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Gratitude : a resilience factor for more securely attached children

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Abstract
Research on the association between childhood attachment and depressive symptoms has primarily focused on the role of risk factors. This resulted in a lack of research on the role of potential resilience factors. In the current study, we suggest that middle childhood secure attachment is linked to adolescents' trait gratitude, which is linked to the enhanced resilience against the development of depressive symptoms in adolescence. In a longitudinal study, we measured 157 children's (9-12 years old, 48% boys) attachment appraisals (anxiety, avoidance, and trust), attachment representations (secure base script knowledge, and coherence) and depressive symptoms at baseline, and gratitude and depressive symptoms at follow-up two years later. Results supported our hypotheses that middle childhood attachment was robustly linked with adolescent trait gratitude. Moreover, trait gratitude indirectly linked middle childhood attachment avoidance, trust, and secure base script knowledge to change in depressive symptoms over time. These findings may help explain why more securely attached children are less likely to develop depressive symptoms.
Keywords
Resilience, Gratitude, Attachment, Depression, Middle childhood, CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS SCALE, EARLY MALADAPTIVE SCHEMAS, DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, MIDDLE CHILDHOOD, ATTENTIONAL BREADTH, REPETITIVE THINKING, SEEKING BEHAVIOR, SOCIAL SUPPORT, MEDIATING ROLE, ADOLESCENCE

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MLA
Scot, Veronica, et al. “Gratitude : A Resilience Factor for More Securely Attached Children.” JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES, vol. 30, no. 2, 2021, pp. 416–30, doi:10.1007/s10826-020-01853-8.
APA
Scot, V., Verhees, M., De Raedt, R., Bijttebier, P., Vasey, M. W., Van de Walle, M., … Bosmans, G. (2021). Gratitude : a resilience factor for more securely attached children. JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES, 30(2), 416–430. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-020-01853-8
Chicago author-date
Scot, Veronica, Martine Verhees, Rudi De Raedt, Patricia Bijttebier, Michael W. Vasey, Magali Van de Walle, Theodore E.A. Waters, and Guy Bosmans. 2021. “Gratitude : A Resilience Factor for More Securely Attached Children.” JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES 30 (2): 416–30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-020-01853-8.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Scot, Veronica, Martine Verhees, Rudi De Raedt, Patricia Bijttebier, Michael W. Vasey, Magali Van de Walle, Theodore E.A. Waters, and Guy Bosmans. 2021. “Gratitude : A Resilience Factor for More Securely Attached Children.” JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES 30 (2): 416–430. doi:10.1007/s10826-020-01853-8.
Vancouver
1.
Scot V, Verhees M, De Raedt R, Bijttebier P, Vasey MW, Van de Walle M, et al. Gratitude : a resilience factor for more securely attached children. JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES. 2021;30(2):416–30.
IEEE
[1]
V. Scot et al., “Gratitude : a resilience factor for more securely attached children,” JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 416–430, 2021.
@article{8680438,
  abstract     = {{Research on the association between childhood attachment and depressive symptoms has primarily focused on the role of risk factors. This resulted in a lack of research on the role of potential resilience factors. In the current study, we suggest that middle childhood secure attachment is linked to adolescents' trait gratitude, which is linked to the enhanced resilience against the development of depressive symptoms in adolescence. In a longitudinal study, we measured 157 children's (9-12 years old, 48% boys) attachment appraisals (anxiety, avoidance, and trust), attachment representations (secure base script knowledge, and coherence) and depressive symptoms at baseline, and gratitude and depressive symptoms at follow-up two years later. Results supported our hypotheses that middle childhood attachment was robustly linked with adolescent trait gratitude. Moreover, trait gratitude indirectly linked middle childhood attachment avoidance, trust, and secure base script knowledge to change in depressive symptoms over time. These findings may help explain why more securely attached children are less likely to develop depressive symptoms.}},
  author       = {{Scot, Veronica and Verhees, Martine and De Raedt, Rudi and Bijttebier, Patricia and Vasey, Michael W. and Van de Walle, Magali and Waters, Theodore E.A. and Bosmans, Guy}},
  issn         = {{1062-1024}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF CHILD AND FAMILY STUDIES}},
  keywords     = {{Resilience,Gratitude,Attachment,Depression,Middle childhood,CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS SCALE,EARLY MALADAPTIVE SCHEMAS,DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS,MIDDLE CHILDHOOD,ATTENTIONAL BREADTH,REPETITIVE THINKING,SEEKING BEHAVIOR,SOCIAL SUPPORT,MEDIATING ROLE,ADOLESCENCE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{416--430}},
  title        = {{Gratitude : a resilience factor for more securely attached children}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10826-020-01853-8}},
  volume       = {{30}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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