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Problem behavior, parental stress and enuresis

(2009) JOURNAL OF UROLOGY. 182(4, suppl. 1). p.2015-2020
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Abstract
Purpose: We determined maternal and paternal ratings of problem behavior in 5 to 13-year-old children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis and investigated parental stress and the association between parental ratings of child behavior and parental stress. Materials and Methods: We compared problem behavior in 78 children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis vs that in 110 without enuresis using the Child Behavior Checklist and the Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale. Parental stress was measured using the Parenting Stress Index. Results: Maternal results replicated previous findings of significantly higher Child Behavior Checklist scores for externalizing and total problems compared with those in the control group, whereas no significant differences were found for paternal ratings. Mothers and fathers of enuretic children reported significantly higher scores on the Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity and oppositional defiant disorder subscales than parents of children without enuresis. The Parenting Stress Index revealed significantly higher overall stress in mothers and fathers of children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis compared with that in parents of controls. Especially parental stress related to child characteristics was associated with a greater report of child behavior problems. Conclusions: Each parent but especially mothers reported more problem behavior in children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis than in controls. They also reported more stress, which correlates highly with parental ratings of problem behavior in children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis.
Keywords
stress, child behavior, enuresis, psychological, urinary bladder, parents, PRIMARY NOCTURNAL ENURESIS, CHILDREN, SYMPTOMS

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Chicago
DE BRUYNE, ELKE, Eline Van Hoecke, Katrien Van Gompel, Sandra Verbeken, Dieter Baeyens, Piet Hoebeke, and Johan Vande Walle. 2009. “Problem Behavior, Parental Stress and Enuresis.” Journal of Urology 182 (4, suppl. 1): 2015–2020.
APA
DE BRUYNE, E., Van Hoecke, E., Van Gompel, K., Verbeken, S., Baeyens, D., Hoebeke, P., & Vande Walle, J. (2009). Problem behavior, parental stress and enuresis. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 182(4, suppl. 1), 2015–2020. Presented at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American-Academy-of Pediatrics/International-Childrens-Continence-Society.
Vancouver
1.
DE BRUYNE E, Van Hoecke E, Van Gompel K, Verbeken S, Baeyens D, Hoebeke P, et al. Problem behavior, parental stress and enuresis. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY. 2009;182(4, suppl. 1):2015–20.
MLA
DE BRUYNE, ELKE, Eline Van Hoecke, Katrien Van Gompel, et al. “Problem Behavior, Parental Stress and Enuresis.” JOURNAL OF UROLOGY 182.4, suppl. 1 (2009): 2015–2020. Print.
@article{868170,
  abstract     = {Purpose: We determined maternal and paternal ratings of problem behavior in 5 to 13-year-old children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis and investigated parental stress and the association between parental ratings of child behavior and parental stress.
Materials and Methods: We compared problem behavior in 78 children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis vs that in 110 without enuresis using the Child Behavior Checklist and the Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale. Parental stress was measured using the Parenting Stress Index.
Results: Maternal results replicated previous findings of significantly higher Child Behavior Checklist scores for externalizing and total problems compared with those in the control group, whereas no significant differences were found for paternal ratings. Mothers and fathers of enuretic children reported significantly higher scores on the Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity and oppositional defiant disorder subscales than parents of children without enuresis. The Parenting Stress Index revealed significantly higher overall stress in mothers and fathers of children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis compared with that in parents of controls. Especially parental stress related to child characteristics was associated with a greater report of child behavior problems.
Conclusions: Each parent but especially mothers reported more problem behavior in children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis than in controls. They also reported more stress, which correlates highly with parental ratings of problem behavior in children with (non)monosymptomatic enuresis.},
  author       = {De Bruyne, Elke and Van Hoecke, Eline and Van Gompel, Katrien and Verbeken, Sandra and Baeyens, Dieter  and Hoebeke, Piet and Vande Walle, Johan},
  issn         = {0022-5347},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF UROLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Boston, MA, USA},
  number       = {4, suppl. 1},
  pages        = {2015--2020},
  title        = {Problem behavior, parental stress and enuresis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2009.05.102},
  volume       = {182},
  year         = {2009},
}

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