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Epidemiological trends in attempted suicide in adolescents and young adults between 1996 and 2004

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Abstract
Background: Notwithstanding the epidemiological studies indicating an increased risk of attempted suicide among adolescents and young adults, there is a scarcity of international studies that examine long-term epidemiological trends in rates and characteristics of this vulnerable group. Aims: This article describes the results of a 9-year monitoring study of suicide attempts in adolescents and young adults referred to the Accident and Emergency Department of the Gent University Hospital (Belgium). Methods: Between January 1996 and December 2004, trends, sociodemographic, and methodrelated characteristics of suicide attempts were assessed by a psychiatrist on data sheets. Results: Attempted suicide rates declined from 1996 to 2001 and then rose until 2004, but did not exceed previous rates. During the 9 years of monitoring, there was a preponderance of female suicide attempters, except for 1997. Rates of attempts and of fatal suicide were negatively correlated. Significantly more males than females deliberately injured themselves. Younger attempters, especially females, significantly more often poisoned themselves with analgesics. In nearly one in five attempts, alcohol was used in combination with other methods, and alcohol intake was more commonly observed in older suicide attempters. Nearly half of the adolescents were identified as repeaters. Conclusions: The results of this study warrant further monitoring of trends and characteristics of young suicide attempters.
Keywords
suicide, young adults, adolescents, attempted suicide, epidemiology, prevention, DELIBERATE SELF-HARM, BEHAVIOR, OXFORD, MULTICENTER, EUROPE, RATES

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MLA
De Munck, Stephanie, Gwendolyn Portzky, and Cornelis Van Heeringen. “Epidemiological Trends in Attempted Suicide in Adolescents and Young Adults Between 1996 and 2004.” CRISIS-THE JOURNAL OF CRISIS INTERVENTION AND SUICIDE PREVENTION 30.3 (2009): 115–119. Print.
APA
De Munck, S., Portzky, G., & Van Heeringen, C. (2009). Epidemiological trends in attempted suicide in adolescents and young adults between 1996 and 2004. CRISIS-THE JOURNAL OF CRISIS INTERVENTION AND SUICIDE PREVENTION, 30(3), 115–119.
Chicago author-date
De Munck, Stephanie, Gwendolyn Portzky, and Cornelis Van Heeringen. 2009. “Epidemiological Trends in Attempted Suicide in Adolescents and Young Adults Between 1996 and 2004.” Crisis-the Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention 30 (3): 115–119.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Munck, Stephanie, Gwendolyn Portzky, and Cornelis Van Heeringen. 2009. “Epidemiological Trends in Attempted Suicide in Adolescents and Young Adults Between 1996 and 2004.” Crisis-the Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention 30 (3): 115–119.
Vancouver
1.
De Munck S, Portzky G, Van Heeringen C. Epidemiological trends in attempted suicide in adolescents and young adults between 1996 and 2004. CRISIS-THE JOURNAL OF CRISIS INTERVENTION AND SUICIDE PREVENTION. 2009;30(3):115–9.
IEEE
[1]
S. De Munck, G. Portzky, and C. Van Heeringen, “Epidemiological trends in attempted suicide in adolescents and young adults between 1996 and 2004,” CRISIS-THE JOURNAL OF CRISIS INTERVENTION AND SUICIDE PREVENTION, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 115–119, 2009.
@article{868389,
  abstract     = {{Background: Notwithstanding the epidemiological studies indicating an increased risk of attempted suicide among adolescents and young adults, there is a scarcity of international studies that examine long-term epidemiological trends in rates and characteristics of this vulnerable group. Aims: This article describes the results of a 9-year monitoring study of suicide attempts in adolescents and young adults referred to the Accident and Emergency Department of the Gent University Hospital (Belgium). Methods: Between January 1996 and December 2004, trends, sociodemographic, and methodrelated characteristics of suicide attempts were assessed by a psychiatrist on data sheets.
Results: Attempted suicide rates declined from 1996 to 2001 and then rose until 2004, but did not exceed previous rates. During the 9 years of monitoring, there was a preponderance of female suicide attempters, except for 1997. Rates of attempts and of fatal suicide were negatively correlated. Significantly more males than females deliberately injured themselves. Younger attempters, especially females, significantly more often poisoned themselves with analgesics. In nearly one in five attempts, alcohol was used in combination with other methods, and alcohol intake was more commonly observed in older suicide attempters. Nearly half of the adolescents were identified as repeaters.
Conclusions: The results of this study warrant further monitoring of trends and characteristics of young suicide attempters.}},
  author       = {{De Munck, Stephanie and Portzky, Gwendolyn and Van Heeringen, Cornelis}},
  issn         = {{0227-5910}},
  journal      = {{CRISIS-THE JOURNAL OF CRISIS INTERVENTION AND SUICIDE PREVENTION}},
  keywords     = {{suicide,young adults,adolescents,attempted suicide,epidemiology,prevention,DELIBERATE SELF-HARM,BEHAVIOR,OXFORD,MULTICENTER,EUROPE,RATES}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{115--119}},
  title        = {{Epidemiological trends in attempted suicide in adolescents and young adults between 1996 and 2004}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910.30.3.115}},
  volume       = {{30}},
  year         = {{2009}},
}

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