts.  For example, the location of ten possible surface hearths couldbe derived from heavily burnt lithic artefacts and burnt organic remains.  So far, preliminary results from the technological analysis indicate the presence of several expedient technolo-gies, more elaborate opposed striking platform knapping sequences and a possible diachronicevolution in preferential raw material use.  Both spatial analyses and lithic technology arereinforced by an extensive microwear analysis that can specify the objectives of the knappingsequences and mostly the spatial organization of the different activities (butchery, hide andplant scraping, osseous tools manufacturing...)  for each occupation phase.In  the  future,  the  results  from  Kerkhove  will  have  to  be  compared  with  those  previouslyobtained with the same protocol from other (dryland) sites in northwestern Belgium.},
  author       = {Vandendriessche, Hans and Guéret, Colas and Sergant, Joris and Storme, Annelies and Cruz, Frédéric and Allemeersch, Luc and Aluwé, Kim and Crombé, Philippe},
  booktitle    = {Compte-rendu du XVIII° congrès mondial de l’UISPP},
  keywords     = {Mesolithic,spatial analysis,lithic technology,microwear analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Paris, France},
  title        = {Inferring site function and technological organization from combined spatial, technological and microwear-analyses at the Mesolithic wetland site of Kerkhove-Stuw, northwestern Belgium (preliminary results)},
  url          = {https://uispp2018.sciencesconf.org/180438},
  year         = {2018},
}