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Reflecting on 25 years of research using implicit measures : recommendations for their future use

Pieter Van Dessel (UGent) , Jamie Cummins (UGent) , Sean Joseph Hughes (UGent) , Sarah Kasran (UGent) , Femke Cathelyn (UGent) and Tal Moran Yorovich (UGent)
(2020) SOCIAL COGNITION. 38(SI). p.S223-S242
Author
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Abstract
For more than 25 years, implicit measures have shaped research, theorizing, and intervention in psychological science. During this period, the development and deployment of implicit measures have been predicated on a number of theoretical, methodological, and applied assumptions. Yet these assumptions are frequently violated and rarely met. As a result, the merit of research using implicit measures has increasingly been cast into doubt. In this article, we argue that future implicit measures research could benefit from adherence to four guidelines based on a functional approach wherein performance on implicit measures is described and analyzed as behavior emitted under specific conditions and captured in a specific measurement context. We unpack this approach and highlight recent work illustrating both its theoretical and practical value.
Keywords
implicit measures, behavior, automaticity, levels of analysis, ASSOCIATION TEST, SOCIAL COGNITION, ATTITUDES, BIAS, IAT, PSYCHOLOGY, FAKING

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MLA
Van Dessel, Pieter, et al. “Reflecting on 25 Years of Research Using Implicit Measures : Recommendations for Their Future Use.” SOCIAL COGNITION, vol. 38, no. SI, 2020, pp. S223–42, doi:10.1521/soco.2020.38.supp.s223.
APA
Van Dessel, P., Cummins, J., Hughes, S. J., Kasran, S., Cathelyn, F., & Moran Yorovich, T. (2020). Reflecting on 25 years of research using implicit measures : recommendations for their future use. SOCIAL COGNITION, 38(SI), S223–S242. https://doi.org/10.1521/soco.2020.38.supp.s223
Chicago author-date
Van Dessel, Pieter, Jamie Cummins, Sean Joseph Hughes, Sarah Kasran, Femke Cathelyn, and Tal Moran Yorovich. 2020. “Reflecting on 25 Years of Research Using Implicit Measures : Recommendations for Their Future Use.” SOCIAL COGNITION 38 (SI): S223–42. https://doi.org/10.1521/soco.2020.38.supp.s223.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Dessel, Pieter, Jamie Cummins, Sean Joseph Hughes, Sarah Kasran, Femke Cathelyn, and Tal Moran Yorovich. 2020. “Reflecting on 25 Years of Research Using Implicit Measures : Recommendations for Their Future Use.” SOCIAL COGNITION 38 (SI): S223–S242. doi:10.1521/soco.2020.38.supp.s223.
Vancouver
1.
Van Dessel P, Cummins J, Hughes SJ, Kasran S, Cathelyn F, Moran Yorovich T. Reflecting on 25 years of research using implicit measures : recommendations for their future use. SOCIAL COGNITION. 2020;38(SI):S223–42.
IEEE
[1]
P. Van Dessel, J. Cummins, S. J. Hughes, S. Kasran, F. Cathelyn, and T. Moran Yorovich, “Reflecting on 25 years of research using implicit measures : recommendations for their future use,” SOCIAL COGNITION, vol. 38, no. SI, pp. S223–S242, 2020.
@article{8680462,
  abstract     = {{For more than 25 years, implicit measures have shaped research, theorizing, and intervention in psychological science. During this period, the development and deployment of implicit measures have been predicated on a number of theoretical, methodological, and applied assumptions. Yet these assumptions are frequently violated and rarely met. As a result, the merit of research using implicit measures has increasingly been cast into doubt. In this article, we argue that future implicit measures research could benefit from adherence to four guidelines based on a functional approach wherein performance on implicit measures is described and analyzed as behavior emitted under specific conditions and captured in a specific measurement context. We unpack this approach and highlight recent work illustrating both its theoretical and practical value.}},
  author       = {{Van Dessel, Pieter and Cummins, Jamie and Hughes, Sean Joseph and Kasran, Sarah and Cathelyn, Femke and Moran Yorovich, Tal}},
  issn         = {{0278-016X}},
  journal      = {{SOCIAL COGNITION}},
  keywords     = {{implicit measures,behavior,automaticity,levels of analysis,ASSOCIATION TEST,SOCIAL COGNITION,ATTITUDES,BIAS,IAT,PSYCHOLOGY,FAKING}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{SI}},
  pages        = {{S223--S242}},
  title        = {{Reflecting on 25 years of research using implicit measures : recommendations for their future use}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/soco.2020.38.supp.s223}},
  volume       = {{38}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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