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Same-sex parent families in Italy : validation of the coparenting scale-revised for lesbian mothers and gay fathers

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Abstract
Even though Italy is still struggling to establish equal rights and access to assisted reproduction techniques for sexual minorities, an increasing number of lesbian women and gay men are now becoming parents. There are only a few studies that have evaluated coparenting in same-sex couples. However, these addressed adoptive couples and not the lesbian and gay parent families through donor insemination or surrogacy, respectively. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Coparenting Scale-Revised and its relationship with dyadic adjustment, discipline management, and internalized sexual stigma in Italian same-sex-planned families. The factor structure showed a satisfactory internal consistency and criterion validity with correlates of coparenting behaviours. While Family Integrity factor was confirmed, Disparagement and Reprimand dimensions collapsed into Conflict factor. Non-genetic parents showed lower levels of conflict than genetic parents. Most importantly, coparenting emerged as a significant function not shaped by gender, but influenced by parental status and internalized sexual stigma.
Keywords
DIVISION-OF-LABOR, DYADIC ADJUSTMENT, COUPLES, NUMBER, ASSOCIATIONS, ORIENTATION, PARTNERS, Coparenting, lesbian mother, gay father, child well-being, assisted, reproduction, internalized sexual stigma

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MLA
Carone, Nicola, et al. “Same-Sex Parent Families in Italy : Validation of the Coparenting Scale-Revised for Lesbian Mothers and Gay Fathers.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 14, no. 3, 2017, pp. 367–79, doi:10.1080/17405629.2016.1205478.
APA
Carone, N., Baiocco, R., Ioverno, S., Chirumbolo, A., & Lingiardi, V. (2017). Same-sex parent families in Italy : validation of the coparenting scale-revised for lesbian mothers and gay fathers. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 14(3), 367–379. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2016.1205478
Chicago author-date
Carone, Nicola, Roberto Baiocco, Salvatore Ioverno, Antonio Chirumbolo, and Vittorio Lingiardi. 2017. “Same-Sex Parent Families in Italy : Validation of the Coparenting Scale-Revised for Lesbian Mothers and Gay Fathers.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 14 (3): 367–79. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2016.1205478.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Carone, Nicola, Roberto Baiocco, Salvatore Ioverno, Antonio Chirumbolo, and Vittorio Lingiardi. 2017. “Same-Sex Parent Families in Italy : Validation of the Coparenting Scale-Revised for Lesbian Mothers and Gay Fathers.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 14 (3): 367–379. doi:10.1080/17405629.2016.1205478.
Vancouver
1.
Carone N, Baiocco R, Ioverno S, Chirumbolo A, Lingiardi V. Same-sex parent families in Italy : validation of the coparenting scale-revised for lesbian mothers and gay fathers. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2017;14(3):367–79.
IEEE
[1]
N. Carone, R. Baiocco, S. Ioverno, A. Chirumbolo, and V. Lingiardi, “Same-sex parent families in Italy : validation of the coparenting scale-revised for lesbian mothers and gay fathers,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 367–379, 2017.
@article{8679487,
  abstract     = {Even though Italy is still struggling to establish equal rights and access to assisted reproduction techniques for sexual minorities, an increasing number of lesbian women and gay men are now becoming parents. There are only a few studies that have evaluated coparenting in same-sex couples. However, these addressed adoptive couples and not the lesbian and gay parent families through donor insemination or surrogacy, respectively. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Coparenting Scale-Revised and its relationship with dyadic adjustment, discipline management, and internalized sexual stigma in Italian same-sex-planned families. The factor structure showed a satisfactory internal consistency and criterion validity with correlates of coparenting behaviours. While Family Integrity factor was confirmed, Disparagement and Reprimand dimensions collapsed into Conflict factor. Non-genetic parents showed lower levels of conflict than genetic parents. Most importantly, coparenting emerged as a significant function not shaped by gender, but influenced by parental status and internalized sexual stigma.},
  author       = {Carone, Nicola and Baiocco, Roberto and Ioverno, Salvatore and Chirumbolo, Antonio and Lingiardi, Vittorio},
  issn         = {1740-5629},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {DIVISION-OF-LABOR,DYADIC ADJUSTMENT,COUPLES,NUMBER,ASSOCIATIONS,ORIENTATION,PARTNERS,Coparenting,lesbian mother,gay father,child well-being,assisted,reproduction,internalized sexual stigma},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {367--379},
  title        = {Same-sex parent families in Italy : validation of the coparenting scale-revised for lesbian mothers and gay fathers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2016.1205478},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2017},
}

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