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Attitude toward gay men in an Italian sample : masculinity and sexual orientation make a difference

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Abstract
The present research investigates differences between heterosexuals and gay men in their attitudes toward effeminate and masculine gay men. More specifically, the role of internalized sexual stigma and perceived masculinity were considered to explain emotive reaction toward gay men with gender conforming and non-conforming behaviors. Results showed that effeminate gay men, that is those who enact gender non-conforming behaviors, elicited more negative emotions compared to masculine gay men both in gay and heterosexual respondents with no difference in intensity. Moreover, such negative reactions toward effeminate gay men were more extreme among gay men with high internalized sexual stigma and among heterosexuals with high self-perception of feminine traits. Implications and limitations are discussed.
Keywords
GENDER SELF-ESTEEM, PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS, INTERNALIZED HETEROSEXISM, TRANSGENDER YOUTH, PREJUDICE, LESBIANS, STIGMA, VICTIMIZATION, MINORITY, NORMS, Effeminate gay men, Sexual minorities, Attitudes, Internalized sexual, stigma, Minority stress

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MLA
Salvati, Marco, et al. “Attitude toward Gay Men in an Italian Sample : Masculinity and Sexual Orientation Make a Difference.” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY, vol. 13, no. 2, 2016, pp. 109–18, doi:10.1007/s13178-016-0218-0.
APA
Salvati, M., Ioverno, S., Giacomantonio, M., & Baiocco, R. (2016). Attitude toward gay men in an Italian sample : masculinity and sexual orientation make a difference. SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY, 13(2), 109–118. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-016-0218-0
Chicago author-date
Salvati, Marco, Salvatore Ioverno, Mauro Giacomantonio, and Roberto Baiocco. 2016. “Attitude toward Gay Men in an Italian Sample : Masculinity and Sexual Orientation Make a Difference.” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY 13 (2): 109–18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-016-0218-0.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Salvati, Marco, Salvatore Ioverno, Mauro Giacomantonio, and Roberto Baiocco. 2016. “Attitude toward Gay Men in an Italian Sample : Masculinity and Sexual Orientation Make a Difference.” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY 13 (2): 109–118. doi:10.1007/s13178-016-0218-0.
Vancouver
1.
Salvati M, Ioverno S, Giacomantonio M, Baiocco R. Attitude toward gay men in an Italian sample : masculinity and sexual orientation make a difference. SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY. 2016;13(2):109–18.
IEEE
[1]
M. Salvati, S. Ioverno, M. Giacomantonio, and R. Baiocco, “Attitude toward gay men in an Italian sample : masculinity and sexual orientation make a difference,” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 109–118, 2016.
@article{8679492,
  abstract     = {The present research investigates differences between heterosexuals and gay men in their attitudes toward effeminate and masculine gay men. More specifically, the role of internalized sexual stigma and perceived masculinity were considered to explain emotive reaction toward gay men with gender conforming and non-conforming behaviors. Results showed that effeminate gay men, that is those who enact gender non-conforming behaviors, elicited more negative emotions compared to masculine gay men both in gay and heterosexual respondents with no difference in intensity. Moreover, such negative reactions toward effeminate gay men were more extreme among gay men with high internalized sexual stigma and among heterosexuals with high self-perception of feminine traits. Implications and limitations are discussed.},
  author       = {Salvati, Marco and Ioverno, Salvatore and Giacomantonio, Mauro and Baiocco, Roberto},
  issn         = {1868-9884},
  journal      = {SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY},
  keywords     = {GENDER SELF-ESTEEM,PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS,INTERNALIZED HETEROSEXISM,TRANSGENDER YOUTH,PREJUDICE,LESBIANS,STIGMA,VICTIMIZATION,MINORITY,NORMS,Effeminate gay men,Sexual minorities,Attitudes,Internalized sexual,stigma,Minority stress},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {109--118},
  title        = {Attitude toward gay men in an Italian sample : masculinity and sexual orientation make a difference},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13178-016-0218-0},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2016},
}

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