Advanced search
1 file | 634.56 KB Add to list

Reference values for 2‐dimensional and M‐mode echocardiography in Friesian and Warmblood horses

Ingrid Vernemmen (UGent) , Lisse Vera (UGent) , Glenn Van Steenkiste (UGent) , Gunther van Loon (UGent) and Annelies Decloedt (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Background Echocardiographic reference intervals for Friesian horses are poorly described. Objectives To obtain reference intervals for echocardiographic measurements in Friesians and compare these with Warmbloods. Animals One hundred healthy adult Friesians and 100 healthy adult Warmblood horses. Methods Cross-sectional study. Two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiographic images were obtained. Echocardiographic measurements, including size, area, and volumetric measurements of left atrium, left and right ventricle, aorta, and pulmonary artery, were performed. Measurements were compared between the 2 breeds using an independent samples t test with Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. Results Reference ranges for standard echocardiographic measurements in Friesians were obtained. Several left ventricular measurements were significantly smaller in Friesians compared to Warmbloods, such as the left ventricular end-diastolic volume using the 4-chamber modified Simpsons' method (99.85% confidence interval for the difference [CI] = -245 to -63). Also the right ventricular end-diastolic and peak-systolic internal diameter were smaller in Friesians (99.85% CI = -1.33 to -0.6 and 99.85% CI = -1.54 to -0.76, respectively). Fractional shortening (99.85% CI = 0.61-6) and ejection fraction (99.85% CI = 0.21-4.6) were significantly larger. No structural effects of systemic hypertension, such as concentric hypertrophy, were detected. Conclusions and Clinical Importance Our study provides reference intervals for echocardiographic measurements in Friesians useful in a clinical setting. In general, the left ventricular dimensions in Friesians were significantly smaller compared to Warmbloods, emphasizing the need for breed-specific reference intervals.
Keywords
aortic rupture, aortopulmonary fistula, cardiology, heart, LEFT-VENTRICULAR FUNCTION, THORACIC AORTIC RUPTURE, LEFT ATRIAL SIZE, VALVULAR REGURGITATION, WEIGHT ESTIMATION, BODY-WEIGHT, DOPPLER, BREED, ASSOCIATION, AGE

Downloads

  • 2020 Reference values for 2-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography in Friesian and Warmblood horses - Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine.pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 634.56 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Vernemmen, Ingrid, et al. “Reference Values for 2‐dimensional and M‐mode Echocardiography in Friesian and Warmblood Horses.” JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, vol. 34, no. 6, 2020, pp. 2701–09, doi:10.1111/jvim.15938.
APA
Vernemmen, I., Vera, L., Van Steenkiste, G., van Loon, G., & Decloedt, A. (2020). Reference values for 2‐dimensional and M‐mode echocardiography in Friesian and Warmblood horses. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 34(6), 2701–2709. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15938
Chicago author-date
Vernemmen, Ingrid, Lisse Vera, Glenn Van Steenkiste, Gunther van Loon, and Annelies Decloedt. 2020. “Reference Values for 2‐dimensional and M‐mode Echocardiography in Friesian and Warmblood Horses.” JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE 34 (6): 2701–9. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15938.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vernemmen, Ingrid, Lisse Vera, Glenn Van Steenkiste, Gunther van Loon, and Annelies Decloedt. 2020. “Reference Values for 2‐dimensional and M‐mode Echocardiography in Friesian and Warmblood Horses.” JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE 34 (6): 2701–2709. doi:10.1111/jvim.15938.
Vancouver
1.
Vernemmen I, Vera L, Van Steenkiste G, van Loon G, Decloedt A. Reference values for 2‐dimensional and M‐mode echocardiography in Friesian and Warmblood horses. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE. 2020;34(6):2701–9.
IEEE
[1]
I. Vernemmen, L. Vera, G. Van Steenkiste, G. van Loon, and A. Decloedt, “Reference values for 2‐dimensional and M‐mode echocardiography in Friesian and Warmblood horses,” JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 2701–2709, 2020.
@article{8682715,
  abstract     = {Background Echocardiographic reference intervals for Friesian horses are poorly described.

Objectives To obtain reference intervals for echocardiographic measurements in Friesians and compare these with Warmbloods.

Animals One hundred healthy adult Friesians and 100 healthy adult Warmblood horses.

Methods Cross-sectional study. Two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiographic images were obtained. Echocardiographic measurements, including size, area, and volumetric measurements of left atrium, left and right ventricle, aorta, and pulmonary artery, were performed. Measurements were compared between the 2 breeds using an independent samples t test with Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons.

Results Reference ranges for standard echocardiographic measurements in Friesians were obtained. Several left ventricular measurements were significantly smaller in Friesians compared to Warmbloods, such as the left ventricular end-diastolic volume using the 4-chamber modified Simpsons' method (99.85% confidence interval for the difference [CI] = -245 to -63). Also the right ventricular end-diastolic and peak-systolic internal diameter were smaller in Friesians (99.85% CI = -1.33 to -0.6 and 99.85% CI = -1.54 to -0.76, respectively). Fractional shortening (99.85% CI = 0.61-6) and ejection fraction (99.85% CI = 0.21-4.6) were significantly larger. No structural effects of systemic hypertension, such as concentric hypertrophy, were detected.

Conclusions and Clinical Importance Our study provides reference intervals for echocardiographic measurements in Friesians useful in a clinical setting. In general, the left ventricular dimensions in Friesians were significantly smaller compared to Warmbloods, emphasizing the need for breed-specific reference intervals.},
  author       = {Vernemmen, Ingrid and Vera, Lisse and Van Steenkiste, Glenn and van Loon, Gunther and Decloedt, Annelies},
  issn         = {0891-6640},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE},
  keywords     = {aortic rupture,aortopulmonary fistula,cardiology,heart,LEFT-VENTRICULAR FUNCTION,THORACIC AORTIC RUPTURE,LEFT ATRIAL SIZE,VALVULAR REGURGITATION,WEIGHT ESTIMATION,BODY-WEIGHT,DOPPLER,BREED,ASSOCIATION,AGE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2701--2709},
  title        = {Reference values for 2‐dimensional and M‐mode echocardiography in Friesian and Warmblood horses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15938},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2020},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: