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Migration of surrogate contaminants from paperboard to foods : effect of food and surrogate properties

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Abstract
The current research describes an alternative test method to evaluate the impact of food properties and compound characteristics on migration from paperboard to food. Tightly sealed bottles containing paperboard spiked with surrogate components as a donor, together with modified polyphenylene oxide (MPPO or Tenax (R)) or one of the nine considered foods as a receptor, were stored at 22 degrees C. Instead of analysing the receptor, migration from donor to receptor was followed up by evaluating the recovery of surrogates from the donor over time, thus avoiding challenges in the analysis of the foods as such. Free fat content affected the migration more than the specific surface area of the food, reaching a plateau at fat contents >8.1%. The highest migration was observed to fatty foods such as biscuits (8% to 25% fat) and chocolate (40% fat). Intermediate migration occurred to starchy and particulate foods such as egg-based wheat pasta (2.6% fat), wheat flour (1% fat) and rice flour (0.5% fat). Low migration occurred in the case of paperboard in contact with wheat pasta (0.4% fat). Native starch was found to be more sensitive to migration than gelatinised starch. Volatility was identified as the most important characteristic of the migrating compounds. MPPO was considered as a suitable surrogate for dry foods as it did not underestimate migration in any case. However, for low-fat foods such as wheat pasta, clear overestimations could occur, but only for volatile surrogates with vapour pressure over 1.45 mTorr.
Keywords
TAPED BARRIER TEST, RECYCLED PAPERBOARD, PACKAGING MATERIALS, HYDROCARBON CONTAMINANTS, COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS, INCLUSION COMPLEXES, CONTACT MATERIALS, SOLID FOOD, SIMULANTS, MIGRANTS, Packaging migration, surrogates, MOSH, MOAH, food packaging

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MLA
Baele, Maarten, et al. “Migration of Surrogate Contaminants from Paperboard to Foods : Effect of Food and Surrogate Properties.” FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT, 2021, doi:10.1080/19440049.2020.1778184.
APA
Baele, M., Vermeulen, A., Claes, M., Ragaert, P., & De Meulenaer, B. (2021). Migration of surrogate contaminants from paperboard to foods : effect of food and surrogate properties. FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2020.1778184
Chicago author-date
Baele, Maarten, An Vermeulen, Maarten Claes, Peter Ragaert, and Bruno De Meulenaer. 2021. “Migration of Surrogate Contaminants from Paperboard to Foods : Effect of Food and Surrogate Properties.” FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2020.1778184.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Baele, Maarten, An Vermeulen, Maarten Claes, Peter Ragaert, and Bruno De Meulenaer. 2021. “Migration of Surrogate Contaminants from Paperboard to Foods : Effect of Food and Surrogate Properties.” FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT. doi:10.1080/19440049.2020.1778184.
Vancouver
1.
Baele M, Vermeulen A, Claes M, Ragaert P, De Meulenaer B. Migration of surrogate contaminants from paperboard to foods : effect of food and surrogate properties. FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT. 2021;
IEEE
[1]
M. Baele, A. Vermeulen, M. Claes, P. Ragaert, and B. De Meulenaer, “Migration of surrogate contaminants from paperboard to foods : effect of food and surrogate properties,” FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT, 2021.
@article{8683528,
  abstract     = {The current research describes an alternative test method to evaluate the impact of food properties and compound characteristics on migration from paperboard to food. Tightly sealed bottles containing paperboard spiked with surrogate components as a donor, together with modified polyphenylene oxide (MPPO or Tenax (R)) or one of the nine considered foods as a receptor, were stored at 22 degrees C. Instead of analysing the receptor, migration from donor to receptor was followed up by evaluating the recovery of surrogates from the donor over time, thus avoiding challenges in the analysis of the foods as such. Free fat content affected the migration more than the specific surface area of the food, reaching a plateau at fat contents >8.1%. The highest migration was observed to fatty foods such as biscuits (8% to 25% fat) and chocolate (40% fat). Intermediate migration occurred to starchy and particulate foods such as egg-based wheat pasta (2.6% fat), wheat flour (1% fat) and rice flour (0.5% fat). Low migration occurred in the case of paperboard in contact with wheat pasta (0.4% fat). Native starch was found to be more sensitive to migration than gelatinised starch. Volatility was identified as the most important characteristic of the migrating compounds. MPPO was considered as a suitable surrogate for dry foods as it did not underestimate migration in any case. However, for low-fat foods such as wheat pasta, clear overestimations could occur, but only for volatile surrogates with vapour pressure over 1.45 mTorr.},
  author       = {Baele, Maarten and Vermeulen, An and Claes, Maarten and Ragaert, Peter and De Meulenaer, Bruno},
  issn         = {1944-0049},
  journal      = {FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT},
  keywords     = {TAPED BARRIER TEST,RECYCLED PAPERBOARD,PACKAGING MATERIALS,HYDROCARBON CONTAMINANTS,COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS,INCLUSION COMPLEXES,CONTACT MATERIALS,SOLID FOOD,SIMULANTS,MIGRANTS,Packaging migration,surrogates,MOSH,MOAH,food packaging},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {19},
  title        = {Migration of surrogate contaminants from paperboard to foods : effect of food and surrogate properties},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2020.1778184},
  year         = {2021},
}

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