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IgE-mediated gastroallergic anisakiasis with eosinophilic oesophagitis : a case report.

(2022) ACTA CLINICA BELGICA. 77(2). p.396-399
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Organization
Abstract
Background Anisakiasis is an emerging zoonosis caused by the fish parasitic nematode Anisakis infecting the gastrointestinal tract. Case presentation We describe a case of a 58-year-old woman diagnosed with gastro-allergic anisakiasis, in which the patient developed an acute food-induced IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction as well as concurrent gastro-intestinal manifestations after consumption of raw fish. The patient presented with epigastric pain, anaphylaxis and acute dysphagia caused by eosinophilic oesophagitis. Discussion Anisakis allergy should be considered as causative agent in patients presenting with acute urticarial rash, anaphylaxis and/or abdominal manifestations, especially when symptoms occur after consumption of seafood. Moreover, eosinophilic oesophagitis may be a rare but important complication of Anisakis infection. Endoscopic evaluation with esophageal biopsies should therefore be considered if suggestive symptoms are present. Patients with confirmed gastroallergic anisakiasis are advised to properly freeze or cook fish prior to consumption, although caution is advised, since heat-stable allergen proteins have been described. An adrenaline auto-injector should be prescribed.
Keywords
FOOD ALLERGY, SIMPLEX, Anisakis, anisakiasis, food allergy, gastro-allergic anisakiasis, eosinophilic oesophagitis, raw fish

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MLA
Decruyenaere, Philippe, et al. “IgE-Mediated Gastroallergic Anisakiasis with Eosinophilic Oesophagitis : A Case Report.” ACTA CLINICA BELGICA, vol. 77, no. 2, 2022, pp. 396–99, doi:10.1080/17843286.2020.1822627.
APA
Decruyenaere, P., Van de Maele, B., Hulstaert, E., Van Vlierberghe, H., Decruyenaere, J., & Lapeere, H. (2022). IgE-mediated gastroallergic anisakiasis with eosinophilic oesophagitis : a case report. ACTA CLINICA BELGICA, 77(2), 396–399. https://doi.org/10.1080/17843286.2020.1822627
Chicago author-date
Decruyenaere, Philippe, B Van de Maele, Eva Hulstaert, Hans Van Vlierberghe, Johan Decruyenaere, and Hilde Lapeere. 2022. “IgE-Mediated Gastroallergic Anisakiasis with Eosinophilic Oesophagitis : A Case Report.” ACTA CLINICA BELGICA 77 (2): 396–99. https://doi.org/10.1080/17843286.2020.1822627.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Decruyenaere, Philippe, B Van de Maele, Eva Hulstaert, Hans Van Vlierberghe, Johan Decruyenaere, and Hilde Lapeere. 2022. “IgE-Mediated Gastroallergic Anisakiasis with Eosinophilic Oesophagitis : A Case Report.” ACTA CLINICA BELGICA 77 (2): 396–399. doi:10.1080/17843286.2020.1822627.
Vancouver
1.
Decruyenaere P, Van de Maele B, Hulstaert E, Van Vlierberghe H, Decruyenaere J, Lapeere H. IgE-mediated gastroallergic anisakiasis with eosinophilic oesophagitis : a case report. ACTA CLINICA BELGICA. 2022;77(2):396–9.
IEEE
[1]
P. Decruyenaere, B. Van de Maele, E. Hulstaert, H. Van Vlierberghe, J. Decruyenaere, and H. Lapeere, “IgE-mediated gastroallergic anisakiasis with eosinophilic oesophagitis : a case report.,” ACTA CLINICA BELGICA, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 396–399, 2022.
@article{8681549,
  abstract     = {{Background Anisakiasis is an emerging zoonosis caused by the fish parasitic nematode Anisakis infecting the gastrointestinal tract. Case presentation We describe a case of a 58-year-old woman diagnosed with gastro-allergic anisakiasis, in which the patient developed an acute food-induced IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction as well as concurrent gastro-intestinal manifestations after consumption of raw fish. The patient presented with epigastric pain, anaphylaxis and acute dysphagia caused by eosinophilic oesophagitis. Discussion Anisakis allergy should be considered as causative agent in patients presenting with acute urticarial rash, anaphylaxis and/or abdominal manifestations, especially when symptoms occur after consumption of seafood. Moreover, eosinophilic oesophagitis may be a rare but important complication of Anisakis infection. Endoscopic evaluation with esophageal biopsies should therefore be considered if suggestive symptoms are present. Patients with confirmed gastroallergic anisakiasis are advised to properly freeze or cook fish prior to consumption, although caution is advised, since heat-stable allergen proteins have been described. An adrenaline auto-injector should be prescribed.}},
  author       = {{Decruyenaere, Philippe and Van de Maele, B and Hulstaert, Eva and Van Vlierberghe, Hans and Decruyenaere, Johan and Lapeere, Hilde}},
  issn         = {{1784-3286}},
  journal      = {{ACTA CLINICA BELGICA}},
  keywords     = {{FOOD ALLERGY,SIMPLEX,Anisakis,anisakiasis,food allergy,gastro-allergic anisakiasis,eosinophilic oesophagitis,raw fish}},
  language     = {{und}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{396--399}},
  title        = {{IgE-mediated gastroallergic anisakiasis with eosinophilic oesophagitis : a case report.}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17843286.2020.1822627}},
  volume       = {{77}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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