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Beyond focus : exploring variability of service provision of agricultural cooperatives

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Abstract
The wide array of services provided by agricultural cooperatives for their members is often not considered in academic studies. Addressing this gap in the literature, our paper explores the wide array of services provided by agricultural cooperatives and how these extend beyond those they were initially intended to provide. We study the extent and characteristics of service portfolios from 511 agricultural cooperatives in the Tigray region of Ethiopia. Results from two-limit Tobit models confirm that government and NGO-initiated cooperatives have a wide service portfolio compared to member-initiated cooperatives. In many of the studied cooperatives, the services they provide and their portfolios are more diverse than expected. Cooperatives seem to go beyond their focal areas of intervention. Also, those cooperatives that are more outward-oriented and where the chair has contact with other cooperatives or businesses, have a wider service portfolio. These results may help to explain the mixed findings on the impact of cooperative membership.
Keywords
Economics and Econometrics, Sociology and Political Science, agricultural cooperatives, cooperative services, Ethiopia, Tobit model, variability, RURAL PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS, APPLE FARMERS, MARKETING COOPERATIVES, TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION, ECONOMIC-IMPACTS, MEMBERSHIP, PERFORMANCE, DETERMINANTS, SMALLHOLDERS

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MLA
Sebhatu, Kifle Tesfamariam, et al. “Beyond Focus : Exploring Variability of Service Provision of Agricultural Cooperatives.” ANNALS OF PUBLIC AND COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS, 2021, doi:10.1111/apce.12301.
APA
Sebhatu, K. T., Taheri, F., Berhanu, T., Maertens, M., Van Passel, S., & D’Haese, M. (2021). Beyond focus : exploring variability of service provision of agricultural cooperatives. ANNALS OF PUBLIC AND COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS. https://doi.org/10.1111/apce.12301
Chicago author-date
Sebhatu, Kifle Tesfamariam, Fatemeh Taheri, Tekeste Berhanu, Miet Maertens, Steven Van Passel, and Marijke D’Haese. 2021. “Beyond Focus : Exploring Variability of Service Provision of Agricultural Cooperatives.” ANNALS OF PUBLIC AND COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS. https://doi.org/10.1111/apce.12301.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sebhatu, Kifle Tesfamariam, Fatemeh Taheri, Tekeste Berhanu, Miet Maertens, Steven Van Passel, and Marijke D’Haese. 2021. “Beyond Focus : Exploring Variability of Service Provision of Agricultural Cooperatives.” ANNALS OF PUBLIC AND COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS. doi:10.1111/apce.12301.
Vancouver
1.
Sebhatu KT, Taheri F, Berhanu T, Maertens M, Van Passel S, D’Haese M. Beyond focus : exploring variability of service provision of agricultural cooperatives. ANNALS OF PUBLIC AND COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS. 2021;
IEEE
[1]
K. T. Sebhatu, F. Taheri, T. Berhanu, M. Maertens, S. Van Passel, and M. D’Haese, “Beyond focus : exploring variability of service provision of agricultural cooperatives,” ANNALS OF PUBLIC AND COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS, 2021.
@article{8679812,
  abstract     = {The wide array of services provided by agricultural cooperatives for their members is often not considered in academic studies. Addressing this gap in the literature, our paper explores the wide array of services provided by agricultural cooperatives and how these extend beyond those they were initially intended to provide. We study the extent and characteristics of service portfolios from 511 agricultural cooperatives in the Tigray region of Ethiopia. Results from two-limit Tobit models confirm that government and NGO-initiated cooperatives have a wide service portfolio compared to member-initiated cooperatives. In many of the studied cooperatives, the services they provide and their portfolios are more diverse than expected. Cooperatives seem to go beyond their focal areas of intervention. Also, those cooperatives that are more outward-oriented and where the chair has contact with other cooperatives or businesses, have a wider service portfolio. These results may help to explain the mixed findings on the impact of cooperative membership.},
  author       = {Sebhatu, Kifle Tesfamariam and Taheri, Fatemeh and Berhanu, Tekeste and Maertens, Miet and Van Passel, Steven and D'Haese, Marijke},
  issn         = {1370-4788},
  journal      = {ANNALS OF PUBLIC AND COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS},
  keywords     = {Economics and Econometrics,Sociology and Political Science,agricultural cooperatives,cooperative services,Ethiopia,Tobit model,variability,RURAL PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS,APPLE FARMERS,MARKETING COOPERATIVES,TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION,ECONOMIC-IMPACTS,MEMBERSHIP,PERFORMANCE,DETERMINANTS,SMALLHOLDERS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {25},
  title        = {Beyond focus : exploring variability of service provision of agricultural cooperatives},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apce.12301},
  year         = {2021},
}

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