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Lesbian mother families and gay father families in Italy : family functioning, dyadic satisfaction, and child well-being

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Abstract
The literature underlines that lesbian mother and gay father families are similar to those with heterosexual parents, regarding family functioning, dyadic satisfaction, and child development. This paper compares 40 same-sex families and 40 heterosexual parents in the Italian context. In Italy, it is impossible for same-sex couples or single lesbians and gay men to adopt a child, become married, or enter civil partnerships. The participants were administered self-reports, in order to investigate the dyadic relationships, family functioning, and emotional and social adjustment of their children. Lesbian and gay parents reported higher levels of dyadic adjustment, flexibility, and communication in their family than heterosexual parents. Data from the present study demonstrated that children raised by lesbian and gay parents showed a similar level of emotion regulation and psychological well-being than children raised by heterosexual parents. In Italy, negative attitudes towards same-sex families persist, and educational programs should be developed to deconstruct stereotypes regarding gay and lesbian parent families. These results have important implications in both clinical and social fields.
Keywords
SEXUAL ORIENTATION, SAME-SEX, PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT, FOLLOW-UP, PARENTS, COUPLES, MARRIAGE, GENDER, ADOLESCENTS, EXPERIENCES, Child health, Same-sex parent family, Gay parent family, Lesbian parent, family, Sexual stigma

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MLA
Baiocco, Roberto, et al. “Lesbian Mother Families and Gay Father Families in Italy : Family Functioning, Dyadic Satisfaction, and Child Well-Being.” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY, vol. 12, no. 3, 2015, pp. 202–12, doi:10.1007/s13178-015-0185-x.
APA
Baiocco, R., Santamaria, F., Ioverno, S., Fontanesi, L., Baumgartner, E., Laghi, F., & Lingiardi, V. (2015). Lesbian mother families and gay father families in Italy : family functioning, dyadic satisfaction, and child well-being. SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY, 12(3), 202–212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-015-0185-x
Chicago author-date
Baiocco, Roberto, Federica Santamaria, Salvatore Ioverno, Lilybeth Fontanesi, Emma Baumgartner, Fiorenzo Laghi, and Vittorio Lingiardi. 2015. “Lesbian Mother Families and Gay Father Families in Italy : Family Functioning, Dyadic Satisfaction, and Child Well-Being.” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY 12 (3): 202–12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-015-0185-x.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Baiocco, Roberto, Federica Santamaria, Salvatore Ioverno, Lilybeth Fontanesi, Emma Baumgartner, Fiorenzo Laghi, and Vittorio Lingiardi. 2015. “Lesbian Mother Families and Gay Father Families in Italy : Family Functioning, Dyadic Satisfaction, and Child Well-Being.” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY 12 (3): 202–212. doi:10.1007/s13178-015-0185-x.
Vancouver
1.
Baiocco R, Santamaria F, Ioverno S, Fontanesi L, Baumgartner E, Laghi F, et al. Lesbian mother families and gay father families in Italy : family functioning, dyadic satisfaction, and child well-being. SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY. 2015;12(3):202–12.
IEEE
[1]
R. Baiocco et al., “Lesbian mother families and gay father families in Italy : family functioning, dyadic satisfaction, and child well-being,” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 202–212, 2015.
@article{8679494,
  abstract     = {The literature underlines that lesbian mother and gay father families are similar to those with heterosexual parents, regarding family functioning, dyadic satisfaction, and child development. This paper compares 40 same-sex families and 40 heterosexual parents in the Italian context. In Italy, it is impossible for same-sex couples or single lesbians and gay men to adopt a child, become married, or enter civil partnerships. The participants were administered self-reports, in order to investigate the dyadic relationships, family functioning, and emotional and social adjustment of their children. Lesbian and gay parents reported higher levels of dyadic adjustment, flexibility, and communication in their family than heterosexual parents. Data from the present study demonstrated that children raised by lesbian and gay parents showed a similar level of emotion regulation and psychological well-being than children raised by heterosexual parents. In Italy, negative attitudes towards same-sex families persist, and educational programs should be developed to deconstruct stereotypes regarding gay and lesbian parent families. These results have important implications in both clinical and social fields.},
  author       = {Baiocco, Roberto and Santamaria, Federica and Ioverno, Salvatore and Fontanesi, Lilybeth and Baumgartner, Emma and Laghi, Fiorenzo and Lingiardi, Vittorio},
  issn         = {1868-9884},
  journal      = {SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY},
  keywords     = {SEXUAL ORIENTATION,SAME-SEX,PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT,FOLLOW-UP,PARENTS,COUPLES,MARRIAGE,GENDER,ADOLESCENTS,EXPERIENCES,Child health,Same-sex parent family,Gay parent family,Lesbian parent,family,Sexual stigma},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {202--212},
  title        = {Lesbian mother families and gay father families in Italy : family functioning, dyadic satisfaction, and child well-being},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13178-015-0185-x},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2015},
}

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