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A morphology-independent search for gravitational wave echoes in data from the first and second observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo

(2020) PHYSICAL REVIEW D. 101(6).
Author
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Abstract
Gravitational wave echoes have been proposed as a smoking-gun signature of exotic compact objects with near-horizon structure. Recently there have been observational claims that echoes are indeed present in stretches of data from Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo immediately following gravitational wave signals from presumed binary black hole mergers, as well as a binary neutron star merger. In this paper we deploy a morphology-independent search algorithm for echoes introduced by Tsang et al. [Phys. Rev. D 98, 024023 (2018)], which (a) is able to accurately reconstruct a possible echoes signal with minimal assumptions about their morphology, and (b) computes Bayesian evidences for the hypotheses that the data contain a signal, an instrumental glitch, or just stationary, Gaussian noise. Here we apply this analysis method to all the significant events in the first Gravitational Wave Transient Catalog (GWTC-1), which comprises the signals from binary black hole and binary neutron star coalescences found during the first and second observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. In all cases, the ratios of evidences for signal versus noise and signal versus glitch do not rise above their respective "background distributions" obtained from detector noise, the smallest p-value being 3% (for event GW170823). Hence we find no statistically significant evidence for echoes in GWTC-1.

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MLA
Tsang, Ka Wa, et al. “A Morphology-Independent Search for Gravitational Wave Echoes in Data from the First and Second Observing Runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo.” PHYSICAL REVIEW D, vol. 101, no. 6, 2020, doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.101.064012.
APA
Tsang, K. W., Ghosh, A., Samajdar, A., Chatziioannou, K., Mastrogiovanni, S., Agathos, M., & Van Den Broeck, C. (2020). A morphology-independent search for gravitational wave echoes in data from the first and second observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 101(6). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.064012
Chicago author-date
Tsang, Ka Wa, Archisman Ghosh, Anuradha Samajdar, Katerina Chatziioannou, Simone Mastrogiovanni, Michalis Agathos, and Chris Van Den Broeck. 2020. “A Morphology-Independent Search for Gravitational Wave Echoes in Data from the First and Second Observing Runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo.” PHYSICAL REVIEW D 101 (6). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.064012.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Tsang, Ka Wa, Archisman Ghosh, Anuradha Samajdar, Katerina Chatziioannou, Simone Mastrogiovanni, Michalis Agathos, and Chris Van Den Broeck. 2020. “A Morphology-Independent Search for Gravitational Wave Echoes in Data from the First and Second Observing Runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo.” PHYSICAL REVIEW D 101 (6). doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.101.064012.
Vancouver
1.
Tsang KW, Ghosh A, Samajdar A, Chatziioannou K, Mastrogiovanni S, Agathos M, et al. A morphology-independent search for gravitational wave echoes in data from the first and second observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. PHYSICAL REVIEW D. 2020;101(6).
IEEE
[1]
K. W. Tsang et al., “A morphology-independent search for gravitational wave echoes in data from the first and second observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo,” PHYSICAL REVIEW D, vol. 101, no. 6, 2020.
@article{8682452,
  abstract     = {{Gravitational wave echoes have been proposed as a smoking-gun signature of exotic compact objects with near-horizon structure. Recently there have been observational claims that echoes are indeed present in stretches of data from Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo immediately following gravitational wave signals from presumed binary black hole mergers, as well as a binary neutron star merger. In this paper we deploy a morphology-independent search algorithm for echoes introduced by Tsang et al. [Phys. Rev. D 98, 024023 (2018)], which (a) is able to accurately reconstruct a possible echoes signal with minimal assumptions about their morphology, and (b) computes Bayesian evidences for the hypotheses that the data contain a signal, an instrumental glitch, or just stationary, Gaussian noise. Here we apply this analysis method to all the significant events in the first Gravitational Wave Transient Catalog (GWTC-1), which comprises the signals from binary black hole and binary neutron star coalescences found during the first and second observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. In all cases, the ratios of evidences for signal versus noise and signal versus glitch do not rise above their respective "background distributions" obtained from detector noise, the smallest p-value being 3% (for event GW170823). Hence we find no statistically significant evidence for echoes in GWTC-1.}},
  articleno    = {{064012}},
  author       = {{Tsang, Ka Wa and Ghosh, Archisman and Samajdar, Anuradha and Chatziioannou, Katerina and Mastrogiovanni, Simone and Agathos, Michalis and Van Den Broeck, Chris}},
  issn         = {{2470-0010}},
  journal      = {{PHYSICAL REVIEW D}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{6}},
  pages        = {{7}},
  title        = {{A morphology-independent search for gravitational wave echoes in data from the first and second observing runs of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.064012}},
  volume       = {{101}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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