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The role of contract type in soil-improving investments : evidence from rice-planting large-scale production units in China

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Abstract
The emerging large-scale production units (LSPUs) have become increasingly important in Chinese agricultural production and rural transformation due to rapid industrialization and urbanization. Based on household and plot-level data from Jiangsu and Jiangxi Provinces in China, this study provides insights into the farming systems of these LSPUs and examines how contract type, as a proxy for land tenure security, impacts on the production unit's soil-improving investments. Results from the two-stage control function approach show that the written nature of contracts positively affects the application of organic fertilizer and green manure on rented-in plots. Descriptive analysis also confirms the collateralization effect of contract type by showing that plots that are used as collateral for credit are characterized by written contracts. Policies facilitating LSPUs' access to farmland with more formal contracts may therefore play an important role in improving soil quality and land productivity.
Keywords
OFF-FARM EMPLOYMENT, LAND-TENURE SECURITY, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION, EFFICIENCY EVIDENCE, PROPERTY-RIGHTS, CONSERVATION, TENANCY, INCENTIVES, EXPROPRIATION, CERTIFICATION, collateralization effect, land tenure security, large-scale farming, rental contract, sustainable agriculture

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MLA
Li, Fang, et al. “The Role of Contract Type in Soil-Improving Investments : Evidence from Rice-Planting Large-Scale Production Units in China.” ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS, vol. 25, no. 4, 2020, pp. 334–54, doi:10.1017/S1355770X20000091.
APA
Li, F., Feng, S., Lu, H., Qu, F., & D’Haese, M. (2020). The role of contract type in soil-improving investments : evidence from rice-planting large-scale production units in China. ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS, 25(4), 334–354. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355770X20000091
Chicago author-date
Li, Fang, Shuyi Feng, Hualiang Lu, Futian Qu, and Marijke D’Haese. 2020. “The Role of Contract Type in Soil-Improving Investments : Evidence from Rice-Planting Large-Scale Production Units in China.” ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS 25 (4): 334–54. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355770X20000091.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Li, Fang, Shuyi Feng, Hualiang Lu, Futian Qu, and Marijke D’Haese. 2020. “The Role of Contract Type in Soil-Improving Investments : Evidence from Rice-Planting Large-Scale Production Units in China.” ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS 25 (4): 334–354. doi:10.1017/S1355770X20000091.
Vancouver
1.
Li F, Feng S, Lu H, Qu F, D’Haese M. The role of contract type in soil-improving investments : evidence from rice-planting large-scale production units in China. ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS. 2020;25(4):334–54.
IEEE
[1]
F. Li, S. Feng, H. Lu, F. Qu, and M. D’Haese, “The role of contract type in soil-improving investments : evidence from rice-planting large-scale production units in China,” ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 334–354, 2020.
@article{8680422,
  abstract     = {{The emerging large-scale production units (LSPUs) have become increasingly important in Chinese agricultural production and rural transformation due to rapid industrialization and urbanization. Based on household and plot-level data from Jiangsu and Jiangxi Provinces in China, this study provides insights into the farming systems of these LSPUs and examines how contract type, as a proxy for land tenure security, impacts on the production unit's soil-improving investments. Results from the two-stage control function approach show that the written nature of contracts positively affects the application of organic fertilizer and green manure on rented-in plots. Descriptive analysis also confirms the collateralization effect of contract type by showing that plots that are used as collateral for credit are characterized by written contracts. Policies facilitating LSPUs' access to farmland with more formal contracts may therefore play an important role in improving soil quality and land productivity.}},
  author       = {{Li, Fang and Feng, Shuyi and Lu, Hualiang and Qu, Futian and D'Haese, Marijke}},
  issn         = {{1355-770X}},
  journal      = {{ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS}},
  keywords     = {{OFF-FARM EMPLOYMENT,LAND-TENURE SECURITY,AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION,EFFICIENCY EVIDENCE,PROPERTY-RIGHTS,CONSERVATION,TENANCY,INCENTIVES,EXPROPRIATION,CERTIFICATION,collateralization effect,land tenure security,large-scale farming,rental contract,sustainable agriculture}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{334--354}},
  title        = {{The role of contract type in soil-improving investments : evidence from rice-planting large-scale production units in China}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355770X20000091}},
  volume       = {{25}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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